The effect of hypochlorite treatment on stainless steel performance and fouling in cooling water cycles

Pauliina Rajala, Maija Marja-aho, Leena Carpén

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    Abstract

    Water-cooling using natural waters is typically utilized for cooling large industrial facilities such as power plants. Cooling systems using natural water are susceptible to biofouling, which refers to the undesirable accumulation of biotic deposits on a surface. In the industrial systems, the biofouling together with inorganic fouling and scaling can cause problems such as an increase in the flow resistance of pipelines or a decrease in the thermal transfer capacity of the heat exchangers, and corrosion. Chemical cleaning of the affected area, for example hypochlorite treatment, is the main method used for removing unwanted biofilms in the cooling water systems. The corrosion behaviour of two stainless steels (AISI 316, SMO 254) in the cooling water cycle of a power plant using hypochlorite as an antifouling biocide and the efficiency of the hypochlorite treatment against fouling were studied here. The corrosion rate and biofouling were monitored during the three- month experiment period by using LPR-technique and a commercial biofouling-probe. The chlorination pulse increased momentarily the corrosion rate of both stainless steels. The detected corrosion rates were so low that visible corrosion could not be detected within the experiment time. The used chlorination dose proved to be efficient against biofouling during the experiment period. The results highlight the importance of the optimization of usage of the biocides in both materials performance and biofouling prevention.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the Eurocorr 2017
    PublisherEuropean Federation of Corrosion EFC
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    Event20th International Corrosion Congress & Process Safety Congress 2017, Eurocorr 2017 - Prague, Czech Republic
    Duration: 3 Sep 20177 Sep 2017
    http://www.prague-corrosion-2017.com/

    Conference

    Conference20th International Corrosion Congress & Process Safety Congress 2017, Eurocorr 2017
    Abbreviated titleEurocorr 2017
    CountryCzech Republic
    CityPrague
    Period3/09/177/09/17
    Internet address

    Fingerprint

    Hypochlorous Acid
    hydrological cycle
    Biofouling
    fouling
    Stainless Steel
    Cooling water
    Fouling
    stainless steels
    corrosion
    Stainless steel
    cooling
    Corrosion rate
    chlorination
    Biocides
    liquid cooling
    Disinfectants
    Chlorination
    power plants
    Corrosion
    Power plants

    Keywords

    • biofouling
    • microfouling
    • cooling water
    • stainless steel
    • hypochlorite

    Cite this

    Rajala, P., Marja-aho, M., & Carpén, L. (2017). The effect of hypochlorite treatment on stainless steel performance and fouling in cooling water cycles. In Proceedings of the Eurocorr 2017 European Federation of Corrosion EFC.
    Rajala, Pauliina ; Marja-aho, Maija ; Carpén, Leena. / The effect of hypochlorite treatment on stainless steel performance and fouling in cooling water cycles. Proceedings of the Eurocorr 2017. European Federation of Corrosion EFC, 2017.
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    title = "The effect of hypochlorite treatment on stainless steel performance and fouling in cooling water cycles",
    abstract = "Water-cooling using natural waters is typically utilized for cooling large industrial facilities such as power plants. Cooling systems using natural water are susceptible to biofouling, which refers to the undesirable accumulation of biotic deposits on a surface. In the industrial systems, the biofouling together with inorganic fouling and scaling can cause problems such as an increase in the flow resistance of pipelines or a decrease in the thermal transfer capacity of the heat exchangers, and corrosion. Chemical cleaning of the affected area, for example hypochlorite treatment, is the main method used for removing unwanted biofilms in the cooling water systems. The corrosion behaviour of two stainless steels (AISI 316, SMO 254) in the cooling water cycle of a power plant using hypochlorite as an antifouling biocide and the efficiency of the hypochlorite treatment against fouling were studied here. The corrosion rate and biofouling were monitored during the three- month experiment period by using LPR-technique and a commercial biofouling-probe. The chlorination pulse increased momentarily the corrosion rate of both stainless steels. The detected corrosion rates were so low that visible corrosion could not be detected within the experiment time. The used chlorination dose proved to be efficient against biofouling during the experiment period. The results highlight the importance of the optimization of usage of the biocides in both materials performance and biofouling prevention.",
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    author = "Pauliina Rajala and Maija Marja-aho and Leena Carp{\'e}n",
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    Rajala, P, Marja-aho, M & Carpén, L 2017, The effect of hypochlorite treatment on stainless steel performance and fouling in cooling water cycles. in Proceedings of the Eurocorr 2017. European Federation of Corrosion EFC, 20th International Corrosion Congress & Process Safety Congress 2017, Eurocorr 2017, Prague, Czech Republic, 3/09/17.

    The effect of hypochlorite treatment on stainless steel performance and fouling in cooling water cycles. / Rajala, Pauliina; Marja-aho, Maija; Carpén, Leena.

    Proceedings of the Eurocorr 2017. European Federation of Corrosion EFC, 2017.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    TY - GEN

    T1 - The effect of hypochlorite treatment on stainless steel performance and fouling in cooling water cycles

    AU - Rajala, Pauliina

    AU - Marja-aho, Maija

    AU - Carpén, Leena

    PY - 2017/1/1

    Y1 - 2017/1/1

    N2 - Water-cooling using natural waters is typically utilized for cooling large industrial facilities such as power plants. Cooling systems using natural water are susceptible to biofouling, which refers to the undesirable accumulation of biotic deposits on a surface. In the industrial systems, the biofouling together with inorganic fouling and scaling can cause problems such as an increase in the flow resistance of pipelines or a decrease in the thermal transfer capacity of the heat exchangers, and corrosion. Chemical cleaning of the affected area, for example hypochlorite treatment, is the main method used for removing unwanted biofilms in the cooling water systems. The corrosion behaviour of two stainless steels (AISI 316, SMO 254) in the cooling water cycle of a power plant using hypochlorite as an antifouling biocide and the efficiency of the hypochlorite treatment against fouling were studied here. The corrosion rate and biofouling were monitored during the three- month experiment period by using LPR-technique and a commercial biofouling-probe. The chlorination pulse increased momentarily the corrosion rate of both stainless steels. The detected corrosion rates were so low that visible corrosion could not be detected within the experiment time. The used chlorination dose proved to be efficient against biofouling during the experiment period. The results highlight the importance of the optimization of usage of the biocides in both materials performance and biofouling prevention.

    AB - Water-cooling using natural waters is typically utilized for cooling large industrial facilities such as power plants. Cooling systems using natural water are susceptible to biofouling, which refers to the undesirable accumulation of biotic deposits on a surface. In the industrial systems, the biofouling together with inorganic fouling and scaling can cause problems such as an increase in the flow resistance of pipelines or a decrease in the thermal transfer capacity of the heat exchangers, and corrosion. Chemical cleaning of the affected area, for example hypochlorite treatment, is the main method used for removing unwanted biofilms in the cooling water systems. The corrosion behaviour of two stainless steels (AISI 316, SMO 254) in the cooling water cycle of a power plant using hypochlorite as an antifouling biocide and the efficiency of the hypochlorite treatment against fouling were studied here. The corrosion rate and biofouling were monitored during the three- month experiment period by using LPR-technique and a commercial biofouling-probe. The chlorination pulse increased momentarily the corrosion rate of both stainless steels. The detected corrosion rates were so low that visible corrosion could not be detected within the experiment time. The used chlorination dose proved to be efficient against biofouling during the experiment period. The results highlight the importance of the optimization of usage of the biocides in both materials performance and biofouling prevention.

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    KW - stainless steel

    KW - hypochlorite

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    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    BT - Proceedings of the Eurocorr 2017

    PB - European Federation of Corrosion EFC

    ER -

    Rajala P, Marja-aho M, Carpén L. The effect of hypochlorite treatment on stainless steel performance and fouling in cooling water cycles. In Proceedings of the Eurocorr 2017. European Federation of Corrosion EFC. 2017