Synthesis of nano structural WC-Co powders from water soluble precursors: effects of carbon content to chemical and phase structure

Ulla Kanerva, Marjaana Karhu, Juha Lagerbom, Anna Kronlöf, Erja Turunen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

Thermal sprayed cemented carbides such as WC-Co(Cr) and Cr3C2-NiCr coatings are well known and widely used for wear protection purposes. Submicron and nano-sized carbides in cermets have shown promising results in hardness and wear performance. Presented study is a part of the research aiming to create a new novel powder manufacturing route for homogenous nano WC + Co matrix powder for thermal spraying. In the novel precursor method controlling the exact amount of carbon is one major challenge. Carbon control is a crucial issue, suppressing the sub-stoichiometric carbide formation, but also avoiding weakening the effect of extra free carbon in the structure. The goal of this study was to synthesize nano structural WC-Co powders from water soluble precursors and compare the effects of carbon content to chemical and phase structure of the final products. Powders were manufactured via spray drying method from water based solution, with raw materials ammonium meta tungstate (AMT) as a tungsten source, glycine as a carbon source and cobalt acetate as a cobolt source. Dried products were heat treated in Ar atmospheres. The thermal decomposition of the precursors was studied by using thermogravimetry (TGA) and evolved gas analysis with interconnected mass spectrometer. The morphology and particle size were studied with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and laser diffraction, and phase structures were analyzed by an X-ray diffractometry (XRD). Carbon and oxygen content were analysed with LECO CS-230 with an infrared detector.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationECerS 2015
Subtitle of host publicationBook of abstracts
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event14th International Conference of the European Ceramic Society, ECersS XIV - Toledo, Spain
Duration: 21 Jun 201525 Jun 2015
Conference number: 14

Conference

Conference14th International Conference of the European Ceramic Society, ECersS XIV
Abbreviated titleECersS XIV
CountrySpain
CityToledo
Period21/06/1525/06/15

Fingerprint

Phase structure
Powders
Carbon
Water
Carbides
Wear of materials
Thermal spraying
Spray drying
Tungsten
Gas fuel analysis
Infrared detectors
Cermets
Mass spectrometers
Cobalt
Ammonium Compounds
Glycine
X ray diffraction analysis
Thermogravimetric analysis
Raw materials
Acetates

Keywords

  • ProperPart

Cite this

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title = "Synthesis of nano structural WC-Co powders from water soluble precursors: effects of carbon content to chemical and phase structure",
abstract = "Thermal sprayed cemented carbides such as WC-Co(Cr) and Cr3C2-NiCr coatings are well known and widely used for wear protection purposes. Submicron and nano-sized carbides in cermets have shown promising results in hardness and wear performance. Presented study is a part of the research aiming to create a new novel powder manufacturing route for homogenous nano WC + Co matrix powder for thermal spraying. In the novel precursor method controlling the exact amount of carbon is one major challenge. Carbon control is a crucial issue, suppressing the sub-stoichiometric carbide formation, but also avoiding weakening the effect of extra free carbon in the structure. The goal of this study was to synthesize nano structural WC-Co powders from water soluble precursors and compare the effects of carbon content to chemical and phase structure of the final products. Powders were manufactured via spray drying method from water based solution, with raw materials ammonium meta tungstate (AMT) as a tungsten source, glycine as a carbon source and cobalt acetate as a cobolt source. Dried products were heat treated in Ar atmospheres. The thermal decomposition of the precursors was studied by using thermogravimetry (TGA) and evolved gas analysis with interconnected mass spectrometer. The morphology and particle size were studied with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and laser diffraction, and phase structures were analyzed by an X-ray diffractometry (XRD). Carbon and oxygen content were analysed with LECO CS-230 with an infrared detector.",
keywords = "ProperPart",
author = "Ulla Kanerva and Marjaana Karhu and Juha Lagerbom and Anna Kronl{\"o}f and Erja Turunen",
note = "SDA: MIP: Minecon Project : 100711",
year = "2015",
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}

Kanerva, U, Karhu, M, Lagerbom, J, Kronlöf, A & Turunen, E 2015, Synthesis of nano structural WC-Co powders from water soluble precursors: effects of carbon content to chemical and phase structure. in ECerS 2015: Book of abstracts. 14th International Conference of the European Ceramic Society, ECersS XIV, Toledo, Spain, 21/06/15.

Synthesis of nano structural WC-Co powders from water soluble precursors: effects of carbon content to chemical and phase structure. / Kanerva, Ulla; Karhu, Marjaana; Lagerbom, Juha; Kronlöf, Anna; Turunen, Erja.

ECerS 2015: Book of abstracts. 2015.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

TY - CHAP

T1 - Synthesis of nano structural WC-Co powders from water soluble precursors: effects of carbon content to chemical and phase structure

AU - Kanerva, Ulla

AU - Karhu, Marjaana

AU - Lagerbom, Juha

AU - Kronlöf, Anna

AU - Turunen, Erja

N1 - SDA: MIP: Minecon Project : 100711

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Thermal sprayed cemented carbides such as WC-Co(Cr) and Cr3C2-NiCr coatings are well known and widely used for wear protection purposes. Submicron and nano-sized carbides in cermets have shown promising results in hardness and wear performance. Presented study is a part of the research aiming to create a new novel powder manufacturing route for homogenous nano WC + Co matrix powder for thermal spraying. In the novel precursor method controlling the exact amount of carbon is one major challenge. Carbon control is a crucial issue, suppressing the sub-stoichiometric carbide formation, but also avoiding weakening the effect of extra free carbon in the structure. The goal of this study was to synthesize nano structural WC-Co powders from water soluble precursors and compare the effects of carbon content to chemical and phase structure of the final products. Powders were manufactured via spray drying method from water based solution, with raw materials ammonium meta tungstate (AMT) as a tungsten source, glycine as a carbon source and cobalt acetate as a cobolt source. Dried products were heat treated in Ar atmospheres. The thermal decomposition of the precursors was studied by using thermogravimetry (TGA) and evolved gas analysis with interconnected mass spectrometer. The morphology and particle size were studied with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and laser diffraction, and phase structures were analyzed by an X-ray diffractometry (XRD). Carbon and oxygen content were analysed with LECO CS-230 with an infrared detector.

AB - Thermal sprayed cemented carbides such as WC-Co(Cr) and Cr3C2-NiCr coatings are well known and widely used for wear protection purposes. Submicron and nano-sized carbides in cermets have shown promising results in hardness and wear performance. Presented study is a part of the research aiming to create a new novel powder manufacturing route for homogenous nano WC + Co matrix powder for thermal spraying. In the novel precursor method controlling the exact amount of carbon is one major challenge. Carbon control is a crucial issue, suppressing the sub-stoichiometric carbide formation, but also avoiding weakening the effect of extra free carbon in the structure. The goal of this study was to synthesize nano structural WC-Co powders from water soluble precursors and compare the effects of carbon content to chemical and phase structure of the final products. Powders were manufactured via spray drying method from water based solution, with raw materials ammonium meta tungstate (AMT) as a tungsten source, glycine as a carbon source and cobalt acetate as a cobolt source. Dried products were heat treated in Ar atmospheres. The thermal decomposition of the precursors was studied by using thermogravimetry (TGA) and evolved gas analysis with interconnected mass spectrometer. The morphology and particle size were studied with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and laser diffraction, and phase structures were analyzed by an X-ray diffractometry (XRD). Carbon and oxygen content were analysed with LECO CS-230 with an infrared detector.

KW - ProperPart

UR - http://www.ecers2015.org/

M3 - Conference abstract in proceedings

BT - ECerS 2015

ER -