The effect of HCl and SO2 on gas phase corrosion of boiler steels

Satu Tuurna, Sroda Szymon, Liisa Heikinheimo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The high temperature corrosion kinetics and mechanism of different steel types, typically used in boiler applications, were investigated. Materials were exposed in simulated moist air atmosphere (8%O2 + 15%H2O) with 200 ppm SO2 and 2000 ppm HCl addition at temperatures of 500 and 600°C. The measured mass mass change for different exposure times up to 360 h shows that in the conditions used the oxidation rate of studied samples obeys parabolic rate law. Corrosion products, growing on tested materials, were analysed by SEM/EDS and XRD techniques. The obtained results indicated a significant influence of gas composition and temperature on the morphology and growth rate of the corrosion product. The presence of chlorine in simulated combustion atmosphere accelerates the oxidation process. In general, the oxidation layers formed in moist air with HCl addition are more prone to spallation, exhibits large porosity and several cracks. The observed morphology and composition of the oxide scales suggest that in this case the corrosion mechanism could be described as active oxidation process. Active oxidation assumes that the oxide scale contains physical defects through which the gas phase chlorine and oxygen can diffuse to reach the scale/metal interface. Then the iron is chlorinated, and volatile or condensed FeCl2 can form. In contrast, in the most of the studied cases the presence of sulphur seems to slow down the corrosion rate. The growing scales are more dense and adherent to the base metal. The sulphides, which were formed mainly at metal/scale interface, may play the significant role in ion transport through the scale
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages233-243
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6292-5
ISBN (Print)951-38-6291-7
Publication statusPublished - 2004
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
EventBALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants - Helsinki-Stockholm, Finland
Duration: 8 Jun 200410 Jun 2004

Publication series

SeriesVTT Symposium
Number233
ISSN0357-9387

Conference

ConferenceBALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants
CountryFinland
CityHelsinki-Stockholm
Period8/06/0410/06/04

Fingerprint

Steel
Boilers
Gases
Corrosion
Oxidation
Metals
Chlorine
Oxides
Sulfides
Air
Corrosion rate
Chemical analysis
Sulfur
Temperature
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Iron
Porosity
Ions
Oxygen
Cracks

Cite this

Tuurna, S., Szymon, S., & Heikinheimo, L. (2004). The effect of HCl and SO2 on gas phase corrosion of boiler steels. In BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1 (pp. 233-243). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 233
Tuurna, Satu ; Szymon, Sroda ; Heikinheimo, Liisa. / The effect of HCl and SO2 on gas phase corrosion of boiler steels. BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2004. pp. 233-243 (VTT Symposium; No. 233).
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abstract = "The high temperature corrosion kinetics and mechanism of different steel types, typically used in boiler applications, were investigated. Materials were exposed in simulated moist air atmosphere (8{\%}O2 + 15{\%}H2O) with 200 ppm SO2 and 2000 ppm HCl addition at temperatures of 500 and 600°C. The measured mass mass change for different exposure times up to 360 h shows that in the conditions used the oxidation rate of studied samples obeys parabolic rate law. Corrosion products, growing on tested materials, were analysed by SEM/EDS and XRD techniques. The obtained results indicated a significant influence of gas composition and temperature on the morphology and growth rate of the corrosion product. The presence of chlorine in simulated combustion atmosphere accelerates the oxidation process. In general, the oxidation layers formed in moist air with HCl addition are more prone to spallation, exhibits large porosity and several cracks. The observed morphology and composition of the oxide scales suggest that in this case the corrosion mechanism could be described as active oxidation process. Active oxidation assumes that the oxide scale contains physical defects through which the gas phase chlorine and oxygen can diffuse to reach the scale/metal interface. Then the iron is chlorinated, and volatile or condensed FeCl2 can form. In contrast, in the most of the studied cases the presence of sulphur seems to slow down the corrosion rate. The growing scales are more dense and adherent to the base metal. The sulphides, which were formed mainly at metal/scale interface, may play the significant role in ion transport through the scale",
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Tuurna, S, Szymon, S & Heikinheimo, L 2004, The effect of HCl and SO2 on gas phase corrosion of boiler steels. in BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 233, pp. 233-243, BALTICA VI - Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants, Helsinki-Stockholm, Finland, 8/06/04.

The effect of HCl and SO2 on gas phase corrosion of boiler steels. / Tuurna, Satu; Szymon, Sroda; Heikinheimo, Liisa.

BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2004. p. 233-243 (VTT Symposium; No. 233).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - The effect of HCl and SO2 on gas phase corrosion of boiler steels

AU - Tuurna, Satu

AU - Szymon, Sroda

AU - Heikinheimo, Liisa

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - The high temperature corrosion kinetics and mechanism of different steel types, typically used in boiler applications, were investigated. Materials were exposed in simulated moist air atmosphere (8%O2 + 15%H2O) with 200 ppm SO2 and 2000 ppm HCl addition at temperatures of 500 and 600°C. The measured mass mass change for different exposure times up to 360 h shows that in the conditions used the oxidation rate of studied samples obeys parabolic rate law. Corrosion products, growing on tested materials, were analysed by SEM/EDS and XRD techniques. The obtained results indicated a significant influence of gas composition and temperature on the morphology and growth rate of the corrosion product. The presence of chlorine in simulated combustion atmosphere accelerates the oxidation process. In general, the oxidation layers formed in moist air with HCl addition are more prone to spallation, exhibits large porosity and several cracks. The observed morphology and composition of the oxide scales suggest that in this case the corrosion mechanism could be described as active oxidation process. Active oxidation assumes that the oxide scale contains physical defects through which the gas phase chlorine and oxygen can diffuse to reach the scale/metal interface. Then the iron is chlorinated, and volatile or condensed FeCl2 can form. In contrast, in the most of the studied cases the presence of sulphur seems to slow down the corrosion rate. The growing scales are more dense and adherent to the base metal. The sulphides, which were formed mainly at metal/scale interface, may play the significant role in ion transport through the scale

AB - The high temperature corrosion kinetics and mechanism of different steel types, typically used in boiler applications, were investigated. Materials were exposed in simulated moist air atmosphere (8%O2 + 15%H2O) with 200 ppm SO2 and 2000 ppm HCl addition at temperatures of 500 and 600°C. The measured mass mass change for different exposure times up to 360 h shows that in the conditions used the oxidation rate of studied samples obeys parabolic rate law. Corrosion products, growing on tested materials, were analysed by SEM/EDS and XRD techniques. The obtained results indicated a significant influence of gas composition and temperature on the morphology and growth rate of the corrosion product. The presence of chlorine in simulated combustion atmosphere accelerates the oxidation process. In general, the oxidation layers formed in moist air with HCl addition are more prone to spallation, exhibits large porosity and several cracks. The observed morphology and composition of the oxide scales suggest that in this case the corrosion mechanism could be described as active oxidation process. Active oxidation assumes that the oxide scale contains physical defects through which the gas phase chlorine and oxygen can diffuse to reach the scale/metal interface. Then the iron is chlorinated, and volatile or condensed FeCl2 can form. In contrast, in the most of the studied cases the presence of sulphur seems to slow down the corrosion rate. The growing scales are more dense and adherent to the base metal. The sulphides, which were formed mainly at metal/scale interface, may play the significant role in ion transport through the scale

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 951-38-6291-7

T3 - VTT Symposium

SP - 233

EP - 243

BT - BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Tuurna S, Szymon S, Heikinheimo L. The effect of HCl and SO2 on gas phase corrosion of boiler steels. In BALTICA VI - Life management and maintenance for power plants. Vol. 1. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2004. p. 233-243. (VTT Symposium; No. 233).