Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms

Riitta Molarius, Minna Räikkönen, Kalevi Piira, Pekka Tuomaala, C. Aubrecht, M. Polese, G. Zuccaro, Kalev Rannat

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Extreme winter storms in Northern regions consist of heavy snowfall, strong wind, and cold weather. Besides causing short-term disruptions, they may cause serious and long-lasting consequences to societies in these regions. They disrupt society's normal interactions, especially in sparsely populated areas, due to snow-blocked roads, which isolate people and prevent rescue operations in emergencies. Winter storms accumulate snow on power lines, causing damage to the electricity and communication networks. Finally, if the electricity is cut off due to the snow load and falling trees, all the houses without wood-burning stoves are at risk of cooling down. Hence, citizens are in danger of hypothermia if they cannot move, or be evacuated, to safer places. In tourist areas, foreign tourists are even more vulnerable. Usually, they are not able to follow the authorities' warnings because of different languages and cultures, and they don't necessarily know how to dress against cold weather. Winter storms also increase the maintenance costs of electricity networks, roads, and railways, inflicting delay costs, and posing delays in logistics systems. In cities, the heavy snowfall creates problems in maintaining functional infrastructure, as roads and streets become blocked because of the amounts of snow and parked vehicles covered with snow.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSecond International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds)
    Place of PublicationLiverpool, UK
    PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers ASCE
    ISBN (Electronic)978-952-5905-48-9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventSecond International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM) and the Sixth International Symposium on Uncertainty, Modeling, and Analysis (ISUMA)
    ICVRAM2014
    - Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Duration: 13 Jul 201416 Jul 2014

    Conference

    ConferenceSecond International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM) and the Sixth International Symposium on Uncertainty, Modeling, and Analysis (ISUMA)
    ICVRAM2014
    Abbreviated titleICVRAM2014
    CountryUnited Kingdom
    CityLiverpool
    Period13/07/1416/07/14

    Fingerprint

    vulnerability
    snow
    winter
    electricity
    road
    weather
    power line
    communication network
    cost
    logistics
    infrastructure
    analysis
    cooling
    damage
    cold

    Keywords

    • systemic vulnerability
    • electricity networks
    • winter storm
    • Finland
    • CRISMA

    Cite this

    Molarius, R., Räikkönen, M., Piira, K., Tuomaala, P., Aubrecht, C., Polese, M., ... Rannat, K. (2014). Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms. In Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds) Liverpool, UK: American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413609.062
    Molarius, Riitta ; Räikkönen, Minna ; Piira, Kalevi ; Tuomaala, Pekka ; Aubrecht, C. ; Polese, M. ; Zuccaro, G. ; Rannat, Kalev. / Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms. Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds). Liverpool, UK : American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE, 2014.
    @inproceedings{a7602fdfff804e16883c44ee919a8d36,
    title = "Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms",
    abstract = "Extreme winter storms in Northern regions consist of heavy snowfall, strong wind, and cold weather. Besides causing short-term disruptions, they may cause serious and long-lasting consequences to societies in these regions. They disrupt society's normal interactions, especially in sparsely populated areas, due to snow-blocked roads, which isolate people and prevent rescue operations in emergencies. Winter storms accumulate snow on power lines, causing damage to the electricity and communication networks. Finally, if the electricity is cut off due to the snow load and falling trees, all the houses without wood-burning stoves are at risk of cooling down. Hence, citizens are in danger of hypothermia if they cannot move, or be evacuated, to safer places. In tourist areas, foreign tourists are even more vulnerable. Usually, they are not able to follow the authorities' warnings because of different languages and cultures, and they don't necessarily know how to dress against cold weather. Winter storms also increase the maintenance costs of electricity networks, roads, and railways, inflicting delay costs, and posing delays in logistics systems. In cities, the heavy snowfall creates problems in maintaining functional infrastructure, as roads and streets become blocked because of the amounts of snow and parked vehicles covered with snow.",
    keywords = "systemic vulnerability, electricity networks, winter storm, Finland, CRISMA",
    author = "Riitta Molarius and Minna R{\"a}ikk{\"o}nen and Kalevi Piira and Pekka Tuomaala and C. Aubrecht and M. Polese and G. Zuccaro and Kalev Rannat",
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    Molarius, R, Räikkönen, M, Piira, K, Tuomaala, P, Aubrecht, C, Polese, M, Zuccaro, G & Rannat, K 2014, Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms. in Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds). American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE, Liverpool, UK, Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM) and the Sixth International Symposium on Uncertainty, Modeling, and Analysis (ISUMA)
    ICVRAM2014, Liverpool, United Kingdom, 13/07/14. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413609.062

    Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms. / Molarius, Riitta; Räikkönen, Minna; Piira, Kalevi; Tuomaala, Pekka; Aubrecht, C.; Polese, M.; Zuccaro, G.; Rannat, Kalev.

    Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds). Liverpool, UK : American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE, 2014.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms

    AU - Molarius, Riitta

    AU - Räikkönen, Minna

    AU - Piira, Kalevi

    AU - Tuomaala, Pekka

    AU - Aubrecht, C.

    AU - Polese, M.

    AU - Zuccaro, G.

    AU - Rannat, Kalev

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    N2 - Extreme winter storms in Northern regions consist of heavy snowfall, strong wind, and cold weather. Besides causing short-term disruptions, they may cause serious and long-lasting consequences to societies in these regions. They disrupt society's normal interactions, especially in sparsely populated areas, due to snow-blocked roads, which isolate people and prevent rescue operations in emergencies. Winter storms accumulate snow on power lines, causing damage to the electricity and communication networks. Finally, if the electricity is cut off due to the snow load and falling trees, all the houses without wood-burning stoves are at risk of cooling down. Hence, citizens are in danger of hypothermia if they cannot move, or be evacuated, to safer places. In tourist areas, foreign tourists are even more vulnerable. Usually, they are not able to follow the authorities' warnings because of different languages and cultures, and they don't necessarily know how to dress against cold weather. Winter storms also increase the maintenance costs of electricity networks, roads, and railways, inflicting delay costs, and posing delays in logistics systems. In cities, the heavy snowfall creates problems in maintaining functional infrastructure, as roads and streets become blocked because of the amounts of snow and parked vehicles covered with snow.

    AB - Extreme winter storms in Northern regions consist of heavy snowfall, strong wind, and cold weather. Besides causing short-term disruptions, they may cause serious and long-lasting consequences to societies in these regions. They disrupt society's normal interactions, especially in sparsely populated areas, due to snow-blocked roads, which isolate people and prevent rescue operations in emergencies. Winter storms accumulate snow on power lines, causing damage to the electricity and communication networks. Finally, if the electricity is cut off due to the snow load and falling trees, all the houses without wood-burning stoves are at risk of cooling down. Hence, citizens are in danger of hypothermia if they cannot move, or be evacuated, to safer places. In tourist areas, foreign tourists are even more vulnerable. Usually, they are not able to follow the authorities' warnings because of different languages and cultures, and they don't necessarily know how to dress against cold weather. Winter storms also increase the maintenance costs of electricity networks, roads, and railways, inflicting delay costs, and posing delays in logistics systems. In cities, the heavy snowfall creates problems in maintaining functional infrastructure, as roads and streets become blocked because of the amounts of snow and parked vehicles covered with snow.

    KW - systemic vulnerability

    KW - electricity networks

    KW - winter storm

    KW - Finland

    KW - CRISMA

    U2 - 10.1061/9780784413609.062

    DO - 10.1061/9780784413609.062

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    BT - Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds)

    PB - American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE

    CY - Liverpool, UK

    ER -

    Molarius R, Räikkönen M, Piira K, Tuomaala P, Aubrecht C, Polese M et al. Systemic vulnerability and resilience analysis of electric and transport network failure in cases of extreme winter storms. In Second International Conference on Vulnerability and Risk Analysis and Management (ICVRAM2014). Michael Beer, Ivan S.K. Au & Jim W. Hall (eds). Liverpool, UK: American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE. 2014 https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413609.062