The effect of metakaolin on chloride penetration into concrete

Miguel Ferreira, Pedro M. Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extensive research and practical experience have shown that partial replacement of cement by metakaolin improves concrete durability as a result of the refinement of the pore structure. While literature confirms much research on the performance of concrete with metakaolin, it is scarce concerning the performance with regards to chloride penetration. For the study, reference mixes where made with CEM I 42,5R cement. Two contents levels where defined: 330 kg/m3 and 440 kg/m3 based on mix designs currently used in the ready-mix
industry for C20/25 and C30/37 concretes. Cement was partially replaced with metakaolin with levels varying from 10-20%. All mixes where tested for compressive strength, electrical resistivity and chloride diffusion characteristics (migration and immersion testing). The results demonstrate the improved resistance to chloride penetration of concretes with metakaolin additions. In addition, a beneficial effect on strength and durability properties of metakaolin also observed. Service life design calculations of reinforced concrete structures in marine environment based on the result obtained show a significant increase in the time to fulfill the serviceability limit state of corrosion initiation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-130
JournalNordic Concrete Research
Volume43
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
EventXXI Nordic Concrete Research Symposium - Hotel Rantasipi Aulanko, Hämeenlinna, Finland
Duration: 30 May 20111 Jun 2011

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Concretes
Cements
Durability
Pore structure
Concrete construction
Service life
Compressive strength
Reinforced concrete
Corrosion
Testing

Keywords

  • durability
  • metakaolin
  • chloride penetration
  • electrical resistivity
  • service life

Cite this

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The effect of metakaolin on chloride penetration into concrete. / Ferreira, Miguel; Costa, Pedro M.

In: Nordic Concrete Research, Vol. 43, 2011, p. 127-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of metakaolin on chloride penetration into concrete

AU - Ferreira, Miguel

AU - Costa, Pedro M.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Extensive research and practical experience have shown that partial replacement of cement by metakaolin improves concrete durability as a result of the refinement of the pore structure. While literature confirms much research on the performance of concrete with metakaolin, it is scarce concerning the performance with regards to chloride penetration. For the study, reference mixes where made with CEM I 42,5R cement. Two contents levels where defined: 330 kg/m3 and 440 kg/m3 based on mix designs currently used in the ready-mixindustry for C20/25 and C30/37 concretes. Cement was partially replaced with metakaolin with levels varying from 10-20%. All mixes where tested for compressive strength, electrical resistivity and chloride diffusion characteristics (migration and immersion testing). The results demonstrate the improved resistance to chloride penetration of concretes with metakaolin additions. In addition, a beneficial effect on strength and durability properties of metakaolin also observed. Service life design calculations of reinforced concrete structures in marine environment based on the result obtained show a significant increase in the time to fulfill the serviceability limit state of corrosion initiation.

AB - Extensive research and practical experience have shown that partial replacement of cement by metakaolin improves concrete durability as a result of the refinement of the pore structure. While literature confirms much research on the performance of concrete with metakaolin, it is scarce concerning the performance with regards to chloride penetration. For the study, reference mixes where made with CEM I 42,5R cement. Two contents levels where defined: 330 kg/m3 and 440 kg/m3 based on mix designs currently used in the ready-mixindustry for C20/25 and C30/37 concretes. Cement was partially replaced with metakaolin with levels varying from 10-20%. All mixes where tested for compressive strength, electrical resistivity and chloride diffusion characteristics (migration and immersion testing). The results demonstrate the improved resistance to chloride penetration of concretes with metakaolin additions. In addition, a beneficial effect on strength and durability properties of metakaolin also observed. Service life design calculations of reinforced concrete structures in marine environment based on the result obtained show a significant increase in the time to fulfill the serviceability limit state of corrosion initiation.

KW - durability

KW - metakaolin

KW - chloride penetration

KW - electrical resistivity

KW - service life

M3 - Article

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SP - 127

EP - 130

JO - Nordic Concrete Research

JF - Nordic Concrete Research

SN - 0800-6377

ER -