The effect of consistency on the shear rheology of aqueous suspensions of cellulose micro- and nanofibrils: a review

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While the raw material type and the production method of cellulose micro- and nanofibrils (CMNFs) strongly affect the absolute values of the rheological parameters of their aqueous suspensions, the dependence of these parameters on consistency, c, is found to be uniform. The consistency index and yield stress of CMNF suspensions follow generally the scaling laws K∼c2.43 and τy∼c2.26 , respectively, and a decent approximation for flow index is n=0.30×c−0.43 . The variability of reported scaling exponents of these materials is likely mainly due to experimental uncertainties and not so much due to fundamentally different rheology. It is suggested that the reason behind the apparently universal rheological behavior of CMNF suspensions is the strong entanglement of fibrils; the flow dynamics of typical CMNF suspensions is dominated by interactions between fibril flocs and not by interactions between individual fibrils.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1879-1897
Number of pages18
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


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