The effect of fibre properties, fines content and surfactant addition on dewatering, wet and dry web properties

H. Lindqvist, Kristian Salminen, Janne Kataja-aho, Elias Retulainen, P. Fardim, A. Sundberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Speed of paper machines is often limited by the drainage rate of the furnish and the mechanical properties of the wet web, i.e. the tension and relaxation properties. In this study, the effects of alteration of fibre properties and fines content by gentle and harsh refining on dewatering as well as on wet and dry web properties were determined. Both types of refining or addition of fines prolonged the dewatering time but also improved the mechanical properties. Harsh refining with much fibre cutting resulted in longer dewatering time, lower dry content after wet pressing and higher density of dry sheets than gentle refining with much external/internal fibrillation of fibres. Removal of fines shortened the dewatering time but decreased the wet web and dry tensile strength, and the residual tension compared to pulps containing fines. The fibre properties contributed more to the residual tension, while the fines content was more important for the wet web tensile strength. Addition of a non-ionic surfactant shortened the dewatering time of refined pulp without deteriorating the mechanical properties. By tailoring the refining and addition of surfactants, the mechanical properties of the wet web could be improved without prolonging the dewatering time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-111
Number of pages8
JournalNordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

dewatering
Dewatering
Surface-Active Agents
surfactants
refining
surfactant
Surface active agents
Refining
mechanical properties
Fibers
mechanical property
Mechanical properties
tensile strength
Pulp
pulp
Tensile strength
nonionic surfactants
Nonionic surfactants
pressing
Drainage

Keywords

  • Dewatering
  • fines
  • non-ionic surfactant
  • refining
  • wet web strength

Cite this

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title = "The effect of fibre properties, fines content and surfactant addition on dewatering, wet and dry web properties",
abstract = "Speed of paper machines is often limited by the drainage rate of the furnish and the mechanical properties of the wet web, i.e. the tension and relaxation properties. In this study, the effects of alteration of fibre properties and fines content by gentle and harsh refining on dewatering as well as on wet and dry web properties were determined. Both types of refining or addition of fines prolonged the dewatering time but also improved the mechanical properties. Harsh refining with much fibre cutting resulted in longer dewatering time, lower dry content after wet pressing and higher density of dry sheets than gentle refining with much external/internal fibrillation of fibres. Removal of fines shortened the dewatering time but decreased the wet web and dry tensile strength, and the residual tension compared to pulps containing fines. The fibre properties contributed more to the residual tension, while the fines content was more important for the wet web tensile strength. Addition of a non-ionic surfactant shortened the dewatering time of refined pulp without deteriorating the mechanical properties. By tailoring the refining and addition of surfactants, the mechanical properties of the wet web could be improved without prolonging the dewatering time.",
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author = "H. Lindqvist and Kristian Salminen and Janne Kataja-aho and Elias Retulainen and P. Fardim and A. Sundberg",
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The effect of fibre properties, fines content and surfactant addition on dewatering, wet and dry web properties. / Lindqvist, H.; Salminen, Kristian; Kataja-aho, Janne; Retulainen, Elias; Fardim, P.; Sundberg, A.

In: Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2012, p. 104-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of fibre properties, fines content and surfactant addition on dewatering, wet and dry web properties

AU - Lindqvist, H.

AU - Salminen, Kristian

AU - Kataja-aho, Janne

AU - Retulainen, Elias

AU - Fardim, P.

AU - Sundberg, A.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Speed of paper machines is often limited by the drainage rate of the furnish and the mechanical properties of the wet web, i.e. the tension and relaxation properties. In this study, the effects of alteration of fibre properties and fines content by gentle and harsh refining on dewatering as well as on wet and dry web properties were determined. Both types of refining or addition of fines prolonged the dewatering time but also improved the mechanical properties. Harsh refining with much fibre cutting resulted in longer dewatering time, lower dry content after wet pressing and higher density of dry sheets than gentle refining with much external/internal fibrillation of fibres. Removal of fines shortened the dewatering time but decreased the wet web and dry tensile strength, and the residual tension compared to pulps containing fines. The fibre properties contributed more to the residual tension, while the fines content was more important for the wet web tensile strength. Addition of a non-ionic surfactant shortened the dewatering time of refined pulp without deteriorating the mechanical properties. By tailoring the refining and addition of surfactants, the mechanical properties of the wet web could be improved without prolonging the dewatering time.

AB - Speed of paper machines is often limited by the drainage rate of the furnish and the mechanical properties of the wet web, i.e. the tension and relaxation properties. In this study, the effects of alteration of fibre properties and fines content by gentle and harsh refining on dewatering as well as on wet and dry web properties were determined. Both types of refining or addition of fines prolonged the dewatering time but also improved the mechanical properties. Harsh refining with much fibre cutting resulted in longer dewatering time, lower dry content after wet pressing and higher density of dry sheets than gentle refining with much external/internal fibrillation of fibres. Removal of fines shortened the dewatering time but decreased the wet web and dry tensile strength, and the residual tension compared to pulps containing fines. The fibre properties contributed more to the residual tension, while the fines content was more important for the wet web tensile strength. Addition of a non-ionic surfactant shortened the dewatering time of refined pulp without deteriorating the mechanical properties. By tailoring the refining and addition of surfactants, the mechanical properties of the wet web could be improved without prolonging the dewatering time.

KW - Dewatering

KW - fines

KW - non-ionic surfactant

KW - refining

KW - wet web strength

U2 - 10.3183/NPPRJ-2012-27-01-p104-111

DO - 10.3183/NPPRJ-2012-27-01-p104-111

M3 - Article

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EP - 111

JO - Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal

JF - Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal

SN - 0283-2631

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ER -