Synthesis of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers on silica and cement matrix materials

A. G. Nasibulin, P. R. Mudimela, L. I. Nasibulina, A. Cwirzen, M. Valkeapää, K. Habermehl-Cwirzen, J. E. M. Malm, M. J. Karppinen, V. Penttala, T. S. Koltsova, O. V. Tolochko, Esko I. Kauppinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

In order to create strong composite materials, a good dispersion of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and nanofibers (CNFs) in a matrix material must be obtained. We proposed a simple method of growing the desirable carbon nanomaterial directly on the surface of matrix particles. CNTs and CNFs were synthesised on the surface of model object, silica fume particles impregnated by iron salt, and directly on pristine cement particles, naturally containing iron oxide. Acetylene was successfully utilised as a carbon source in the temperature range from 550 to 750°C. 5–10 walled CNTs with diameters of 10–15 nm at 600°C and 12–20 nm at 750°C were synthesised on silica particles. In case of cement particles, mainly CNFs with a diameter of around 30 nm were grown. It was shown that high temperatures caused chemical and physical transformation of cement particles.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nanomaterials
Volume2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanofibers
Silicon Dioxide
Carbon nanotubes
Cements
Silica
Nanofibers
Carbon
Acetylene
Silica fume
Iron oxides
Nanostructured materials
Iron
Salts
Temperature
Composite materials

Cite this

Nasibulin, A. G., Mudimela, P. R., Nasibulina, L. I., Cwirzen, A., Valkeapää, M., Habermehl-Cwirzen, K., ... Kauppinen, E. I. (2009). Synthesis of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers on silica and cement matrix materials. Journal of Nanomaterials, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/526128
Nasibulin, A. G. ; Mudimela, P. R. ; Nasibulina, L. I. ; Cwirzen, A. ; Valkeapää, M. ; Habermehl-Cwirzen, K. ; Malm, J. E. M. ; Karppinen, M. J. ; Penttala, V. ; Koltsova, T. S. ; Tolochko, O. V. ; Kauppinen, Esko I. / Synthesis of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers on silica and cement matrix materials. In: Journal of Nanomaterials. 2009 ; Vol. 2009.
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abstract = "In order to create strong composite materials, a good dispersion of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and nanofibers (CNFs) in a matrix material must be obtained. We proposed a simple method of growing the desirable carbon nanomaterial directly on the surface of matrix particles. CNTs and CNFs were synthesised on the surface of model object, silica fume particles impregnated by iron salt, and directly on pristine cement particles, naturally containing iron oxide. Acetylene was successfully utilised as a carbon source in the temperature range from 550 to 750°C. 5–10 walled CNTs with diameters of 10–15 nm at 600°C and 12–20 nm at 750°C were synthesised on silica particles. In case of cement particles, mainly CNFs with a diameter of around 30 nm were grown. It was shown that high temperatures caused chemical and physical transformation of cement particles.",
author = "Nasibulin, {A. G.} and Mudimela, {P. R.} and Nasibulina, {L. I.} and A. Cwirzen and M. Valkeap{\"a}{\"a} and K. Habermehl-Cwirzen and Malm, {J. E. M.} and Karppinen, {M. J.} and V. Penttala and Koltsova, {T. S.} and Tolochko, {O. V.} and Kauppinen, {Esko I.}",
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Nasibulin, AG, Mudimela, PR, Nasibulina, LI, Cwirzen, A, Valkeapää, M, Habermehl-Cwirzen, K, Malm, JEM, Karppinen, MJ, Penttala, V, Koltsova, TS, Tolochko, OV & Kauppinen, EI 2009, 'Synthesis of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers on silica and cement matrix materials', Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2009. https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/526128

Synthesis of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers on silica and cement matrix materials. / Nasibulin, A. G.; Mudimela, P. R.; Nasibulina, L. I.; Cwirzen, A.; Valkeapää, M.; Habermehl-Cwirzen, K.; Malm, J. E. M.; Karppinen, M. J.; Penttala, V.; Koltsova, T. S.; Tolochko, O. V.; Kauppinen, Esko I.

In: Journal of Nanomaterials, Vol. 2009, 2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers on silica and cement matrix materials

AU - Nasibulin, A. G.

AU - Mudimela, P. R.

AU - Nasibulina, L. I.

AU - Cwirzen, A.

AU - Valkeapää, M.

AU - Habermehl-Cwirzen, K.

AU - Malm, J. E. M.

AU - Karppinen, M. J.

AU - Penttala, V.

AU - Koltsova, T. S.

AU - Tolochko, O. V.

AU - Kauppinen, Esko I.

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - In order to create strong composite materials, a good dispersion of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and nanofibers (CNFs) in a matrix material must be obtained. We proposed a simple method of growing the desirable carbon nanomaterial directly on the surface of matrix particles. CNTs and CNFs were synthesised on the surface of model object, silica fume particles impregnated by iron salt, and directly on pristine cement particles, naturally containing iron oxide. Acetylene was successfully utilised as a carbon source in the temperature range from 550 to 750°C. 5–10 walled CNTs with diameters of 10–15 nm at 600°C and 12–20 nm at 750°C were synthesised on silica particles. In case of cement particles, mainly CNFs with a diameter of around 30 nm were grown. It was shown that high temperatures caused chemical and physical transformation of cement particles.

AB - In order to create strong composite materials, a good dispersion of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and nanofibers (CNFs) in a matrix material must be obtained. We proposed a simple method of growing the desirable carbon nanomaterial directly on the surface of matrix particles. CNTs and CNFs were synthesised on the surface of model object, silica fume particles impregnated by iron salt, and directly on pristine cement particles, naturally containing iron oxide. Acetylene was successfully utilised as a carbon source in the temperature range from 550 to 750°C. 5–10 walled CNTs with diameters of 10–15 nm at 600°C and 12–20 nm at 750°C were synthesised on silica particles. In case of cement particles, mainly CNFs with a diameter of around 30 nm were grown. It was shown that high temperatures caused chemical and physical transformation of cement particles.

U2 - 10.1155/2009/526128

DO - 10.1155/2009/526128

M3 - Article

VL - 2009

JO - Journal of Nanomaterials

JF - Journal of Nanomaterials

SN - 1687-4110

ER -

Nasibulin AG, Mudimela PR, Nasibulina LI, Cwirzen A, Valkeapää M, Habermehl-Cwirzen K et al. Synthesis of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers on silica and cement matrix materials. Journal of Nanomaterials. 2009;2009. https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/526128