Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms

Riitta Molarius, Minna Räikkönen, Kalevi Piira, Pekka Tuomaala, C. Aubrecht, M. Polese, G. Zuccaro, Kalev Rannat

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extreme winter storms in Northern regions consist of heavy snowfall, strong wind, and cold weather. Besides causing short-term disruptions, they may cause serious and long-lasting consequences to societies in these regions. They disrupt society's normal interactions, especially in sparsely populated areas, due to snow-blocked roads, which isolate people and prevent rescue operations in emergencies. Winter storms accumulate snow on power lines, causing damage to the electricity and communication networks. Finally, if the electricity is cut off due to the snow load and falling trees, all the houses without wood-burning stoves are at risk of cooling down. Hence, citizens are in danger of hypothermia if they cannot move, or be evacuated, to safer places. In tourist areas, foreign tourists are even more vulnerable. Usually, they are not able to follow the authorities' warnings because of different languages and cultures, and they don't necessarily know how to dress against cold weather. Winter storms also increase the maintenance costs of electricity networks, roads, and railways, inflicting delay costs, and posing delays in logistics systems. In cities, the heavy snowfall creates problems in maintaining functional infrastructure, as roads and streets become blocked because of the amounts of snow and parked vehicles covered with snow.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSecond International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds)
Place of PublicationLiverpool, UK
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers ASCE
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-5905-48-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventSecond International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM) and the Sixth International Symposium on Uncertainty, Modeling, and Analysis (ISUMA)
ICVRAM2014
- Liverpool, United Kingdom
Duration: 13 Jul 201416 Jul 2014

Conference

ConferenceSecond International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM) and the Sixth International Symposium on Uncertainty, Modeling, and Analysis (ISUMA)
ICVRAM2014
Abbreviated titleICVRAM2014
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLiverpool
Period13/07/1416/07/14

Fingerprint

vulnerability
snow
winter
electricity
road
weather
power line
communication network
cost
logistics
infrastructure
analysis
cooling
damage
cold

Keywords

  • systemic vulnerability
  • electricity networks
  • winter storm
  • Finland
  • CRISMA

Cite this

Molarius, R., Räikkönen, M., Piira, K., Tuomaala, P., Aubrecht, C., Polese, M., ... Rannat, K. (2014). Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms. In Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds) Liverpool, UK: American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413609.062
Molarius, Riitta ; Räikkönen, Minna ; Piira, Kalevi ; Tuomaala, Pekka ; Aubrecht, C. ; Polese, M. ; Zuccaro, G. ; Rannat, Kalev. / Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms. Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds). Liverpool, UK : American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE, 2014.
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title = "Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms",
abstract = "Extreme winter storms in Northern regions consist of heavy snowfall, strong wind, and cold weather. Besides causing short-term disruptions, they may cause serious and long-lasting consequences to societies in these regions. They disrupt society's normal interactions, especially in sparsely populated areas, due to snow-blocked roads, which isolate people and prevent rescue operations in emergencies. Winter storms accumulate snow on power lines, causing damage to the electricity and communication networks. Finally, if the electricity is cut off due to the snow load and falling trees, all the houses without wood-burning stoves are at risk of cooling down. Hence, citizens are in danger of hypothermia if they cannot move, or be evacuated, to safer places. In tourist areas, foreign tourists are even more vulnerable. Usually, they are not able to follow the authorities' warnings because of different languages and cultures, and they don't necessarily know how to dress against cold weather. Winter storms also increase the maintenance costs of electricity networks, roads, and railways, inflicting delay costs, and posing delays in logistics systems. In cities, the heavy snowfall creates problems in maintaining functional infrastructure, as roads and streets become blocked because of the amounts of snow and parked vehicles covered with snow.",
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author = "Riitta Molarius and Minna R{\"a}ikk{\"o}nen and Kalevi Piira and Pekka Tuomaala and C. Aubrecht and M. Polese and G. Zuccaro and Kalev Rannat",
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Molarius, R, Räikkönen, M, Piira, K, Tuomaala, P, Aubrecht, C, Polese, M, Zuccaro, G & Rannat, K 2014, Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms. in Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds). American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE, Liverpool, UK, Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM) and the Sixth International Symposium on Uncertainty, Modeling, and Analysis (ISUMA)
ICVRAM2014, Liverpool, United Kingdom, 13/07/14. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413609.062

Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms. / Molarius, Riitta; Räikkönen, Minna; Piira, Kalevi; Tuomaala, Pekka; Aubrecht, C.; Polese, M.; Zuccaro, G.; Rannat, Kalev.

Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds). Liverpool, UK : American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE, 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms

AU - Molarius, Riitta

AU - Räikkönen, Minna

AU - Piira, Kalevi

AU - Tuomaala, Pekka

AU - Aubrecht, C.

AU - Polese, M.

AU - Zuccaro, G.

AU - Rannat, Kalev

N1 - Project code: 72677

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N2 - Extreme winter storms in Northern regions consist of heavy snowfall, strong wind, and cold weather. Besides causing short-term disruptions, they may cause serious and long-lasting consequences to societies in these regions. They disrupt society's normal interactions, especially in sparsely populated areas, due to snow-blocked roads, which isolate people and prevent rescue operations in emergencies. Winter storms accumulate snow on power lines, causing damage to the electricity and communication networks. Finally, if the electricity is cut off due to the snow load and falling trees, all the houses without wood-burning stoves are at risk of cooling down. Hence, citizens are in danger of hypothermia if they cannot move, or be evacuated, to safer places. In tourist areas, foreign tourists are even more vulnerable. Usually, they are not able to follow the authorities' warnings because of different languages and cultures, and they don't necessarily know how to dress against cold weather. Winter storms also increase the maintenance costs of electricity networks, roads, and railways, inflicting delay costs, and posing delays in logistics systems. In cities, the heavy snowfall creates problems in maintaining functional infrastructure, as roads and streets become blocked because of the amounts of snow and parked vehicles covered with snow.

AB - Extreme winter storms in Northern regions consist of heavy snowfall, strong wind, and cold weather. Besides causing short-term disruptions, they may cause serious and long-lasting consequences to societies in these regions. They disrupt society's normal interactions, especially in sparsely populated areas, due to snow-blocked roads, which isolate people and prevent rescue operations in emergencies. Winter storms accumulate snow on power lines, causing damage to the electricity and communication networks. Finally, if the electricity is cut off due to the snow load and falling trees, all the houses without wood-burning stoves are at risk of cooling down. Hence, citizens are in danger of hypothermia if they cannot move, or be evacuated, to safer places. In tourist areas, foreign tourists are even more vulnerable. Usually, they are not able to follow the authorities' warnings because of different languages and cultures, and they don't necessarily know how to dress against cold weather. Winter storms also increase the maintenance costs of electricity networks, roads, and railways, inflicting delay costs, and posing delays in logistics systems. In cities, the heavy snowfall creates problems in maintaining functional infrastructure, as roads and streets become blocked because of the amounts of snow and parked vehicles covered with snow.

KW - systemic vulnerability

KW - electricity networks

KW - winter storm

KW - Finland

KW - CRISMA

U2 - 10.1061/9780784413609.062

DO - 10.1061/9780784413609.062

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

BT - Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds)

PB - American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE

CY - Liverpool, UK

ER -

Molarius R, Räikkönen M, Piira K, Tuomaala P, Aubrecht C, Polese M et al. Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms. In Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds). Liverpool, UK: American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE. 2014 https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413609.062