Tests and analysis on shear strength of composite slabs of hollow core units and concrete topping

Ulf Arne Girhammar (Corresponding Author), Matti Pajari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prestressed concrete hollow core slabs are commonly used as load-bearing floors and roofs. The upper surface of the hollow core slabs is usually levelled with a cast-in situ screed or concrete topping. Reducing the thickness of the precast unit and increasing the thickness of the concrete topping, but maintaining the load-carrying capacity for the whole composite section is technically and economically an interesting alternative. The expensive screed could be replaced by a cheaper concrete and installations could be embedded in the topping layer. Proper shear and bond strength at the interface is required for composite action. An experimental and theoretical study on the effect of structural topping on the shear capacity of hollow core slabs and of the adequacy of the shear or bond strength of the non-treated interface is presented. It is concluded that concrete topping can be used to improve the shear capacity of hollow core units. For the test specimens, the theoretical increase was of the order of 35%, which was verified by the tests. The bond strength at the interface is adequate and the topping interacts with the slab in a proper manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1708-1722
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Shear strength
Concretes
Composite materials
Bearings (structural)
Prestressed concrete
Load limits
Roofs

Keywords

  • Precast concrete
  • Hollow core slabs
  • Concrete topping
  • Composite construction floors
  • Composite action
  • Shear/bond strength

Cite this

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title = "Tests and analysis on shear strength of composite slabs of hollow core units and concrete topping",
abstract = "Prestressed concrete hollow core slabs are commonly used as load-bearing floors and roofs. The upper surface of the hollow core slabs is usually levelled with a cast-in situ screed or concrete topping. Reducing the thickness of the precast unit and increasing the thickness of the concrete topping, but maintaining the load-carrying capacity for the whole composite section is technically and economically an interesting alternative. The expensive screed could be replaced by a cheaper concrete and installations could be embedded in the topping layer. Proper shear and bond strength at the interface is required for composite action. An experimental and theoretical study on the effect of structural topping on the shear capacity of hollow core slabs and of the adequacy of the shear or bond strength of the non-treated interface is presented. It is concluded that concrete topping can be used to improve the shear capacity of hollow core units. For the test specimens, the theoretical increase was of the order of 35{\%}, which was verified by the tests. The bond strength at the interface is adequate and the topping interacts with the slab in a proper manner.",
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Tests and analysis on shear strength of composite slabs of hollow core units and concrete topping. / Girhammar, Ulf Arne (Corresponding Author); Pajari, Matti.

In: Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 22, No. 8, 2008, p. 1708-1722.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tests and analysis on shear strength of composite slabs of hollow core units and concrete topping

AU - Girhammar, Ulf Arne

AU - Pajari, Matti

PY - 2008

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N2 - Prestressed concrete hollow core slabs are commonly used as load-bearing floors and roofs. The upper surface of the hollow core slabs is usually levelled with a cast-in situ screed or concrete topping. Reducing the thickness of the precast unit and increasing the thickness of the concrete topping, but maintaining the load-carrying capacity for the whole composite section is technically and economically an interesting alternative. The expensive screed could be replaced by a cheaper concrete and installations could be embedded in the topping layer. Proper shear and bond strength at the interface is required for composite action. An experimental and theoretical study on the effect of structural topping on the shear capacity of hollow core slabs and of the adequacy of the shear or bond strength of the non-treated interface is presented. It is concluded that concrete topping can be used to improve the shear capacity of hollow core units. For the test specimens, the theoretical increase was of the order of 35%, which was verified by the tests. The bond strength at the interface is adequate and the topping interacts with the slab in a proper manner.

AB - Prestressed concrete hollow core slabs are commonly used as load-bearing floors and roofs. The upper surface of the hollow core slabs is usually levelled with a cast-in situ screed or concrete topping. Reducing the thickness of the precast unit and increasing the thickness of the concrete topping, but maintaining the load-carrying capacity for the whole composite section is technically and economically an interesting alternative. The expensive screed could be replaced by a cheaper concrete and installations could be embedded in the topping layer. Proper shear and bond strength at the interface is required for composite action. An experimental and theoretical study on the effect of structural topping on the shear capacity of hollow core slabs and of the adequacy of the shear or bond strength of the non-treated interface is presented. It is concluded that concrete topping can be used to improve the shear capacity of hollow core units. For the test specimens, the theoretical increase was of the order of 35%, which was verified by the tests. The bond strength at the interface is adequate and the topping interacts with the slab in a proper manner.

KW - Precast concrete

KW - Hollow core slabs

KW - Concrete topping

KW - Composite construction floors

KW - Composite action

KW - Shear/bond strength

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JO - Construction and Building Materials

JF - Construction and Building Materials

SN - 0950-0618

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