Tar Guideline. A standard method for measurement of tars and particles in biomass producer gases

John Neeft, Sander van Paasen, Harrie Knoef, Gert-Jan Buffinga, Uwe Zielke, Krister Sjöström, Claes Brage, Philipp Hasler, Pekka Simell, Marjut Suomalainen, Mark Dorrington, Lesley Thomas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

This paper reports on a Guideline (formerly Protocol) for sampling and analysis of tars from biomass producer gases. This Guideline was developed in a project in the European Fifth Framework Programme with additional partners from Switzerland and North America. In this paper, the final outline of the Guideline is given. This outline has been developed based on R&D work performed by the project partners, which was not performed in the EU project but was co-ordinated from it. Highlights of the R&D work are shown in this paper, which are the finding that formation and subsequent poor separation of tar aerosols are a major cause of poor collection efficiencies when sampling tars. The use of glass frits and the use of a higher temperature in the first impinger bottles avoid this problem of aerosol breakthrough. Tar measurements performed by the Guideline have been compared with tar measurements performed by the SPA method. The two methods basically give the same result for tar compounds ranging from phenol up to pyrene. For larger compounds, a deviation is seen. This paper does not contain the full text of the Guideline. This full text is available on the Internet at www.tarweb.net. Also the report on R&D results can be found on this Web Site.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002
PublisherETA-Florence Renewable Energies
Pages469 - 472
ISBN (Print)88-900442-5-X, 3-936338-10-8
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
Event12th European Conference and Exhibition on Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 17 Jun 200221 Jun 2002
Conference number: 12

Conference

Conference12th European Conference and Exhibition on Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection
CountryNetherlands
CityAmsterdam
Period17/06/0221/06/02

Fingerprint

Gas producers
Tar
Biomass
Aerosols
Sampling
Pyrene
Bottles
Phenols
Websites
Internet
Network protocols
Glass

Keywords

  • aerosols
  • gasification
  • gas cleaning
  • tar
  • tar removal

Cite this

Neeft, J., Paasen, S. V., Knoef, H., Buffinga, G-J., Zielke, U., Sjöström, K., ... Thomas, L. (2002). Tar Guideline. A standard method for measurement of tars and particles in biomass producer gases. In EUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002 (pp. 469 - 472). ETA-Florence Renewable Energies.
Neeft, John ; Paasen, Sander van ; Knoef, Harrie ; Buffinga, Gert-Jan ; Zielke, Uwe ; Sjöström, Krister ; Brage, Claes ; Hasler, Philipp ; Simell, Pekka ; Suomalainen, Marjut ; Dorrington, Mark ; Thomas, Lesley. / Tar Guideline. A standard method for measurement of tars and particles in biomass producer gases. EUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, 2002. pp. 469 - 472
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title = "Tar Guideline. A standard method for measurement of tars and particles in biomass producer gases",
abstract = "This paper reports on a Guideline (formerly Protocol) for sampling and analysis of tars from biomass producer gases. This Guideline was developed in a project in the European Fifth Framework Programme with additional partners from Switzerland and North America. In this paper, the final outline of the Guideline is given. This outline has been developed based on R&D work performed by the project partners, which was not performed in the EU project but was co-ordinated from it. Highlights of the R&D work are shown in this paper, which are the finding that formation and subsequent poor separation of tar aerosols are a major cause of poor collection efficiencies when sampling tars. The use of glass frits and the use of a higher temperature in the first impinger bottles avoid this problem of aerosol breakthrough. Tar measurements performed by the Guideline have been compared with tar measurements performed by the SPA method. The two methods basically give the same result for tar compounds ranging from phenol up to pyrene. For larger compounds, a deviation is seen. This paper does not contain the full text of the Guideline. This full text is available on the Internet at www.tarweb.net. Also the report on R&D results can be found on this Web Site.",
keywords = "aerosols, gasification, gas cleaning, tar, tar removal",
author = "John Neeft and Paasen, {Sander van} and Harrie Knoef and Gert-Jan Buffinga and Uwe Zielke and Krister Sj{\"o}str{\"o}m and Claes Brage and Philipp Hasler and Pekka Simell and Marjut Suomalainen and Mark Dorrington and Lesley Thomas",
year = "2002",
language = "English",
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publisher = "ETA-Florence Renewable Energies",
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Neeft, J, Paasen, SV, Knoef, H, Buffinga, G-J, Zielke, U, Sjöström, K, Brage, C, Hasler, P, Simell, P, Suomalainen, M, Dorrington, M & Thomas, L 2002, Tar Guideline. A standard method for measurement of tars and particles in biomass producer gases. in EUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, pp. 469 - 472, 12th European Conference and Exhibition on Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 17/06/02.

Tar Guideline. A standard method for measurement of tars and particles in biomass producer gases. / Neeft, John; Paasen, Sander van; Knoef, Harrie; Buffinga, Gert-Jan; Zielke, Uwe; Sjöström, Krister; Brage, Claes; Hasler, Philipp; Simell, Pekka; Suomalainen, Marjut; Dorrington, Mark; Thomas, Lesley.

EUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, 2002. p. 469 - 472.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Tar Guideline. A standard method for measurement of tars and particles in biomass producer gases

AU - Neeft, John

AU - Paasen, Sander van

AU - Knoef, Harrie

AU - Buffinga, Gert-Jan

AU - Zielke, Uwe

AU - Sjöström, Krister

AU - Brage, Claes

AU - Hasler, Philipp

AU - Simell, Pekka

AU - Suomalainen, Marjut

AU - Dorrington, Mark

AU - Thomas, Lesley

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - This paper reports on a Guideline (formerly Protocol) for sampling and analysis of tars from biomass producer gases. This Guideline was developed in a project in the European Fifth Framework Programme with additional partners from Switzerland and North America. In this paper, the final outline of the Guideline is given. This outline has been developed based on R&D work performed by the project partners, which was not performed in the EU project but was co-ordinated from it. Highlights of the R&D work are shown in this paper, which are the finding that formation and subsequent poor separation of tar aerosols are a major cause of poor collection efficiencies when sampling tars. The use of glass frits and the use of a higher temperature in the first impinger bottles avoid this problem of aerosol breakthrough. Tar measurements performed by the Guideline have been compared with tar measurements performed by the SPA method. The two methods basically give the same result for tar compounds ranging from phenol up to pyrene. For larger compounds, a deviation is seen. This paper does not contain the full text of the Guideline. This full text is available on the Internet at www.tarweb.net. Also the report on R&D results can be found on this Web Site.

AB - This paper reports on a Guideline (formerly Protocol) for sampling and analysis of tars from biomass producer gases. This Guideline was developed in a project in the European Fifth Framework Programme with additional partners from Switzerland and North America. In this paper, the final outline of the Guideline is given. This outline has been developed based on R&D work performed by the project partners, which was not performed in the EU project but was co-ordinated from it. Highlights of the R&D work are shown in this paper, which are the finding that formation and subsequent poor separation of tar aerosols are a major cause of poor collection efficiencies when sampling tars. The use of glass frits and the use of a higher temperature in the first impinger bottles avoid this problem of aerosol breakthrough. Tar measurements performed by the Guideline have been compared with tar measurements performed by the SPA method. The two methods basically give the same result for tar compounds ranging from phenol up to pyrene. For larger compounds, a deviation is seen. This paper does not contain the full text of the Guideline. This full text is available on the Internet at www.tarweb.net. Also the report on R&D results can be found on this Web Site.

KW - aerosols

KW - gasification

KW - gas cleaning

KW - tar

KW - tar removal

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 88-900442-5-X

SN - 3-936338-10-8

SP - 469

EP - 472

BT - EUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002

PB - ETA-Florence Renewable Energies

ER -

Neeft J, Paasen SV, Knoef H, Buffinga G-J, Zielke U, Sjöström K et al. Tar Guideline. A standard method for measurement of tars and particles in biomass producer gases. In EUBCE Conference Proceedings 2002. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies. 2002. p. 469 - 472