Technology transfer between research laboratories and industry

Measurement and evaluation

Tomi Laamanen, Erkko Autio

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to survey the existing literature on technology transfer, to present categorizations of the various technology transfer mechanisms, and to present criteria, indicators, and measures for the measurement of the effectiveness of technology transfer. The study focuses mainly on contract research and development projects, research and development consortia, and new technology based companies. In technology transfer research, two main categories can be identified. The traditional approach has focused on technology transfer between industrialized and developing countries. This approach can be labeled as: "developing country oriented technology transfer research". The modern approach to technology transfer research focuses on technology interchanges between various actors in the economy. This approach can be labeled as: "innovation oriented technology transfer research". This present study belongs to the latter category. Research on technology transfer at the national level is relatively immature. Many concepts are not yet generally accepted. The researchers are still trying to learn how to measure the quantity and the quality of technology transferred. In measuring technology transfer, several factors affecting the transfer should be taken into account. These are, for example, research institute oriented factors, industry oriented factors, national technological infrastructure, and the nature and the maturity of the technology transferred. In addition, the dimensions of the ways to transfer technology should be taken into account. An important distinction in the context of technology transfer indicators is the distinction between input output indicators and process indicators. It is argued that the traditional approach has tended to focus largely on input output indicators. It is suggested that process indicators should be given increased attention. It is proposed that in the evaluation of research, the recent developments in innovation research should be taken into account. It is suggested that further research is needed in order to develop indicators of parallel development processes taking place in various inter linked actors in the economy. It is also suggested that the evolutionary nature of technological development necessitates further research on applying non linear modeling methods on the simulation of technological development processes.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages89
ISBN (Print)951-38-4441-2
Publication statusPublished - 1993
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

NameVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
PublisherVTT
No.1507
ISSN (Print)1235-0605
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0865

Fingerprint

Technology transfer
Industry
Evaluation
Factors
Development process
Innovation
Technological development
Developing countries
Transfer of technology
Development projects
Evolutionary
Consortium
Modeling method
Maturity
Nature
Nonlinear modeling
Criteria and indicators
Developed countries
Simulation

Keywords

  • technology transfer
  • innovation
  • industrial innovation
  • indicators
  • national systems of innovation
  • new
  • research and development
  • R & D consortia
  • contract research
  • technology-based companies
  • technology development

Cite this

Laamanen, T., & Autio, E. (1993). Technology transfer between research laboratories and industry: Measurement and evaluation. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 1507
Laamanen, Tomi ; Autio, Erkko. / Technology transfer between research laboratories and industry : Measurement and evaluation. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1993. 89 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1507).
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Laamanen, T & Autio, E 1993, Technology transfer between research laboratories and industry: Measurement and evaluation. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 1507, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Technology transfer between research laboratories and industry : Measurement and evaluation. / Laamanen, Tomi; Autio, Erkko.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1993. 89 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1507).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

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AB - The purpose of this study is to survey the existing literature on technology transfer, to present categorizations of the various technology transfer mechanisms, and to present criteria, indicators, and measures for the measurement of the effectiveness of technology transfer. The study focuses mainly on contract research and development projects, research and development consortia, and new technology based companies. In technology transfer research, two main categories can be identified. The traditional approach has focused on technology transfer between industrialized and developing countries. This approach can be labeled as: "developing country oriented technology transfer research". The modern approach to technology transfer research focuses on technology interchanges between various actors in the economy. This approach can be labeled as: "innovation oriented technology transfer research". This present study belongs to the latter category. Research on technology transfer at the national level is relatively immature. Many concepts are not yet generally accepted. The researchers are still trying to learn how to measure the quantity and the quality of technology transferred. In measuring technology transfer, several factors affecting the transfer should be taken into account. These are, for example, research institute oriented factors, industry oriented factors, national technological infrastructure, and the nature and the maturity of the technology transferred. In addition, the dimensions of the ways to transfer technology should be taken into account. An important distinction in the context of technology transfer indicators is the distinction between input output indicators and process indicators. It is argued that the traditional approach has tended to focus largely on input output indicators. It is suggested that process indicators should be given increased attention. It is proposed that in the evaluation of research, the recent developments in innovation research should be taken into account. It is suggested that further research is needed in order to develop indicators of parallel development processes taking place in various inter linked actors in the economy. It is also suggested that the evolutionary nature of technological development necessitates further research on applying non linear modeling methods on the simulation of technological development processes.

KW - technology transfer

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KW - industrial innovation

KW - indicators

KW - national systems of innovation

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KW - technology-based companies

KW - technology development

M3 - Report

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BT - Technology transfer between research laboratories and industry

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

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ER -

Laamanen T, Autio E. Technology transfer between research laboratories and industry: Measurement and evaluation. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1993. 89 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1507).