The effect of financial constraints on energy-climate scenarios

Tommi Ekholm (Corresponding Author), Hamed Ghoddusi, Volker Krey, Keywan Riahi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we discuss the implications of financing constraints for future energy and climate scenarios. Aspirations to improve energy access and electrification rates in developing countries, while simultaneously reducing greenhouse gas emissions, can be seriously hindered by the availability of low-cost capital for the necessary investments. We first provide a brief description of the theoretical foundations for financing constraints in the energy sector. Then, using a broad range of alternate assumptions we introduce capital supply curves to an energy system model for Sub-Saharan Africa, with a specific focus on the power sector. Our results portray the effect of capital cost on technology selection in electricity generation, specifically how limited capital supply decreases investments to capital-intensive zero-emission technologies. As a direct consequence, the emission price required to meet given emission targets is considerably increased when compared to case that disregards the capital constraints. Finally, we discuss possible policy instruments for resolving the constraints.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-572
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume59
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

climate
Gas emissions
Developing countries
Greenhouse gases
energy
Costs
Electricity
Availability
electrification
electricity generation
cost
effect
greenhouse gas
developing world
financing

Keywords

  • climate policy
  • financial constraint
  • scenario

Cite this

Ekholm, Tommi ; Ghoddusi, Hamed ; Krey, Volker ; Riahi, Keywan. / The effect of financial constraints on energy-climate scenarios. In: Energy Policy. 2013 ; Vol. 59. pp. 562-572.
@article{c76c90c6fa4c4041ba7fc26a7fc7052c,
title = "The effect of financial constraints on energy-climate scenarios",
abstract = "In this paper, we discuss the implications of financing constraints for future energy and climate scenarios. Aspirations to improve energy access and electrification rates in developing countries, while simultaneously reducing greenhouse gas emissions, can be seriously hindered by the availability of low-cost capital for the necessary investments. We first provide a brief description of the theoretical foundations for financing constraints in the energy sector. Then, using a broad range of alternate assumptions we introduce capital supply curves to an energy system model for Sub-Saharan Africa, with a specific focus on the power sector. Our results portray the effect of capital cost on technology selection in electricity generation, specifically how limited capital supply decreases investments to capital-intensive zero-emission technologies. As a direct consequence, the emission price required to meet given emission targets is considerably increased when compared to case that disregards the capital constraints. Finally, we discuss possible policy instruments for resolving the constraints.",
keywords = "climate policy, financial constraint, scenario",
author = "Tommi Ekholm and Hamed Ghoddusi and Volker Krey and Keywan Riahi",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.enpol.2013.04.001",
language = "English",
volume = "59",
pages = "562--572",
journal = "Energy Policy",
issn = "0301-4215",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

The effect of financial constraints on energy-climate scenarios. / Ekholm, Tommi (Corresponding Author); Ghoddusi, Hamed; Krey, Volker; Riahi, Keywan.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 59, 2013, p. 562-572.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of financial constraints on energy-climate scenarios

AU - Ekholm, Tommi

AU - Ghoddusi, Hamed

AU - Krey, Volker

AU - Riahi, Keywan

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - In this paper, we discuss the implications of financing constraints for future energy and climate scenarios. Aspirations to improve energy access and electrification rates in developing countries, while simultaneously reducing greenhouse gas emissions, can be seriously hindered by the availability of low-cost capital for the necessary investments. We first provide a brief description of the theoretical foundations for financing constraints in the energy sector. Then, using a broad range of alternate assumptions we introduce capital supply curves to an energy system model for Sub-Saharan Africa, with a specific focus on the power sector. Our results portray the effect of capital cost on technology selection in electricity generation, specifically how limited capital supply decreases investments to capital-intensive zero-emission technologies. As a direct consequence, the emission price required to meet given emission targets is considerably increased when compared to case that disregards the capital constraints. Finally, we discuss possible policy instruments for resolving the constraints.

AB - In this paper, we discuss the implications of financing constraints for future energy and climate scenarios. Aspirations to improve energy access and electrification rates in developing countries, while simultaneously reducing greenhouse gas emissions, can be seriously hindered by the availability of low-cost capital for the necessary investments. We first provide a brief description of the theoretical foundations for financing constraints in the energy sector. Then, using a broad range of alternate assumptions we introduce capital supply curves to an energy system model for Sub-Saharan Africa, with a specific focus on the power sector. Our results portray the effect of capital cost on technology selection in electricity generation, specifically how limited capital supply decreases investments to capital-intensive zero-emission technologies. As a direct consequence, the emission price required to meet given emission targets is considerably increased when compared to case that disregards the capital constraints. Finally, we discuss possible policy instruments for resolving the constraints.

KW - climate policy

KW - financial constraint

KW - scenario

U2 - 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.04.001

DO - 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.04.001

M3 - Article

VL - 59

SP - 562

EP - 572

JO - Energy Policy

JF - Energy Policy

SN - 0301-4215

ER -