Synergistic strengthening of composite films by crosslinking graphene oxide reinforcement and poly(vinyl alcohol) with dicarboxylic acids

M. Belay, A.K. Sonker, R.K. Nagarale, V. Verma (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-strength plastic materials with excellent biodegradability, non-toxicity and economically wide availability are in high demand. Herein, we demonstrate graphene oxide (GO) composite of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) as a potential bioplastic material by chemical crosslinking. For a potential bioplastic material, PVA has to be addressed for its high water absorbing capacity along with improvement in tensile strength and thermal stability. These issues were addressed by enhancing the interfacial binding between PVA and GO, covalent bonds between the two being introduced by crosslinking with dicarboxylic acids, namely succinic acid (SuA) and adipic acid (AdA). Crosslinking of neat PVA with dicarboxylic acids also resulted in enhanced swelling resistance and thermal stability. The greatest improvement in tensile strength and swelling resistance was observed for a GO crosslinked with diacids due to the synergistic effect of reinforcement and crosslinking. Improvements of 225 and 234% in the tensile strength of PVA (31.19 MPa) were observed for 5% GO–PVA samples crosslinked with 6.25 mmol AdA and 7.5 mmol SuA, respectively. For the same samples, water uptake was 44 and 29%, respectively, compared to the non-crosslinked PVA (359%).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1737-1746
JournalPolymer International
Volume66
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

Keywords

  • composite
  • crosslinker
  • matrix
  • reinforcement

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