Synergistic effect of crosslinking and dual reinforcement on the thermal and mechanical properties of polyvinyl alcohol

A.K. Sonker, S. Roy, H.D. Wagner, A. Zak, X. Sui (Corresponding Author), R. Bajpai (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the combined effect of crosslinking and dual reinforcement on the thermal and mechanical properties of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Glutaric acid (GA) was used as crosslinker while tungsten disulfide nanotubes (WSNT) and carboxylated multiwall carbon nanotubes (f-MWCNT) were used as dual reinforcing agents. Tensile strength and toughness of the hybrid composite, that is, crosslinked PVA reinforced with both f-MWCNT and WSNT, was higher than those of neat PVA, crosslinked PVA, crosslinked PVA reinforced with WSNT and crosslinked PVA reinforced with f-MWCNT. The hybrid composite showed remarkable improvement over neat PVA: tensile strength increased by 138%, Young's modulus increased by 142%, and toughness increased by 246%. Water uptake tendency and thermal stability of the composites were also examined and compared. The advantage of using dual reinforcement was a simultaneous increment in tensile strength and toughness, similar to what is observed in some natural materials like nacre.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1214-1223
JournalPolymer Composites
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • carbon nanotubes and tungsten disulfide nanotubes
  • crosslinking
  • polymer-nanocomposites
  • thermal and mechanical properties

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