TEM examination of the effect of post-irradiation annealing on 7.7 dpa AISI 304L stainless steel

Wade Karlsen, Mykola Ivanchenko, Janne Pakarinen, Torill Karlsen

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Analytical transmission electron microscopy (ATEM) was used to examine the effect of post-irradiation annealing (PIA) on the material microstructure and radiation-induced segregation (RIS) at the grain boundaries of 7.7 dpa AISI 304L stainless steel. The grain boundary profiles and the irradiation damage were analysed in the as-irradiated state and after PIA at 500 oC for 6 hours, at 500 oC 25 hours and at 550 oC for 25 hours. In as irradiated material radiation induced segregations (RIS) observed on the grain boundaries can be characterised by Cr depletion and Ni enrichment accompanied with slight increase in Si content. The effects of PIA were found to be relatively small after only 6 hours of annealing, while after 25 hours of PIA at both 500 and 550 oC, RIS were almost recovered and only marginal deviation in chemical composition could be found near the GB. None of the applied PIA treatments had caused formation of voids, while quite distinct differences were found in microstructure after different PIA treatments. After 6 hours annealing at 500 oC dislocation loops start to grow, which is reflected by a few nm increase in evaluated average size of dislocation loops, while dislocation density remains of the same order of magnitude. After annealing for 25 hours at 500 oC the average size of dislocation loops remains nearly the same, while dislocation density was reduced almost by one fold. In the areas where dislocation density was found to be the lowest some features, which can most likely be attributed to stacking fault tetrahedral (SFT) were found. Annealing at even higher temperature (550 oC) affected the average size of the dislocation loops, making them almost twice as large as well as resulting in a very broad distribution of dislocation sizes. Density of dislocations is also reduced by one fold in comparison to the as irradiated condition and leads to formation of SFT's, which could be found in the specimen consistently.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventEnlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2014 - Röros, Norway
Duration: 7 Sep 201412 Sep 2014

Conference

ConferenceEnlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2014
Abbreviated titleEHPG 2014
CountryNorway
CityRöros
Period7/09/1412/09/14

Fingerprint

stainless steels
examination
transmission electron microscopy
irradiation
annealing
grain boundaries
radiation
microstructure
crystal defects
voids
chemical composition
depletion
damage
deviation
profiles

Keywords

  • transmission electron microscopy
  • radiation induced segregation
  • post irradiation annealing

Cite this

Karlsen, W., Ivanchenko, M., Pakarinen, J., & Karlsen, T. (2014). TEM examination of the effect of post-irradiation annealing on 7.7 dpa AISI 304L stainless steel. Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2014, Röros, Norway.
Karlsen, Wade ; Ivanchenko, Mykola ; Pakarinen, Janne ; Karlsen, Torill. / TEM examination of the effect of post-irradiation annealing on 7.7 dpa AISI 304L stainless steel. Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2014, Röros, Norway.14 p.
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abstract = "Analytical transmission electron microscopy (ATEM) was used to examine the effect of post-irradiation annealing (PIA) on the material microstructure and radiation-induced segregation (RIS) at the grain boundaries of 7.7 dpa AISI 304L stainless steel. The grain boundary profiles and the irradiation damage were analysed in the as-irradiated state and after PIA at 500 oC for 6 hours, at 500 oC 25 hours and at 550 oC for 25 hours. In as irradiated material radiation induced segregations (RIS) observed on the grain boundaries can be characterised by Cr depletion and Ni enrichment accompanied with slight increase in Si content. The effects of PIA were found to be relatively small after only 6 hours of annealing, while after 25 hours of PIA at both 500 and 550 oC, RIS were almost recovered and only marginal deviation in chemical composition could be found near the GB. None of the applied PIA treatments had caused formation of voids, while quite distinct differences were found in microstructure after different PIA treatments. After 6 hours annealing at 500 oC dislocation loops start to grow, which is reflected by a few nm increase in evaluated average size of dislocation loops, while dislocation density remains of the same order of magnitude. After annealing for 25 hours at 500 oC the average size of dislocation loops remains nearly the same, while dislocation density was reduced almost by one fold. In the areas where dislocation density was found to be the lowest some features, which can most likely be attributed to stacking fault tetrahedral (SFT) were found. Annealing at even higher temperature (550 oC) affected the average size of the dislocation loops, making them almost twice as large as well as resulting in a very broad distribution of dislocation sizes. Density of dislocations is also reduced by one fold in comparison to the as irradiated condition and leads to formation of SFT's, which could be found in the specimen consistently.",
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author = "Wade Karlsen and Mykola Ivanchenko and Janne Pakarinen and Torill Karlsen",
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Karlsen, W, Ivanchenko, M, Pakarinen, J & Karlsen, T 2014, 'TEM examination of the effect of post-irradiation annealing on 7.7 dpa AISI 304L stainless steel' Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2014, Röros, Norway, 7/09/14 - 12/09/14, .

TEM examination of the effect of post-irradiation annealing on 7.7 dpa AISI 304L stainless steel. / Karlsen, Wade; Ivanchenko, Mykola; Pakarinen, Janne; Karlsen, Torill.

2014. Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2014, Röros, Norway.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review

TY - CONF

T1 - TEM examination of the effect of post-irradiation annealing on 7.7 dpa AISI 304L stainless steel

AU - Karlsen, Wade

AU - Ivanchenko, Mykola

AU - Pakarinen, Janne

AU - Karlsen, Torill

N1 - Project code: 85618

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Analytical transmission electron microscopy (ATEM) was used to examine the effect of post-irradiation annealing (PIA) on the material microstructure and radiation-induced segregation (RIS) at the grain boundaries of 7.7 dpa AISI 304L stainless steel. The grain boundary profiles and the irradiation damage were analysed in the as-irradiated state and after PIA at 500 oC for 6 hours, at 500 oC 25 hours and at 550 oC for 25 hours. In as irradiated material radiation induced segregations (RIS) observed on the grain boundaries can be characterised by Cr depletion and Ni enrichment accompanied with slight increase in Si content. The effects of PIA were found to be relatively small after only 6 hours of annealing, while after 25 hours of PIA at both 500 and 550 oC, RIS were almost recovered and only marginal deviation in chemical composition could be found near the GB. None of the applied PIA treatments had caused formation of voids, while quite distinct differences were found in microstructure after different PIA treatments. After 6 hours annealing at 500 oC dislocation loops start to grow, which is reflected by a few nm increase in evaluated average size of dislocation loops, while dislocation density remains of the same order of magnitude. After annealing for 25 hours at 500 oC the average size of dislocation loops remains nearly the same, while dislocation density was reduced almost by one fold. In the areas where dislocation density was found to be the lowest some features, which can most likely be attributed to stacking fault tetrahedral (SFT) were found. Annealing at even higher temperature (550 oC) affected the average size of the dislocation loops, making them almost twice as large as well as resulting in a very broad distribution of dislocation sizes. Density of dislocations is also reduced by one fold in comparison to the as irradiated condition and leads to formation of SFT's, which could be found in the specimen consistently.

AB - Analytical transmission electron microscopy (ATEM) was used to examine the effect of post-irradiation annealing (PIA) on the material microstructure and radiation-induced segregation (RIS) at the grain boundaries of 7.7 dpa AISI 304L stainless steel. The grain boundary profiles and the irradiation damage were analysed in the as-irradiated state and after PIA at 500 oC for 6 hours, at 500 oC 25 hours and at 550 oC for 25 hours. In as irradiated material radiation induced segregations (RIS) observed on the grain boundaries can be characterised by Cr depletion and Ni enrichment accompanied with slight increase in Si content. The effects of PIA were found to be relatively small after only 6 hours of annealing, while after 25 hours of PIA at both 500 and 550 oC, RIS were almost recovered and only marginal deviation in chemical composition could be found near the GB. None of the applied PIA treatments had caused formation of voids, while quite distinct differences were found in microstructure after different PIA treatments. After 6 hours annealing at 500 oC dislocation loops start to grow, which is reflected by a few nm increase in evaluated average size of dislocation loops, while dislocation density remains of the same order of magnitude. After annealing for 25 hours at 500 oC the average size of dislocation loops remains nearly the same, while dislocation density was reduced almost by one fold. In the areas where dislocation density was found to be the lowest some features, which can most likely be attributed to stacking fault tetrahedral (SFT) were found. Annealing at even higher temperature (550 oC) affected the average size of the dislocation loops, making them almost twice as large as well as resulting in a very broad distribution of dislocation sizes. Density of dislocations is also reduced by one fold in comparison to the as irradiated condition and leads to formation of SFT's, which could be found in the specimen consistently.

KW - transmission electron microscopy

KW - radiation induced segregation

KW - post irradiation annealing

UR - https://reports.hrp.no/docushare/dsweb/HomePage

M3 - Conference article

ER -

Karlsen W, Ivanchenko M, Pakarinen J, Karlsen T. TEM examination of the effect of post-irradiation annealing on 7.7 dpa AISI 304L stainless steel. 2014. Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2014, Röros, Norway.