The effect of bleaching on the surface chemistry of mechanical pulps

H. Kangas, M. Kleen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this work was to obtain knowledge on how peroxide bleaching anddithionite bleaching change the surface chemistry of mechanical pulps, as well as of isolated fibres and fines, by using chemical analysis in combination with two surface-sensitive spectroscopic methods, ESCA (Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis) and ToF-SIMS (Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry). The changes in the surface chemistry induced by bleaching depended on the bleaching chemical, pulp type and pulp fraction. Peroxide bleaching resulted in greater changes in the surface chemistry than dithionite. Peroxide bleaching removed extractives more effectively from CTMP than from TMP, but changes were less obvious for CTMP fines than for TMP fines. The surface of fibrils, in particular, was changed during bleaching due to removal or deposition of extractives. Fibres and flakes underwent similar changes in their surface chemistry. ToF-SIMS and ESCA gave complementary information about the surface chemistry of mechanical pulps and pulp fractions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-38
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pulp and Paper Science
Volume34
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Analysis
  • Bleaching
  • Chemistry
  • Fibers
  • Fines
  • Mechanical pulps
  • Peroxide bleaching
  • Surface properties

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