Testing the European Union sustainability criteria for biofuels: Case study of waste-derived ethanol

Kati Koponen, Sampo Soimakallio, E. Sipilä

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Biofuels are being promoted in many areas of the world including the European Union (EU). The EU directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (RED) establishes sustainability criteria for biofuels in order to ensure their environmentally sustainable production. The Renewable Energy Directive also establishes a minimum level for the greenhouse gas emission saving gained by using the biofuels instead of the fossil fuels. In this paper, the methodology presented in the RED for assessing the greenhouse gas benefits of biofuels is tested by means of a case study of bioethanol derived from industrial and commercial waste and integrated into a combined heat and power production (CHP) plant. The RED methodology is open to various interpretations. Due to the possibility of different system boundary settings and due to parameter uncertainty, it is difficult to know whether or not the biofuel product is in compliance with the RED criteria. This can be problematic for the successful market introduction of new advanced biofuels concepts. The RED methodology has also methodological problems when it comes to the evaluation of the greenhouse gas emissions of biofuels. There is a risk that the use of a simplified general methodology and monitoring guidelines do not necessarily promote biofuels with the most beneficial greenhouse gas impacts.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th EBCE
PublisherETA-Florence Renewable Energies
Pages2019-2024
ISBN (Print)978-88-89407-56-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event18th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition - Lyon , France
Duration: 3 May 20107 May 2010

Conference

Conference18th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
CountryFrance
CityLyon
Period3/05/107/05/10

Fingerprint

biofuel
ethanol
European Union
sustainability
greenhouse gas
methodology
combined heat and power
fossil fuel
compliance
energy
market
monitoring

Keywords

  • European Union
  • sustainability criteria
  • bioethanol
  • waste
  • greenhouse gases

Cite this

Koponen, K., Soimakallio, S., & Sipilä, E. (2010). Testing the European Union sustainability criteria for biofuels: Case study of waste-derived ethanol. In Proceedings of the 18th EBCE (pp. 2019-2024). ETA-Florence Renewable Energies. https://doi.org/10.5071/18thEUBCE2010-OC3.1
Koponen, Kati ; Soimakallio, Sampo ; Sipilä, E. / Testing the European Union sustainability criteria for biofuels : Case study of waste-derived ethanol. Proceedings of the 18th EBCE. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, 2010. pp. 2019-2024
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Koponen, K, Soimakallio, S & Sipilä, E 2010, Testing the European Union sustainability criteria for biofuels: Case study of waste-derived ethanol. in Proceedings of the 18th EBCE. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, pp. 2019-2024, 18th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, Lyon , France, 3/05/10. https://doi.org/10.5071/18thEUBCE2010-OC3.1

Testing the European Union sustainability criteria for biofuels : Case study of waste-derived ethanol. / Koponen, Kati; Soimakallio, Sampo; Sipilä, E.

Proceedings of the 18th EBCE. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies, 2010. p. 2019-2024.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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Koponen K, Soimakallio S, Sipilä E. Testing the European Union sustainability criteria for biofuels: Case study of waste-derived ethanol. In Proceedings of the 18th EBCE. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies. 2010. p. 2019-2024 https://doi.org/10.5071/18thEUBCE2010-OC3.1