The effect of microstructure on Low-Temperature Crack Propagation (LTCP) susceptibility of nickel-based Alloy 182, 152 and 52 weld metals in PWR primary water

Matias Ahonen, Ulla Ehrnstén, Tapio Saukkonen, O. Todoshchenko, H. Hänninen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The effect of microstructure on the Low Temperature Crack Propagation (LTCP) susceptibility of the nickel-based Alloy 182, 152 and 52 weld metals was studied comparing the obtained results from J-R tests, thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) fractography. The single edge bend (SE(B)) specimens were tested in hydrogenated (100, 30 and 5 cm3 H2/kg H2O) low temperature (55 ?C) water with and without exposure to high temperature hydrogenated PWR water (24 h or 30 days at 300?C) prior to loading at 55 ?C. The obtained J-R test results show that Alloy 182 is the most susceptible nickel-based weld metal to LTCP, whereas Alloy 52 retains its high fracture resistance in hydrogenated water with low hydrogen contents. The results obtained for all-weld metal Alloy 52 showed, however, a clear reduction of fracture resistance when tested at a high hydrogen content (100 cm3 H2/kg H2O), whereas narrow gap mock-up dissimilar metal weld (DMW) Alloy 52 showed to be considerably less susceptible to LTCP in the corresponding environment. Hydrogen content measurements show that bulk hydrogen concentrations of Alloy 182 and 152 weld metal samples decrease during the high temperature water exposure, even when exposed to water containing 30 cm3 H2/kg H2O. Also the fracture resistance values are improved after high temperature water exposure. Microstructural characterisation of fracture surfaces was performed using SEM and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). A clear relation between the low fracture resistance values and intergranular/interdendritic type of fracture was observed. The effect of grain boundary carbides and their trapping properties are discussed based on obtained SEM/EDS and TDS results.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Fontevraud 8
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventFontevraud 8: Conference on Contribution of Materials Investigations and Operating Experience to LWRs' Safety, Performance and Reliability - Avignon, France
Duration: 15 Sep 201418 Sep 2014

Conference

ConferenceFontevraud 8
CountryFrance
CityAvignon
Period15/09/1418/09/14

Fingerprint

Crack propagation
Welds
Nickel
Microstructure
Metals
Fracture toughness
Water
Thermal desorption spectroscopy
Hydrogen
Electron microscopes
Temperature
Scanning
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Dissimilar metals
Fractography
Carbides
Grain boundaries

Keywords

  • LTCP
  • nickel-based alloys
  • hydrogen trapping

Cite this

@inproceedings{ddeef24d58454f84a33b827a4aea294b,
title = "The effect of microstructure on Low-Temperature Crack Propagation (LTCP) susceptibility of nickel-based Alloy 182, 152 and 52 weld metals in PWR primary water",
abstract = "The effect of microstructure on the Low Temperature Crack Propagation (LTCP) susceptibility of the nickel-based Alloy 182, 152 and 52 weld metals was studied comparing the obtained results from J-R tests, thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) fractography. The single edge bend (SE(B)) specimens were tested in hydrogenated (100, 30 and 5 cm3 H2/kg H2O) low temperature (55 ?C) water with and without exposure to high temperature hydrogenated PWR water (24 h or 30 days at 300?C) prior to loading at 55 ?C. The obtained J-R test results show that Alloy 182 is the most susceptible nickel-based weld metal to LTCP, whereas Alloy 52 retains its high fracture resistance in hydrogenated water with low hydrogen contents. The results obtained for all-weld metal Alloy 52 showed, however, a clear reduction of fracture resistance when tested at a high hydrogen content (100 cm3 H2/kg H2O), whereas narrow gap mock-up dissimilar metal weld (DMW) Alloy 52 showed to be considerably less susceptible to LTCP in the corresponding environment. Hydrogen content measurements show that bulk hydrogen concentrations of Alloy 182 and 152 weld metal samples decrease during the high temperature water exposure, even when exposed to water containing 30 cm3 H2/kg H2O. Also the fracture resistance values are improved after high temperature water exposure. Microstructural characterisation of fracture surfaces was performed using SEM and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). A clear relation between the low fracture resistance values and intergranular/interdendritic type of fracture was observed. The effect of grain boundary carbides and their trapping properties are discussed based on obtained SEM/EDS and TDS results.",
keywords = "LTCP, nickel-based alloys, hydrogen trapping",
author = "Matias Ahonen and Ulla Ehrnst{\'e}n and Tapio Saukkonen and O. Todoshchenko and H. H{\"a}nninen",
note = "Project code: 81611",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
booktitle = "Proceedings of Fontevraud 8",

}

Ahonen, M, Ehrnstén, U, Saukkonen, T, Todoshchenko, O & Hänninen, H 2014, The effect of microstructure on Low-Temperature Crack Propagation (LTCP) susceptibility of nickel-based Alloy 182, 152 and 52 weld metals in PWR primary water. in Proceedings of Fontevraud 8 . Fontevraud 8, Avignon, France, 15/09/14.

The effect of microstructure on Low-Temperature Crack Propagation (LTCP) susceptibility of nickel-based Alloy 182, 152 and 52 weld metals in PWR primary water. / Ahonen, Matias; Ehrnstén, Ulla; Saukkonen, Tapio; Todoshchenko, O.; Hänninen, H.

Proceedings of Fontevraud 8 . 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - The effect of microstructure on Low-Temperature Crack Propagation (LTCP) susceptibility of nickel-based Alloy 182, 152 and 52 weld metals in PWR primary water

AU - Ahonen, Matias

AU - Ehrnstén, Ulla

AU - Saukkonen, Tapio

AU - Todoshchenko, O.

AU - Hänninen, H.

N1 - Project code: 81611

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The effect of microstructure on the Low Temperature Crack Propagation (LTCP) susceptibility of the nickel-based Alloy 182, 152 and 52 weld metals was studied comparing the obtained results from J-R tests, thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) fractography. The single edge bend (SE(B)) specimens were tested in hydrogenated (100, 30 and 5 cm3 H2/kg H2O) low temperature (55 ?C) water with and without exposure to high temperature hydrogenated PWR water (24 h or 30 days at 300?C) prior to loading at 55 ?C. The obtained J-R test results show that Alloy 182 is the most susceptible nickel-based weld metal to LTCP, whereas Alloy 52 retains its high fracture resistance in hydrogenated water with low hydrogen contents. The results obtained for all-weld metal Alloy 52 showed, however, a clear reduction of fracture resistance when tested at a high hydrogen content (100 cm3 H2/kg H2O), whereas narrow gap mock-up dissimilar metal weld (DMW) Alloy 52 showed to be considerably less susceptible to LTCP in the corresponding environment. Hydrogen content measurements show that bulk hydrogen concentrations of Alloy 182 and 152 weld metal samples decrease during the high temperature water exposure, even when exposed to water containing 30 cm3 H2/kg H2O. Also the fracture resistance values are improved after high temperature water exposure. Microstructural characterisation of fracture surfaces was performed using SEM and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). A clear relation between the low fracture resistance values and intergranular/interdendritic type of fracture was observed. The effect of grain boundary carbides and their trapping properties are discussed based on obtained SEM/EDS and TDS results.

AB - The effect of microstructure on the Low Temperature Crack Propagation (LTCP) susceptibility of the nickel-based Alloy 182, 152 and 52 weld metals was studied comparing the obtained results from J-R tests, thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) fractography. The single edge bend (SE(B)) specimens were tested in hydrogenated (100, 30 and 5 cm3 H2/kg H2O) low temperature (55 ?C) water with and without exposure to high temperature hydrogenated PWR water (24 h or 30 days at 300?C) prior to loading at 55 ?C. The obtained J-R test results show that Alloy 182 is the most susceptible nickel-based weld metal to LTCP, whereas Alloy 52 retains its high fracture resistance in hydrogenated water with low hydrogen contents. The results obtained for all-weld metal Alloy 52 showed, however, a clear reduction of fracture resistance when tested at a high hydrogen content (100 cm3 H2/kg H2O), whereas narrow gap mock-up dissimilar metal weld (DMW) Alloy 52 showed to be considerably less susceptible to LTCP in the corresponding environment. Hydrogen content measurements show that bulk hydrogen concentrations of Alloy 182 and 152 weld metal samples decrease during the high temperature water exposure, even when exposed to water containing 30 cm3 H2/kg H2O. Also the fracture resistance values are improved after high temperature water exposure. Microstructural characterisation of fracture surfaces was performed using SEM and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). A clear relation between the low fracture resistance values and intergranular/interdendritic type of fracture was observed. The effect of grain boundary carbides and their trapping properties are discussed based on obtained SEM/EDS and TDS results.

KW - LTCP

KW - nickel-based alloys

KW - hydrogen trapping

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

BT - Proceedings of Fontevraud 8

ER -