Technoeconomic assessment of direct biomass liquefaction to transportation fuels

David Elliott, E. Baker, David Beckman, Yrjö Solantausta, Virve Tulenheimo, S. Gevert, Christina Hörnell, Anders Östman, B. Kjellström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper discusses the results of a technoeconomic assessment of direct biomass liquefaction processes converting wood to gasoline and diesel fuels. The study was carried out by the Working Group of the International Energy Agency Direct Biomass Liquefaction Activity, in which Canada, Finland, Sweden, and the US participated. The processes chosen for detailed analysis were Atmospheric Flash Pyrolysis (AFP) and Liquefaction In Pressurized Solvent (LIPS). The assessment covered three steps for each process from feed to final product:
1. primary liquefaction to a crude oil product,
2. catalytic hydrotreating to upgrade the crude product to a deoxygenated product oil,
3. refining the deoxygenated product to gasoline and diesel fuel.
Present technology cases and potential future technology cases were evaluated. A consistent analytical basis was used throughout to allow comparison of the processes. This assessment shows that AFP is more economical than LIPS both for the production of boiler fuel oil as the primary liquefaction product and for the production of gasoline and diesel fuel products. The potential for future cost reduction through research and development is also clearly demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-269
JournalBiomass
Volume22
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Liquefaction
liquefaction
Biomass
biomass
Diesel fuels
Gasoline
Pyrolysis
pyrolysis
Fuel Oils
Petroleum
Fuel oils
Cost reduction
Refining
Boilers
product
Wood
Oils
research and development
Crude oil
crude oil

Keywords

  • liquefaction
  • pyrolysis
  • hydrotreatment
  • gasoline
  • economic analysis
  • liquid fuels
  • oil
  • upgrading

Cite this

Elliott, D., Baker, E., Beckman, D., Solantausta, Y., Tulenheimo, V., Gevert, S., ... Kjellström, B. (1990). Technoeconomic assessment of direct biomass liquefaction to transportation fuels. Biomass, 22(1-4), 251-269. https://doi.org/10.1016/0144-4565(90)90021-B
Elliott, David ; Baker, E. ; Beckman, David ; Solantausta, Yrjö ; Tulenheimo, Virve ; Gevert, S. ; Hörnell, Christina ; Östman, Anders ; Kjellström, B. / Technoeconomic assessment of direct biomass liquefaction to transportation fuels. In: Biomass. 1990 ; Vol. 22, No. 1-4. pp. 251-269.
@article{548648f8ae234a269e458c0b2a4a14e3,
title = "Technoeconomic assessment of direct biomass liquefaction to transportation fuels",
abstract = "This paper discusses the results of a technoeconomic assessment of direct biomass liquefaction processes converting wood to gasoline and diesel fuels. The study was carried out by the Working Group of the International Energy Agency Direct Biomass Liquefaction Activity, in which Canada, Finland, Sweden, and the US participated. The processes chosen for detailed analysis were Atmospheric Flash Pyrolysis (AFP) and Liquefaction In Pressurized Solvent (LIPS). The assessment covered three steps for each process from feed to final product:1. primary liquefaction to a crude oil product,2. catalytic hydrotreating to upgrade the crude product to a deoxygenated product oil,3. refining the deoxygenated product to gasoline and diesel fuel.Present technology cases and potential future technology cases were evaluated. A consistent analytical basis was used throughout to allow comparison of the processes. This assessment shows that AFP is more economical than LIPS both for the production of boiler fuel oil as the primary liquefaction product and for the production of gasoline and diesel fuel products. The potential for future cost reduction through research and development is also clearly demonstrated.",
keywords = "liquefaction, pyrolysis, hydrotreatment, gasoline, economic analysis, liquid fuels, oil, upgrading",
author = "David Elliott and E. Baker and David Beckman and Yrj{\"o} Solantausta and Virve Tulenheimo and S. Gevert and Christina H{\"o}rnell and Anders {\"O}stman and B. Kjellstr{\"o}m",
note = "LIS: A1 CA: POV Project code: POV9012",
year = "1990",
doi = "10.1016/0144-4565(90)90021-B",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "251--269",
journal = "Bioresource Technology",
issn = "0960-8524",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-4",

}

Elliott, D, Baker, E, Beckman, D, Solantausta, Y, Tulenheimo, V, Gevert, S, Hörnell, C, Östman, A & Kjellström, B 1990, 'Technoeconomic assessment of direct biomass liquefaction to transportation fuels', Biomass, vol. 22, no. 1-4, pp. 251-269. https://doi.org/10.1016/0144-4565(90)90021-B

Technoeconomic assessment of direct biomass liquefaction to transportation fuels. / Elliott, David; Baker, E.; Beckman, David; Solantausta, Yrjö; Tulenheimo, Virve; Gevert, S.; Hörnell, Christina; Östman, Anders; Kjellström, B.

In: Biomass, Vol. 22, No. 1-4, 1990, p. 251-269.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Technoeconomic assessment of direct biomass liquefaction to transportation fuels

AU - Elliott, David

AU - Baker, E.

AU - Beckman, David

AU - Solantausta, Yrjö

AU - Tulenheimo, Virve

AU - Gevert, S.

AU - Hörnell, Christina

AU - Östman, Anders

AU - Kjellström, B.

N1 - LIS: A1 CA: POV Project code: POV9012

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - This paper discusses the results of a technoeconomic assessment of direct biomass liquefaction processes converting wood to gasoline and diesel fuels. The study was carried out by the Working Group of the International Energy Agency Direct Biomass Liquefaction Activity, in which Canada, Finland, Sweden, and the US participated. The processes chosen for detailed analysis were Atmospheric Flash Pyrolysis (AFP) and Liquefaction In Pressurized Solvent (LIPS). The assessment covered three steps for each process from feed to final product:1. primary liquefaction to a crude oil product,2. catalytic hydrotreating to upgrade the crude product to a deoxygenated product oil,3. refining the deoxygenated product to gasoline and diesel fuel.Present technology cases and potential future technology cases were evaluated. A consistent analytical basis was used throughout to allow comparison of the processes. This assessment shows that AFP is more economical than LIPS both for the production of boiler fuel oil as the primary liquefaction product and for the production of gasoline and diesel fuel products. The potential for future cost reduction through research and development is also clearly demonstrated.

AB - This paper discusses the results of a technoeconomic assessment of direct biomass liquefaction processes converting wood to gasoline and diesel fuels. The study was carried out by the Working Group of the International Energy Agency Direct Biomass Liquefaction Activity, in which Canada, Finland, Sweden, and the US participated. The processes chosen for detailed analysis were Atmospheric Flash Pyrolysis (AFP) and Liquefaction In Pressurized Solvent (LIPS). The assessment covered three steps for each process from feed to final product:1. primary liquefaction to a crude oil product,2. catalytic hydrotreating to upgrade the crude product to a deoxygenated product oil,3. refining the deoxygenated product to gasoline and diesel fuel.Present technology cases and potential future technology cases were evaluated. A consistent analytical basis was used throughout to allow comparison of the processes. This assessment shows that AFP is more economical than LIPS both for the production of boiler fuel oil as the primary liquefaction product and for the production of gasoline and diesel fuel products. The potential for future cost reduction through research and development is also clearly demonstrated.

KW - liquefaction

KW - pyrolysis

KW - hydrotreatment

KW - gasoline

KW - economic analysis

KW - liquid fuels

KW - oil

KW - upgrading

U2 - 10.1016/0144-4565(90)90021-B

DO - 10.1016/0144-4565(90)90021-B

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 251

EP - 269

JO - Bioresource Technology

JF - Bioresource Technology

SN - 0960-8524

IS - 1-4

ER -

Elliott D, Baker E, Beckman D, Solantausta Y, Tulenheimo V, Gevert S et al. Technoeconomic assessment of direct biomass liquefaction to transportation fuels. Biomass. 1990;22(1-4):251-269. https://doi.org/10.1016/0144-4565(90)90021-B