Clinically, malposition of the acetabular cup in large-diameter metal-on-metal prosthetic hip designs is associated with high wear, adverse reaction to metal debris and early failure. A steep angle of the cup (>60°) may lead to poor tribological performance. Large-diameter CoCr-on-CoCr prostheses were run in the HUT-4 hip joint simulator so that a steep angle was included. With a correct position, the tribological behaviour was excellent, the wear rate being 0.1 mm3/106 cycles. In the steepest position, lubrication failed and the wear rate was two orders of magnitude higher. This study stresses the importance of rigorous pre-clinical testing.
- acetabular cup position
- abduction angle
- edge loading
Saikko, V., Ahlroos, T., Revitzer, H., Ryti, O., & Kuosmanen, P. (2013). The effect of acetabular cup position on wear of a large-diameter metal-on-metal prosthesis studied with a hip joint simulator. Tribology International, 60, 70-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2012.10.011