Systems thinking applied to safety culture approach in Finland

Nadezhda Gotcheva, Pia Oedewald, Marja Ylönen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter describes how systems thinking is applied to safety culture approach by the Finnish nuclear safety research and in regulatory practice. Systemic approach to safety implies considering the system as a whole, as well as the interactions and interconnections between its various elements-human, technology, organization, and context-rather than considering single elements in isolation. Previous research indicated that systems thinking is important for ensuring nuclear safety. We specify the approach to safety culture assessment and development, as developed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland over the last decades, shown in the methodology for Contextual Assessment of Organizational Culture and Design for Integrated Safety Culture framework. The chapter also describes basic premises of the safety culture oversight conducted by the Finnish regulatory body. We conclude by discussing some future research directions regarding a systemic approach to safety in complex safety-critical systems.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman Factors in the Nuclear Industry
Subtitle of host publicationA Systemic Approach to Safety
EditorsAnna-Maria Teperi, Nadezhda Gotcheva
PublisherWoodhead Publishing
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9780128159743
ISBN (Print)978-0-08-102845-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book


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