Tar-decomposing activity of carbonate rocks under high CO2 partial pressure

Pekka Simell, Jukka Leppälahti, Esa Kurkela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tar-decomposing activities of dolomites and limestones in calcined and carbonated forms were compared. Tests were carried out in a fixed-bed tube reactor at 900°C under 2 MPa total pressure using an N2H2OCO2 gas mixture. Toluene was used as a tar model compound. The calcined rocks decomposed toluene efficiently, but activity was almost totally lost in the carbonated form. This decline of activity took place as soon as the CO2 partial pressure exceeded the equilibrium decomposition pressure of CaCO3. However, even in the carbonated form, the materials decomposed polyaromatics more efficiently than did an inert reference material. With a mixture of the main components of gasifier product gas and in the range 900–1000°C, the tar-decomposing activity was similarly lost under conditions in which the dolomite sample was carbonated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)938-945
JournalFuel
Volume74
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Tars
Carbonates
Tar
Partial pressure
Rocks
Toluene
Calcium Carbonate
Limestone
Gas mixtures
Gases
Decomposition
dolomite

Cite this

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title = "Tar-decomposing activity of carbonate rocks under high CO2 partial pressure",
abstract = "The tar-decomposing activities of dolomites and limestones in calcined and carbonated forms were compared. Tests were carried out in a fixed-bed tube reactor at 900°C under 2 MPa total pressure using an N2H2OCO2 gas mixture. Toluene was used as a tar model compound. The calcined rocks decomposed toluene efficiently, but activity was almost totally lost in the carbonated form. This decline of activity took place as soon as the CO2 partial pressure exceeded the equilibrium decomposition pressure of CaCO3. However, even in the carbonated form, the materials decomposed polyaromatics more efficiently than did an inert reference material. With a mixture of the main components of gasifier product gas and in the range 900–1000°C, the tar-decomposing activity was similarly lost under conditions in which the dolomite sample was carbonated.",
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Tar-decomposing activity of carbonate rocks under high CO2 partial pressure. / Simell, Pekka; Leppälahti, Jukka; Kurkela, Esa.

In: Fuel, Vol. 74, No. 6, 1995, p. 938-945.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tar-decomposing activity of carbonate rocks under high CO2 partial pressure

AU - Simell, Pekka

AU - Leppälahti, Jukka

AU - Kurkela, Esa

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - The tar-decomposing activities of dolomites and limestones in calcined and carbonated forms were compared. Tests were carried out in a fixed-bed tube reactor at 900°C under 2 MPa total pressure using an N2H2OCO2 gas mixture. Toluene was used as a tar model compound. The calcined rocks decomposed toluene efficiently, but activity was almost totally lost in the carbonated form. This decline of activity took place as soon as the CO2 partial pressure exceeded the equilibrium decomposition pressure of CaCO3. However, even in the carbonated form, the materials decomposed polyaromatics more efficiently than did an inert reference material. With a mixture of the main components of gasifier product gas and in the range 900–1000°C, the tar-decomposing activity was similarly lost under conditions in which the dolomite sample was carbonated.

AB - The tar-decomposing activities of dolomites and limestones in calcined and carbonated forms were compared. Tests were carried out in a fixed-bed tube reactor at 900°C under 2 MPa total pressure using an N2H2OCO2 gas mixture. Toluene was used as a tar model compound. The calcined rocks decomposed toluene efficiently, but activity was almost totally lost in the carbonated form. This decline of activity took place as soon as the CO2 partial pressure exceeded the equilibrium decomposition pressure of CaCO3. However, even in the carbonated form, the materials decomposed polyaromatics more efficiently than did an inert reference material. With a mixture of the main components of gasifier product gas and in the range 900–1000°C, the tar-decomposing activity was similarly lost under conditions in which the dolomite sample was carbonated.

U2 - 10.1016/0016-2361(95)00012-T

DO - 10.1016/0016-2361(95)00012-T

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