Targeted modification of fibre surface properties

Anna Suurnäkki, Tarja Oksanen, Stina Grönqvist, M. Orlandi, C. Canevali, Jaakko Pere, Liisa Viikari

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    The properties of fibre products are determined by the physical and chemical properties of the fibres and the chemical additives used in the processing. The fibre surface chemistry has a profound influence on the binding properties of fibres. Attempts to modify fibre properties by chemical or physical grafting of cellulose and lignin by radical reactions started already in 1940's. Bonding of chemical components to lignocellulosic fibre materials can currently be carried out by chemical, enzymatic and chemo-enzymatic functionalisation methods. The benefit of enzyme-based methods over purely chemical methods is in their surface specificity and in the preservation of important chemical and physical fibre properties, such as strength. Enzymes alone or in combination with chemical or mechanical treatments have a significant potential in fibre modification. The general targets of fibre modification are to improve the processing of fibres in pulping and papermaking or to improve the properties of the final product. By fibre modification the current properties can be improved or completely new, tailor made properties can be created to the fibres. The real challenge for commercial successes is to identify superior enzymes and their applications and at the same time to keep the enzyme treatment cost in an acceptable level.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication59th Appita Annual Conference and Exhibition: Incorporating the 13th ISWFPC (International Symposium on Wood, Fibre and Pulping Chemistry), Auckland, New Zealand, 16-19 May 2005
    Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
    PublisherAppita
    Pages315 - 316
    ISBN (Electronic)0-95855489-7
    Publication statusPublished - 2005
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event59th Appita Annual Conference and Exhibition: Incorporating the 13th ISWFPC (International Symposium on Wood, Fibre and Pulping Chemistry) - Auckland, New Zealand
    Duration: 16 May 200519 May 2005
    Conference number: 59

    Publication series

    SeriesAppita Annual Conference Proceedings
    ISSN1443-5454

    Conference

    Conference59th Appita Annual Conference and Exhibition
    Country/TerritoryNew Zealand
    CityAuckland
    Period16/05/0519/05/05

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