Techniques for wide-area mapping of forest biomass using radar data: Dissertation

    Research output: ThesisDissertation

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aspects of forest biomass mapping using SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) data were studied in study sites in northern Sweden, Germany, and south-eastern Finland. Terrain topography - via the area of a resolution cell - accounted for 61 percent of the total variation in a Seasat (L-band) SAR scene in a hilly and mountainous study site. A methodology - based on least squares adjustment of tie point and ground control point observations in a multi-temporal SAR mosaic dataset - produced a tie point RMSE (Root Mean Square Error) of 56 m and a GCP RMSE of 240 m in the African mosaic of the GRFM (Global Rain Forest Mapping) project. The mosaic consisted of 3624 JERS SAR scenes. A calibration revision methodology - also based on least squares adjustment and points in overlap areas between scenes - removed a calibration artifact of about 1 dB. A systematic search of the highest correlation between forest stem volume and backscattering amplitude was conducted over all combinations of transmit and receive polarisations in three AIRSAR scenes in a German study site. In the P-band, a high and narrow peak around HV-polarisation was found, where the correlation coefficient was 0.75, 0.59, and 0.71 in scenes acquired in August 1989, June 1991, and July 1991, respectively. In other polarisations of P-band, the correlation coefficient was lower. In L-band, the polarisation response was more flat and correlations lower, between 0.54 and 0.70 for stands with a stem volume 100 m3/ha or less. Three summer-time JERS SAR scenes produced very similar regression models between forest stem volume and backscattering amplitude in a study site in south-eastern Finland. A model was proposed for wide area biomass mapping when biomass accuracy requirements are not high. A multi-date regression model employing three summer scenes and three winter scenes produced a multiple correlation coefficient of 0.85 and a stem volume estimation RMSE of 41.3m3/ha. JERS SAR scenes that were acquired in cold winter conditions produced very low correlations between stem volume and backscattering amplitude.
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor Degree
    Awarding Institution
    • Aalto University
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Haggren, Henrik, Supervisor, External person
    Award date17 Feb 2006
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    Publisher
    Print ISBNs951-38-6694-7
    Electronic ISBNs951-38-6695-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2005
    MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)

    Fingerprint

    synthetic aperture radar
    radar
    stem
    biomass
    polarization
    calibration
    Seasat
    methodology
    ground control
    winter
    summer
    artifact
    topography
    mosaic
    JERS

    Keywords

    • wide-area mapping
    • remote sensing
    • Synthetic Aperture Radar
    • forest biomass
    • SAR
    • Polarimetry
    • mosaicking
    • forests
    • backscattering

    Cite this

    Rauste, Yrjö. / Techniques for wide-area mapping of forest biomass using radar data : Dissertation. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2005. 178 p.
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    title = "Techniques for wide-area mapping of forest biomass using radar data: Dissertation",
    abstract = "Aspects of forest biomass mapping using SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) data were studied in study sites in northern Sweden, Germany, and south-eastern Finland. Terrain topography - via the area of a resolution cell - accounted for 61 percent of the total variation in a Seasat (L-band) SAR scene in a hilly and mountainous study site. A methodology - based on least squares adjustment of tie point and ground control point observations in a multi-temporal SAR mosaic dataset - produced a tie point RMSE (Root Mean Square Error) of 56 m and a GCP RMSE of 240 m in the African mosaic of the GRFM (Global Rain Forest Mapping) project. The mosaic consisted of 3624 JERS SAR scenes. A calibration revision methodology - also based on least squares adjustment and points in overlap areas between scenes - removed a calibration artifact of about 1 dB. A systematic search of the highest correlation between forest stem volume and backscattering amplitude was conducted over all combinations of transmit and receive polarisations in three AIRSAR scenes in a German study site. In the P-band, a high and narrow peak around HV-polarisation was found, where the correlation coefficient was 0.75, 0.59, and 0.71 in scenes acquired in August 1989, June 1991, and July 1991, respectively. In other polarisations of P-band, the correlation coefficient was lower. In L-band, the polarisation response was more flat and correlations lower, between 0.54 and 0.70 for stands with a stem volume 100 m3/ha or less. Three summer-time JERS SAR scenes produced very similar regression models between forest stem volume and backscattering amplitude in a study site in south-eastern Finland. A model was proposed for wide area biomass mapping when biomass accuracy requirements are not high. A multi-date regression model employing three summer scenes and three winter scenes produced a multiple correlation coefficient of 0.85 and a stem volume estimation RMSE of 41.3m3/ha. JERS SAR scenes that were acquired in cold winter conditions produced very low correlations between stem volume and backscattering amplitude.",
    keywords = "wide-area mapping, remote sensing, Synthetic Aperture Radar, forest biomass, SAR, Polarimetry, mosaicking, forests, backscattering",
    author = "Yrj{\"o} Rauste",
    note = "Project code: T5SU00716",
    year = "2005",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "951-38-6694-7",
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    publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
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    Techniques for wide-area mapping of forest biomass using radar data : Dissertation. / Rauste, Yrjö.

    Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2005. 178 p.

    Research output: ThesisDissertation

    TY - THES

    T1 - Techniques for wide-area mapping of forest biomass using radar data

    T2 - Dissertation

    AU - Rauste, Yrjö

    N1 - Project code: T5SU00716

    PY - 2005

    Y1 - 2005

    N2 - Aspects of forest biomass mapping using SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) data were studied in study sites in northern Sweden, Germany, and south-eastern Finland. Terrain topography - via the area of a resolution cell - accounted for 61 percent of the total variation in a Seasat (L-band) SAR scene in a hilly and mountainous study site. A methodology - based on least squares adjustment of tie point and ground control point observations in a multi-temporal SAR mosaic dataset - produced a tie point RMSE (Root Mean Square Error) of 56 m and a GCP RMSE of 240 m in the African mosaic of the GRFM (Global Rain Forest Mapping) project. The mosaic consisted of 3624 JERS SAR scenes. A calibration revision methodology - also based on least squares adjustment and points in overlap areas between scenes - removed a calibration artifact of about 1 dB. A systematic search of the highest correlation between forest stem volume and backscattering amplitude was conducted over all combinations of transmit and receive polarisations in three AIRSAR scenes in a German study site. In the P-band, a high and narrow peak around HV-polarisation was found, where the correlation coefficient was 0.75, 0.59, and 0.71 in scenes acquired in August 1989, June 1991, and July 1991, respectively. In other polarisations of P-band, the correlation coefficient was lower. In L-band, the polarisation response was more flat and correlations lower, between 0.54 and 0.70 for stands with a stem volume 100 m3/ha or less. Three summer-time JERS SAR scenes produced very similar regression models between forest stem volume and backscattering amplitude in a study site in south-eastern Finland. A model was proposed for wide area biomass mapping when biomass accuracy requirements are not high. A multi-date regression model employing three summer scenes and three winter scenes produced a multiple correlation coefficient of 0.85 and a stem volume estimation RMSE of 41.3m3/ha. JERS SAR scenes that were acquired in cold winter conditions produced very low correlations between stem volume and backscattering amplitude.

    AB - Aspects of forest biomass mapping using SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) data were studied in study sites in northern Sweden, Germany, and south-eastern Finland. Terrain topography - via the area of a resolution cell - accounted for 61 percent of the total variation in a Seasat (L-band) SAR scene in a hilly and mountainous study site. A methodology - based on least squares adjustment of tie point and ground control point observations in a multi-temporal SAR mosaic dataset - produced a tie point RMSE (Root Mean Square Error) of 56 m and a GCP RMSE of 240 m in the African mosaic of the GRFM (Global Rain Forest Mapping) project. The mosaic consisted of 3624 JERS SAR scenes. A calibration revision methodology - also based on least squares adjustment and points in overlap areas between scenes - removed a calibration artifact of about 1 dB. A systematic search of the highest correlation between forest stem volume and backscattering amplitude was conducted over all combinations of transmit and receive polarisations in three AIRSAR scenes in a German study site. In the P-band, a high and narrow peak around HV-polarisation was found, where the correlation coefficient was 0.75, 0.59, and 0.71 in scenes acquired in August 1989, June 1991, and July 1991, respectively. In other polarisations of P-band, the correlation coefficient was lower. In L-band, the polarisation response was more flat and correlations lower, between 0.54 and 0.70 for stands with a stem volume 100 m3/ha or less. Three summer-time JERS SAR scenes produced very similar regression models between forest stem volume and backscattering amplitude in a study site in south-eastern Finland. A model was proposed for wide area biomass mapping when biomass accuracy requirements are not high. A multi-date regression model employing three summer scenes and three winter scenes produced a multiple correlation coefficient of 0.85 and a stem volume estimation RMSE of 41.3m3/ha. JERS SAR scenes that were acquired in cold winter conditions produced very low correlations between stem volume and backscattering amplitude.

    KW - wide-area mapping

    KW - remote sensing

    KW - Synthetic Aperture Radar

    KW - forest biomass

    KW - SAR

    KW - Polarimetry

    KW - mosaicking

    KW - forests

    KW - backscattering

    M3 - Dissertation

    SN - 951-38-6694-7

    T3 - VTT Publications

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Rauste Y. Techniques for wide-area mapping of forest biomass using radar data: Dissertation. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2005. 178 p.