TES-Based X-ray Microcalorimeter Performances Under AC Bias and FDM for Athena

H. Akamatsu, L. Gottardi, C. P. de Vries, J. S. Adams, S. R. Bandler, M. P. Bruijn, J. A. Chervenak, M. E. Eckart, F. M. Finkbeiner, J. R. Gao, J. W. den Herder, R. den Hartog, H. Hoevers, R. E. Kelley, P. Khosropanah, C. A. Kilbourne, J. van der Kuur, S. J. Lee, A. J. van den Linden, F. S. PorterK. Ravensberg, J. E. Sadleir, S. J. Smith, T. Suzuki, E. J. Wassell, M. Kiviranta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Athena is a European X-ray observatory, scheduled for launch in ∼ 2028. Athena will employ a high-resolution imaging spectrometer called X-ray integral field unit (X-IFU), consisting of an array of ∼ 4000 transition edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter pixels. For the readout of X-IFU, we are developing frequency domain multiplexing, which is the baseline readout system. In this paper, we report on the performance of a TES X-ray calorimeter array fabricated at Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) at MHz frequencies for the baseline of X-IFU detector. During single-pixel AC bias characterization, we measured X-ray energy resolutions (at 6 keV) of about 2.9 eV at both 2.3 and 3.7 MHz. Furthermore, in the multiplexing mode, we measured X-ray energy resolutions of about 2.9 eV at 1.3 and 1.7 MHz.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-442
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Volume184
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Frequency division multiplexing
calorimeters
alternating current
X rays
sensors
Sensors
x rays
Multiplexing
multiplexing
Pixels
readout
Readout systems
X ray spectrometers
pixels
Observatories
Space flight
Calorimeters
space flight
imaging spectrometers
observatories

Keywords

  • Athena
  • Frequency domain multiplexing
  • Transition edge sensors
  • X-ray microcalorimeter

Cite this

Akamatsu, H., Gottardi, L., de Vries, C. P., Adams, J. S., Bandler, S. R., Bruijn, M. P., ... Kiviranta, M. (2016). TES-Based X-ray Microcalorimeter Performances Under AC Bias and FDM for Athena. Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 184(1-2), 436-442. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10909-016-1525-9
Akamatsu, H. ; Gottardi, L. ; de Vries, C. P. ; Adams, J. S. ; Bandler, S. R. ; Bruijn, M. P. ; Chervenak, J. A. ; Eckart, M. E. ; Finkbeiner, F. M. ; Gao, J. R. ; den Herder, J. W. ; den Hartog, R. ; Hoevers, H. ; Kelley, R. E. ; Khosropanah, P. ; Kilbourne, C. A. ; van der Kuur, J. ; Lee, S. J. ; van den Linden, A. J. ; Porter, F. S. ; Ravensberg, K. ; Sadleir, J. E. ; Smith, S. J. ; Suzuki, T. ; Wassell, E. J. ; Kiviranta, M. / TES-Based X-ray Microcalorimeter Performances Under AC Bias and FDM for Athena. In: Journal of Low Temperature Physics. 2016 ; Vol. 184, No. 1-2. pp. 436-442.
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abstract = "Athena is a European X-ray observatory, scheduled for launch in ∼ 2028. Athena will employ a high-resolution imaging spectrometer called X-ray integral field unit (X-IFU), consisting of an array of ∼ 4000 transition edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter pixels. For the readout of X-IFU, we are developing frequency domain multiplexing, which is the baseline readout system. In this paper, we report on the performance of a TES X-ray calorimeter array fabricated at Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) at MHz frequencies for the baseline of X-IFU detector. During single-pixel AC bias characterization, we measured X-ray energy resolutions (at 6 keV) of about 2.9 eV at both 2.3 and 3.7 MHz. Furthermore, in the multiplexing mode, we measured X-ray energy resolutions of about 2.9 eV at 1.3 and 1.7 MHz.",
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Akamatsu, H, Gottardi, L, de Vries, CP, Adams, JS, Bandler, SR, Bruijn, MP, Chervenak, JA, Eckart, ME, Finkbeiner, FM, Gao, JR, den Herder, JW, den Hartog, R, Hoevers, H, Kelley, RE, Khosropanah, P, Kilbourne, CA, van der Kuur, J, Lee, SJ, van den Linden, AJ, Porter, FS, Ravensberg, K, Sadleir, JE, Smith, SJ, Suzuki, T, Wassell, EJ & Kiviranta, M 2016, 'TES-Based X-ray Microcalorimeter Performances Under AC Bias and FDM for Athena', Journal of Low Temperature Physics, vol. 184, no. 1-2, pp. 436-442. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10909-016-1525-9

TES-Based X-ray Microcalorimeter Performances Under AC Bias and FDM for Athena. / Akamatsu, H.; Gottardi, L.; de Vries, C. P.; Adams, J. S.; Bandler, S. R.; Bruijn, M. P.; Chervenak, J. A.; Eckart, M. E.; Finkbeiner, F. M.; Gao, J. R.; den Herder, J. W.; den Hartog, R.; Hoevers, H.; Kelley, R. E.; Khosropanah, P.; Kilbourne, C. A.; van der Kuur, J.; Lee, S. J.; van den Linden, A. J.; Porter, F. S.; Ravensberg, K.; Sadleir, J. E.; Smith, S. J.; Suzuki, T.; Wassell, E. J.; Kiviranta, M.

In: Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 184, No. 1-2, 01.07.2016, p. 436-442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - TES-Based X-ray Microcalorimeter Performances Under AC Bias and FDM for Athena

AU - Akamatsu, H.

AU - Gottardi, L.

AU - de Vries, C. P.

AU - Adams, J. S.

AU - Bandler, S. R.

AU - Bruijn, M. P.

AU - Chervenak, J. A.

AU - Eckart, M. E.

AU - Finkbeiner, F. M.

AU - Gao, J. R.

AU - den Herder, J. W.

AU - den Hartog, R.

AU - Hoevers, H.

AU - Kelley, R. E.

AU - Khosropanah, P.

AU - Kilbourne, C. A.

AU - van der Kuur, J.

AU - Lee, S. J.

AU - van den Linden, A. J.

AU - Porter, F. S.

AU - Ravensberg, K.

AU - Sadleir, J. E.

AU - Smith, S. J.

AU - Suzuki, T.

AU - Wassell, E. J.

AU - Kiviranta, M.

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AB - Athena is a European X-ray observatory, scheduled for launch in ∼ 2028. Athena will employ a high-resolution imaging spectrometer called X-ray integral field unit (X-IFU), consisting of an array of ∼ 4000 transition edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter pixels. For the readout of X-IFU, we are developing frequency domain multiplexing, which is the baseline readout system. In this paper, we report on the performance of a TES X-ray calorimeter array fabricated at Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) at MHz frequencies for the baseline of X-IFU detector. During single-pixel AC bias characterization, we measured X-ray energy resolutions (at 6 keV) of about 2.9 eV at both 2.3 and 3.7 MHz. Furthermore, in the multiplexing mode, we measured X-ray energy resolutions of about 2.9 eV at 1.3 and 1.7 MHz.

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KW - Frequency domain multiplexing

KW - Transition edge sensors

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Akamatsu H, Gottardi L, de Vries CP, Adams JS, Bandler SR, Bruijn MP et al. TES-Based X-ray Microcalorimeter Performances Under AC Bias and FDM for Athena. Journal of Low Temperature Physics. 2016 Jul 1;184(1-2):436-442. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10909-016-1525-9