The effect of contaminant source location on worker exposure in the near-wake region

Ilpo Kulmala, Arto Säämänen, Seppo Enbom

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    21 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The exposure of workers in the near-wake region due to a recirculating airflow was studied experimentally and numerically A mannequin was installed in an open-ended tunnel and tracer gas was released at several locations downstream to determine the size and location of the reverse flow region. The contaminant transport into the breathing zone was found to depend strongly on the location of the release point. The airflow field was also determined numerically assuming a steady flow and using the standard κ–ε turbulence model After calculating the turbulent airflow field, a large number of submicrometre particles were released in different locations downstream of the mannequin to simulate the transport of gaseous contanunants. Although this method does not provide actual exposures, it does predict the tendencies in exposure variations due to different release points quite satisfactorily.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)511-523
    Number of pages13
    JournalAnnals of Occupational Hygiene
    Volume40
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1996
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Manikins
    Respiration
    Gases

    Cite this

    @article{5281d339bb254593adc9af5b2b53ae58,
    title = "The effect of contaminant source location on worker exposure in the near-wake region",
    abstract = "The exposure of workers in the near-wake region due to a recirculating airflow was studied experimentally and numerically A mannequin was installed in an open-ended tunnel and tracer gas was released at several locations downstream to determine the size and location of the reverse flow region. The contaminant transport into the breathing zone was found to depend strongly on the location of the release point. The airflow field was also determined numerically assuming a steady flow and using the standard κ–ε turbulence model After calculating the turbulent airflow field, a large number of submicrometre particles were released in different locations downstream of the mannequin to simulate the transport of gaseous contanunants. Although this method does not provide actual exposures, it does predict the tendencies in exposure variations due to different release points quite satisfactorily.",
    author = "Ilpo Kulmala and Arto S{\"a}{\"a}m{\"a}nen and Seppo Enbom",
    year = "1996",
    doi = "10.1093/annhyg/40.5.511",
    language = "English",
    volume = "40",
    pages = "511--523",
    journal = "Annals of Work Exposures and Health",
    issn = "2398-7308",
    publisher = "Oxford University Press",
    number = "5",

    }

    The effect of contaminant source location on worker exposure in the near-wake region. / Kulmala, Ilpo; Säämänen, Arto; Enbom, Seppo.

    In: Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Vol. 40, No. 5, 1996, p. 511-523.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The effect of contaminant source location on worker exposure in the near-wake region

    AU - Kulmala, Ilpo

    AU - Säämänen, Arto

    AU - Enbom, Seppo

    PY - 1996

    Y1 - 1996

    N2 - The exposure of workers in the near-wake region due to a recirculating airflow was studied experimentally and numerically A mannequin was installed in an open-ended tunnel and tracer gas was released at several locations downstream to determine the size and location of the reverse flow region. The contaminant transport into the breathing zone was found to depend strongly on the location of the release point. The airflow field was also determined numerically assuming a steady flow and using the standard κ–ε turbulence model After calculating the turbulent airflow field, a large number of submicrometre particles were released in different locations downstream of the mannequin to simulate the transport of gaseous contanunants. Although this method does not provide actual exposures, it does predict the tendencies in exposure variations due to different release points quite satisfactorily.

    AB - The exposure of workers in the near-wake region due to a recirculating airflow was studied experimentally and numerically A mannequin was installed in an open-ended tunnel and tracer gas was released at several locations downstream to determine the size and location of the reverse flow region. The contaminant transport into the breathing zone was found to depend strongly on the location of the release point. The airflow field was also determined numerically assuming a steady flow and using the standard κ–ε turbulence model After calculating the turbulent airflow field, a large number of submicrometre particles were released in different locations downstream of the mannequin to simulate the transport of gaseous contanunants. Although this method does not provide actual exposures, it does predict the tendencies in exposure variations due to different release points quite satisfactorily.

    U2 - 10.1093/annhyg/40.5.511

    DO - 10.1093/annhyg/40.5.511

    M3 - Article

    VL - 40

    SP - 511

    EP - 523

    JO - Annals of Work Exposures and Health

    JF - Annals of Work Exposures and Health

    SN - 2398-7308

    IS - 5

    ER -