Sustainable District Cooling Guidelines: IEA DHC/CHP Annex XII Report 05

Marco Calderoni, Sophie Dourlens-Qaranta, Bishnu B. Sreekumar, Zia Lennard, Miika Rämä, Krzysztof Klobut, Zao Wang, Xiaojian Duan, Yin Zhang, Joakim Nilsson, Lars Hargö

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Abstract

District Cooling (DC) is based on centralized production of cold water, which is distributed to customers in a closed loop underground pipe network. DC systems can exploit renewable energy sources and excess energy, significantly contributing to decarbonization of the heating and cooling sector. Furthermore, as they usually make use of thermal energy storage in order to meet peak cooling demand during warm summer days, they will in the future offer increasingly valuable flexibility to the electricity grid, which makes them economically attractive from the perspective of national and regional energy planning.
Attention in this report is put on cooling sources and on cooling production technologies, with the intent of guiding readers through the many available options for implementing or expanding sustainable DC systems that can meet sustainability requirements set at national, European and international levels.
The current guideline report first explains what DC is, and why it can be beneficial for society and investors (Chapter 2). Chapter 3 provides an overview of DC development, followed by a detailed description of energy sources and cold generation technologies Chapter 4 and by a comprehensive list of best practices as case studies Chapter 5. Chapter 6 extensively considers design aspects of a DC system, from feasibility evaluation to maintenance. Chapter 7 is about basic and advanced control logics and concludes the technical section. Chapter 8 provides a methodology for estimating the cooling demand of a district, which is the first action to assess whether DC can be economically feasible. Chapter 9 shows a list of innovative District Energy concepts, whereas Chapter 10 is an overview of potential business models for DC systems. Finally, Chapter 11 explains the role of public authorities in the development of DC projects.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages158
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2019
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

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cooling
energy planning
cold water
energy
electricity
pipe
sustainability
heating
methodology
summer

Keywords

  • district cooling
  • sustainability
  • Guidelines

Cite this

Calderoni, M., Dourlens-Qaranta, S., Sreekumar, B. B., Lennard, Z., Rämä, M., Klobut, K., ... Hargö, L. (2019). Sustainable District Cooling Guidelines: IEA DHC/CHP Annex XII Report 05.
Calderoni, Marco ; Dourlens-Qaranta, Sophie ; Sreekumar, Bishnu B. ; Lennard, Zia ; Rämä, Miika ; Klobut, Krzysztof ; Wang, Zao ; Duan, Xiaojian ; Zhang, Yin ; Nilsson, Joakim ; Hargö, Lars. / Sustainable District Cooling Guidelines : IEA DHC/CHP Annex XII Report 05. 2019. 158 p.
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abstract = "District Cooling (DC) is based on centralized production of cold water, which is distributed to customers in a closed loop underground pipe network. DC systems can exploit renewable energy sources and excess energy, significantly contributing to decarbonization of the heating and cooling sector. Furthermore, as they usually make use of thermal energy storage in order to meet peak cooling demand during warm summer days, they will in the future offer increasingly valuable flexibility to the electricity grid, which makes them economically attractive from the perspective of national and regional energy planning.Attention in this report is put on cooling sources and on cooling production technologies, with the intent of guiding readers through the many available options for implementing or expanding sustainable DC systems that can meet sustainability requirements set at national, European and international levels.The current guideline report first explains what DC is, and why it can be beneficial for society and investors (Chapter 2). Chapter 3 provides an overview of DC development, followed by a detailed description of energy sources and cold generation technologies Chapter 4 and by a comprehensive list of best practices as case studies Chapter 5. Chapter 6 extensively considers design aspects of a DC system, from feasibility evaluation to maintenance. Chapter 7 is about basic and advanced control logics and concludes the technical section. Chapter 8 provides a methodology for estimating the cooling demand of a district, which is the first action to assess whether DC can be economically feasible. Chapter 9 shows a list of innovative District Energy concepts, whereas Chapter 10 is an overview of potential business models for DC systems. Finally, Chapter 11 explains the role of public authorities in the development of DC projects.",
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Calderoni, M, Dourlens-Qaranta, S, Sreekumar, BB, Lennard, Z, Rämä, M, Klobut, K, Wang, Z, Duan, X, Zhang, Y, Nilsson, J & Hargö, L 2019, Sustainable District Cooling Guidelines: IEA DHC/CHP Annex XII Report 05.

Sustainable District Cooling Guidelines : IEA DHC/CHP Annex XII Report 05. / Calderoni, Marco; Dourlens-Qaranta, Sophie; Sreekumar, Bishnu B.; Lennard, Zia; Rämä, Miika; Klobut, Krzysztof; Wang, Zao; Duan, Xiaojian; Zhang, Yin; Nilsson, Joakim; Hargö, Lars.

2019. 158 p.

Research output: Book/ReportReport

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AU - Sreekumar, Bishnu B.

AU - Lennard, Zia

AU - Rämä, Miika

AU - Klobut, Krzysztof

AU - Wang, Zao

AU - Duan, Xiaojian

AU - Zhang, Yin

AU - Nilsson, Joakim

AU - Hargö, Lars

PY - 2019/5/31

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N2 - District Cooling (DC) is based on centralized production of cold water, which is distributed to customers in a closed loop underground pipe network. DC systems can exploit renewable energy sources and excess energy, significantly contributing to decarbonization of the heating and cooling sector. Furthermore, as they usually make use of thermal energy storage in order to meet peak cooling demand during warm summer days, they will in the future offer increasingly valuable flexibility to the electricity grid, which makes them economically attractive from the perspective of national and regional energy planning.Attention in this report is put on cooling sources and on cooling production technologies, with the intent of guiding readers through the many available options for implementing or expanding sustainable DC systems that can meet sustainability requirements set at national, European and international levels.The current guideline report first explains what DC is, and why it can be beneficial for society and investors (Chapter 2). Chapter 3 provides an overview of DC development, followed by a detailed description of energy sources and cold generation technologies Chapter 4 and by a comprehensive list of best practices as case studies Chapter 5. Chapter 6 extensively considers design aspects of a DC system, from feasibility evaluation to maintenance. Chapter 7 is about basic and advanced control logics and concludes the technical section. Chapter 8 provides a methodology for estimating the cooling demand of a district, which is the first action to assess whether DC can be economically feasible. Chapter 9 shows a list of innovative District Energy concepts, whereas Chapter 10 is an overview of potential business models for DC systems. Finally, Chapter 11 explains the role of public authorities in the development of DC projects.

AB - District Cooling (DC) is based on centralized production of cold water, which is distributed to customers in a closed loop underground pipe network. DC systems can exploit renewable energy sources and excess energy, significantly contributing to decarbonization of the heating and cooling sector. Furthermore, as they usually make use of thermal energy storage in order to meet peak cooling demand during warm summer days, they will in the future offer increasingly valuable flexibility to the electricity grid, which makes them economically attractive from the perspective of national and regional energy planning.Attention in this report is put on cooling sources and on cooling production technologies, with the intent of guiding readers through the many available options for implementing or expanding sustainable DC systems that can meet sustainability requirements set at national, European and international levels.The current guideline report first explains what DC is, and why it can be beneficial for society and investors (Chapter 2). Chapter 3 provides an overview of DC development, followed by a detailed description of energy sources and cold generation technologies Chapter 4 and by a comprehensive list of best practices as case studies Chapter 5. Chapter 6 extensively considers design aspects of a DC system, from feasibility evaluation to maintenance. Chapter 7 is about basic and advanced control logics and concludes the technical section. Chapter 8 provides a methodology for estimating the cooling demand of a district, which is the first action to assess whether DC can be economically feasible. Chapter 9 shows a list of innovative District Energy concepts, whereas Chapter 10 is an overview of potential business models for DC systems. Finally, Chapter 11 explains the role of public authorities in the development of DC projects.

KW - district cooling

KW - sustainability

KW - Guidelines

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ER -

Calderoni M, Dourlens-Qaranta S, Sreekumar BB, Lennard Z, Rämä M, Klobut K et al. Sustainable District Cooling Guidelines: IEA DHC/CHP Annex XII Report 05. 2019. 158 p.