Temperature dependent Raman spectra of carbon nanobuds

M. He (Corresponding Author), E. Rikkinen, Z. Zhu, Y. Tian, A. S. Anisimov, H. Jiang, A. G. Nasibulin, Esko I. Kauppinen (Corresponding Author), M. Niemelä, A. O. I. Krause

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Carbon nanobuds (CNBs) represent an emerging nanostructure, in which fullerene molecules are covalently bonded to the outer surface of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). The Raman spectra of CNBs were systematically investigated and compared to those of SWNTs. The spectra were recorded using a 514 nm laser and evaluating the temperature-dependent Raman frequency shift in CNBs in the range 27−475 °C. The temperature coefficient of the G-mode frequency of the CNBs was much larger than that of the SWNTs. Consequently, the CNBs have lower thermal stability, which is attributed to the fact that the fullerenes are covalently bonded to the sidewall of SWNTs. At the same time, we observed that the radical breathing modes (RBMs) of CNBs downshift ∼2−6 cm−1 compared to the RBMs of SWNTs, and this shift can be attributed to the smaller van der Waals (VDWs) interactions between the CNBs. Using a 750 nm laser, a broad G band, which is an intrinsic character of metallic properties, was clearly observed. This characteristic feature provides evidence that the nanobuds of some nanotubes remain metallic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13540-13545
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume114
Issue number32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Raman scattering
Carbon
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCN)
Raman spectra
carbon
carbon nanotubes
Fullerenes
Temperature
breathing
temperature
fullerenes
Lasers
Nanotubes
frequency shift
lasers
emerging
Nanostructures
nanotubes
Thermodynamic stability
thermal stability

Cite this

He, M., Rikkinen, E., Zhu, Z., Tian, Y., Anisimov, A. S., Jiang, H., ... Krause, A. O. I. (2010). Temperature dependent Raman spectra of carbon nanobuds. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114(32), 13540-13545. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp104004a
He, M. ; Rikkinen, E. ; Zhu, Z. ; Tian, Y. ; Anisimov, A. S. ; Jiang, H. ; Nasibulin, A. G. ; Kauppinen, Esko I. ; Niemelä, M. ; Krause, A. O. I. / Temperature dependent Raman spectra of carbon nanobuds. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2010 ; Vol. 114, No. 32. pp. 13540-13545.
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abstract = "Carbon nanobuds (CNBs) represent an emerging nanostructure, in which fullerene molecules are covalently bonded to the outer surface of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). The Raman spectra of CNBs were systematically investigated and compared to those of SWNTs. The spectra were recorded using a 514 nm laser and evaluating the temperature-dependent Raman frequency shift in CNBs in the range 27−475 °C. The temperature coefficient of the G-mode frequency of the CNBs was much larger than that of the SWNTs. Consequently, the CNBs have lower thermal stability, which is attributed to the fact that the fullerenes are covalently bonded to the sidewall of SWNTs. At the same time, we observed that the radical breathing modes (RBMs) of CNBs downshift ∼2−6 cm−1 compared to the RBMs of SWNTs, and this shift can be attributed to the smaller van der Waals (VDWs) interactions between the CNBs. Using a 750 nm laser, a broad G− band, which is an intrinsic character of metallic properties, was clearly observed. This characteristic feature provides evidence that the nanobuds of some nanotubes remain metallic.",
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He, M, Rikkinen, E, Zhu, Z, Tian, Y, Anisimov, AS, Jiang, H, Nasibulin, AG, Kauppinen, EI, Niemelä, M & Krause, AOI 2010, 'Temperature dependent Raman spectra of carbon nanobuds', Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 114, no. 32, pp. 13540-13545. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp104004a

Temperature dependent Raman spectra of carbon nanobuds. / He, M. (Corresponding Author); Rikkinen, E.; Zhu, Z.; Tian, Y.; Anisimov, A. S.; Jiang, H.; Nasibulin, A. G.; Kauppinen, Esko I. (Corresponding Author); Niemelä, M.; Krause, A. O. I.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 114, No. 32, 2010, p. 13540-13545.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Temperature dependent Raman spectra of carbon nanobuds

AU - He, M.

AU - Rikkinen, E.

AU - Zhu, Z.

AU - Tian, Y.

AU - Anisimov, A. S.

AU - Jiang, H.

AU - Nasibulin, A. G.

AU - Kauppinen, Esko I.

AU - Niemelä, M.

AU - Krause, A. O. I.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Carbon nanobuds (CNBs) represent an emerging nanostructure, in which fullerene molecules are covalently bonded to the outer surface of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). The Raman spectra of CNBs were systematically investigated and compared to those of SWNTs. The spectra were recorded using a 514 nm laser and evaluating the temperature-dependent Raman frequency shift in CNBs in the range 27−475 °C. The temperature coefficient of the G-mode frequency of the CNBs was much larger than that of the SWNTs. Consequently, the CNBs have lower thermal stability, which is attributed to the fact that the fullerenes are covalently bonded to the sidewall of SWNTs. At the same time, we observed that the radical breathing modes (RBMs) of CNBs downshift ∼2−6 cm−1 compared to the RBMs of SWNTs, and this shift can be attributed to the smaller van der Waals (VDWs) interactions between the CNBs. Using a 750 nm laser, a broad G− band, which is an intrinsic character of metallic properties, was clearly observed. This characteristic feature provides evidence that the nanobuds of some nanotubes remain metallic.

AB - Carbon nanobuds (CNBs) represent an emerging nanostructure, in which fullerene molecules are covalently bonded to the outer surface of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). The Raman spectra of CNBs were systematically investigated and compared to those of SWNTs. The spectra were recorded using a 514 nm laser and evaluating the temperature-dependent Raman frequency shift in CNBs in the range 27−475 °C. The temperature coefficient of the G-mode frequency of the CNBs was much larger than that of the SWNTs. Consequently, the CNBs have lower thermal stability, which is attributed to the fact that the fullerenes are covalently bonded to the sidewall of SWNTs. At the same time, we observed that the radical breathing modes (RBMs) of CNBs downshift ∼2−6 cm−1 compared to the RBMs of SWNTs, and this shift can be attributed to the smaller van der Waals (VDWs) interactions between the CNBs. Using a 750 nm laser, a broad G− band, which is an intrinsic character of metallic properties, was clearly observed. This characteristic feature provides evidence that the nanobuds of some nanotubes remain metallic.

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JO - Journal of Physical Chemistry C

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SN - 1932-7447

IS - 32

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He M, Rikkinen E, Zhu Z, Tian Y, Anisimov AS, Jiang H et al. Temperature dependent Raman spectra of carbon nanobuds. Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2010;114(32):13540-13545. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp104004a