Synthetic NPA diagnostic for energetic particles in JET plasmas

J. Varje, P. Sirén, H. Weisen, T. Kurki-Suonio, S. Äkäslompolo, J. E.T. Contributors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Neutral particle analysis (NPA) is one of the few methods for diagnosing fast ions inside a plasma by measuring neutral atom fluxes emitted due to charge exchange reactions. The JET tokamak features an NPA diagnostic which measures neutral atom fluxes and energy spectra simultaneously for hydrogen, deuterium and tritium species. A synthetic NPA diagnostic has been developed and used to interpret these measurements to diagnose energetic particles in JET plasmas with neutral beam injection (NBI) heating. The synthetic NPA diagnostic performs a Monte Carlo calculation of the neutral atom fluxes in a realistic geometry. The 4D fast ion distributions, representing NBI ions, were simulated using the Monte Carlo orbit-following code ASCOT. Neutral atom density profiles were calculated using the FRANTIC neutral code in the JINTRAC modelling suite. Additionally, for rapid analysis, a scan of neutral profiles was precalculated with FRANTIC for a range of typical plasma parameters. These were taken from the JETPEAK database, which includes a comprehensive set of data from the flat-top phases of nearly all discharges in recent JET campaigns. The synthetic diagnostic was applied to various JET plasmas in the recent hydrogen campaign where different hydrogen/deuterium mixtures and NBI configurations were used. The simulated neutral fluxes from the fast ion distributions were found to agree with the measured fluxes, reproducing the slowing-down profiles for different beam isotopes and energies and quantitatively estimating the fraction of hydrogen and deuterium fast ions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberC11025
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
Event2nd European Conference on Plasma Diagnostics, ECPD 2017 - Bordeaux, France
Duration: 18 Apr 201721 Apr 2017

Fingerprint

neutral particles
energetic particles
neutral atoms
Diagnostics
Plasma
beam injection
Fluxes
Plasmas
neutral beams
Deuterium
Ions
deuterium
Atoms
Hydrogen
ion distribution
hydrogen
profiles
ions
Tritium
tritium

Keywords

  • Analysis and statistical methods
  • Nuclear instruments and methods for hot plasma diagnostics
  • Simulation methods and programs

Cite this

Varje, J., Sirén, P., Weisen, H., Kurki-Suonio, T., Äkäslompolo, S., & Contributors, J. E. T. (2017). Synthetic NPA diagnostic for energetic particles in JET plasmas. Journal of Instrumentation, 12(11), [C11025]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/11/C11025
Varje, J. ; Sirén, P. ; Weisen, H. ; Kurki-Suonio, T. ; Äkäslompolo, S. ; Contributors, J. E.T. / Synthetic NPA diagnostic for energetic particles in JET plasmas. In: Journal of Instrumentation. 2017 ; Vol. 12, No. 11.
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Varje, J, Sirén, P, Weisen, H, Kurki-Suonio, T, Äkäslompolo, S & Contributors, JET 2017, 'Synthetic NPA diagnostic for energetic particles in JET plasmas', Journal of Instrumentation, vol. 12, no. 11, C11025. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/11/C11025

Synthetic NPA diagnostic for energetic particles in JET plasmas. / Varje, J.; Sirén, P.; Weisen, H.; Kurki-Suonio, T.; Äkäslompolo, S.; Contributors, J. E.T.

In: Journal of Instrumentation, Vol. 12, No. 11, C11025, 22.11.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Synthetic NPA diagnostic for energetic particles in JET plasmas

AU - Varje, J.

AU - Sirén, P.

AU - Weisen, H.

AU - Kurki-Suonio, T.

AU - Äkäslompolo, S.

AU - Contributors, J. E.T.

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AB - Neutral particle analysis (NPA) is one of the few methods for diagnosing fast ions inside a plasma by measuring neutral atom fluxes emitted due to charge exchange reactions. The JET tokamak features an NPA diagnostic which measures neutral atom fluxes and energy spectra simultaneously for hydrogen, deuterium and tritium species. A synthetic NPA diagnostic has been developed and used to interpret these measurements to diagnose energetic particles in JET plasmas with neutral beam injection (NBI) heating. The synthetic NPA diagnostic performs a Monte Carlo calculation of the neutral atom fluxes in a realistic geometry. The 4D fast ion distributions, representing NBI ions, were simulated using the Monte Carlo orbit-following code ASCOT. Neutral atom density profiles were calculated using the FRANTIC neutral code in the JINTRAC modelling suite. Additionally, for rapid analysis, a scan of neutral profiles was precalculated with FRANTIC for a range of typical plasma parameters. These were taken from the JETPEAK database, which includes a comprehensive set of data from the flat-top phases of nearly all discharges in recent JET campaigns. The synthetic diagnostic was applied to various JET plasmas in the recent hydrogen campaign where different hydrogen/deuterium mixtures and NBI configurations were used. The simulated neutral fluxes from the fast ion distributions were found to agree with the measured fluxes, reproducing the slowing-down profiles for different beam isotopes and energies and quantitatively estimating the fraction of hydrogen and deuterium fast ions.

KW - Analysis and statistical methods

KW - Nuclear instruments and methods for hot plasma diagnostics

KW - Simulation methods and programs

U2 - 10.1088/1748-0221/12/11/C11025

DO - 10.1088/1748-0221/12/11/C11025

M3 - Article

VL - 12

JO - Journal of Instrumentation

JF - Journal of Instrumentation

SN - 1748-0221

IS - 11

M1 - C11025

ER -

Varje J, Sirén P, Weisen H, Kurki-Suonio T, Äkäslompolo S, Contributors JET. Synthetic NPA diagnostic for energetic particles in JET plasmas. Journal of Instrumentation. 2017 Nov 22;12(11). C11025. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/11/C11025