The effect of side-chain length of cellulose fatty acid esters on their thermal, barrier and mechanical properties

Pia Willberg-Keyriläinen, Jari Vartiainen, Ali Harlin, Jarmo Ropponen (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Currently, long-chain cellulose esters are not produced commercially because of high price, and since their preparation typically requires a large quantity of chemicals. To reduce the chemical consumption, cellulose reactivity needs to be increased without losing its quality. One way to increase the reactivity of cellulose is to decrease its molar mass in a controlled manner. In this study, we have synthesized cellulose esters with different side-chain length (C6-C18) in a homogeneous system using ozone molar mass-controlled cellulose. The target was to keep the degree of substitution as low as possible while still ensuring the suitability of cellulose esters for solvent casting. Thermal, barrier and mechanical properties were studied depending on cellulose fatty acid ester side-chain length. All our molar mass-controlled cellulose esters form optically transparent, flexible and heat-sealable films with good water barrier properties and are processable without the addition of an external plasticizer. Furthermore, the films have mechanical properties comparable to some generally used plastics. These good properties suggest that our molar mass-controlled cellulose esters could be potential candidates for various applications such as films and composites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-517
Number of pages13
JournalCellulose
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Chain length
Fatty acids
Cellulose
Esters
Fatty Acids
Mechanical properties
Molar mass
Hot Temperature
Plasticizers
Ozone
Casting
Substitution reactions
Plastics
Water
Composite materials

Keywords

  • long-chain cellulose esters
  • molar mass controlled cellulose
  • thermal properties
  • barrier properties
  • mechanical properties

Cite this

@article{77ac49f8324b4bbb9844875eb14e2ac9,
title = "The effect of side-chain length of cellulose fatty acid esters on their thermal, barrier and mechanical properties",
abstract = "Currently, long-chain cellulose esters are not produced commercially because of high price, and since their preparation typically requires a large quantity of chemicals. To reduce the chemical consumption, cellulose reactivity needs to be increased without losing its quality. One way to increase the reactivity of cellulose is to decrease its molar mass in a controlled manner. In this study, we have synthesized cellulose esters with different side-chain length (C6-C18) in a homogeneous system using ozone molar mass-controlled cellulose. The target was to keep the degree of substitution as low as possible while still ensuring the suitability of cellulose esters for solvent casting. Thermal, barrier and mechanical properties were studied depending on cellulose fatty acid ester side-chain length. All our molar mass-controlled cellulose esters form optically transparent, flexible and heat-sealable films with good water barrier properties and are processable without the addition of an external plasticizer. Furthermore, the films have mechanical properties comparable to some generally used plastics. These good properties suggest that our molar mass-controlled cellulose esters could be potential candidates for various applications such as films and composites.",
keywords = "long-chain cellulose esters, molar mass controlled cellulose, thermal properties, barrier properties, mechanical properties",
author = "Pia Willberg-Keyril{\"a}inen and Jari Vartiainen and Ali Harlin and Jarmo Ropponen",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1007/s10570-016-1165-x",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "505--517",
journal = "Cellulose",
issn = "0969-0239",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "2",

}

The effect of side-chain length of cellulose fatty acid esters on their thermal, barrier and mechanical properties. / Willberg-Keyriläinen, Pia; Vartiainen, Jari; Harlin, Ali; Ropponen, Jarmo (Corresponding Author).

In: Cellulose, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2017, p. 505-517.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of side-chain length of cellulose fatty acid esters on their thermal, barrier and mechanical properties

AU - Willberg-Keyriläinen, Pia

AU - Vartiainen, Jari

AU - Harlin, Ali

AU - Ropponen, Jarmo

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Currently, long-chain cellulose esters are not produced commercially because of high price, and since their preparation typically requires a large quantity of chemicals. To reduce the chemical consumption, cellulose reactivity needs to be increased without losing its quality. One way to increase the reactivity of cellulose is to decrease its molar mass in a controlled manner. In this study, we have synthesized cellulose esters with different side-chain length (C6-C18) in a homogeneous system using ozone molar mass-controlled cellulose. The target was to keep the degree of substitution as low as possible while still ensuring the suitability of cellulose esters for solvent casting. Thermal, barrier and mechanical properties were studied depending on cellulose fatty acid ester side-chain length. All our molar mass-controlled cellulose esters form optically transparent, flexible and heat-sealable films with good water barrier properties and are processable without the addition of an external plasticizer. Furthermore, the films have mechanical properties comparable to some generally used plastics. These good properties suggest that our molar mass-controlled cellulose esters could be potential candidates for various applications such as films and composites.

AB - Currently, long-chain cellulose esters are not produced commercially because of high price, and since their preparation typically requires a large quantity of chemicals. To reduce the chemical consumption, cellulose reactivity needs to be increased without losing its quality. One way to increase the reactivity of cellulose is to decrease its molar mass in a controlled manner. In this study, we have synthesized cellulose esters with different side-chain length (C6-C18) in a homogeneous system using ozone molar mass-controlled cellulose. The target was to keep the degree of substitution as low as possible while still ensuring the suitability of cellulose esters for solvent casting. Thermal, barrier and mechanical properties were studied depending on cellulose fatty acid ester side-chain length. All our molar mass-controlled cellulose esters form optically transparent, flexible and heat-sealable films with good water barrier properties and are processable without the addition of an external plasticizer. Furthermore, the films have mechanical properties comparable to some generally used plastics. These good properties suggest that our molar mass-controlled cellulose esters could be potential candidates for various applications such as films and composites.

KW - long-chain cellulose esters

KW - molar mass controlled cellulose

KW - thermal properties

KW - barrier properties

KW - mechanical properties

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85007194580&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10570-016-1165-x

DO - 10.1007/s10570-016-1165-x

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 505

EP - 517

JO - Cellulose

JF - Cellulose

SN - 0969-0239

IS - 2

ER -