The effect of sulphide exposure on the mechanical behaviour of OFP copper

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    A Japanese research group reported in 2008 susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking of oxygen free phosphorous doped copper (CuOFP) in sulphide containing sea water at T = 80°C and under uniaxial slow dynamical loading conditions. More evidence for stress corrosion cracking has not been found under multiaxial constant loading conditions in sulphide containing groundwater at T = 25°C. Indications of possible sulphur ingress to CuOFP grain boundaries from sulphide containing groundwater were found, which initiated further studies on the possibility of grain boundary embrittlement through such ingress. Further studies were conducted in order to clarify the effect of sulphide exposure on the mechanical behaviour of CuOFP. Tensile and creep tests were performed with specimens exposed to sulphide and reference specimens. In the studies presented in this paper only small con-centrations or no sulphur at all was found on fracture surfaces, in contradiction with earlier studies with precracked compact tension (CT) specimens under constant load. It is suggested that the high concentrations found earlier may have been caused by the method of opening up the fracture surfaces (i.e. post-exposure fatigue in air) and thus be an artefact. The tensile tests performed after the exposure to sulphide containing ground-water indicate a degrading influence of the exposure on mechanical properties of CuOFP. The result is based on adequate number of specimens and a standard test practise. The creep tests performed within the studies presented in this paper seem to indicate a minor degrading influence of the exposure to sulphide containing groundwater. However, when compared with all the publicly available creep data on CuOFP from different heats and laboratories the current finding is still within the scatter band.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBaltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants
    EditorsPertti Auerkari, Juha Veivo
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Pages395-410
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-8025-5, 978-951-38-8026-2
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventBALTICA IX - International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants - Helsinki-Stockholm, Finland
    Duration: 11 Jun 201313 Jun 2013

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Technology
    Number106
    ISSN2242-1211

    Conference

    ConferenceBALTICA IX - International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants
    CountryFinland
    CityHelsinki-Stockholm
    Period11/06/1313/06/13

    Fingerprint

    Copper
    Groundwater
    Creep
    Stress corrosion cracking
    Grain boundaries
    Sulfur
    Embrittlement
    Sulfides
    Fatigue of materials
    Mechanical properties
    Oxygen
    Air
    Water

    Cite this

    Sipilä, K., Arilahti, E., Lehtikuusi, T., Saario, T., & Varis, P. (2013). The effect of sulphide exposure on the mechanical behaviour of OFP copper. In P. Auerkari, & J. Veivo (Eds.), Baltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants (pp. 395-410). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Technology, No. 106
    Sipilä, Konsta ; Arilahti, Esko ; Lehtikuusi, Taru ; Saario, Timo ; Varis, Päivi. / The effect of sulphide exposure on the mechanical behaviour of OFP copper. Baltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. editor / Pertti Auerkari ; Juha Veivo. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2013. pp. 395-410 (VTT Technology; No. 106).
    @inproceedings{b8816e37a288435b982b907dcb6946bf,
    title = "The effect of sulphide exposure on the mechanical behaviour of OFP copper",
    abstract = "A Japanese research group reported in 2008 susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking of oxygen free phosphorous doped copper (CuOFP) in sulphide containing sea water at T = 80°C and under uniaxial slow dynamical loading conditions. More evidence for stress corrosion cracking has not been found under multiaxial constant loading conditions in sulphide containing groundwater at T = 25°C. Indications of possible sulphur ingress to CuOFP grain boundaries from sulphide containing groundwater were found, which initiated further studies on the possibility of grain boundary embrittlement through such ingress. Further studies were conducted in order to clarify the effect of sulphide exposure on the mechanical behaviour of CuOFP. Tensile and creep tests were performed with specimens exposed to sulphide and reference specimens. In the studies presented in this paper only small con-centrations or no sulphur at all was found on fracture surfaces, in contradiction with earlier studies with precracked compact tension (CT) specimens under constant load. It is suggested that the high concentrations found earlier may have been caused by the method of opening up the fracture surfaces (i.e. post-exposure fatigue in air) and thus be an artefact. The tensile tests performed after the exposure to sulphide containing ground-water indicate a degrading influence of the exposure on mechanical properties of CuOFP. The result is based on adequate number of specimens and a standard test practise. The creep tests performed within the studies presented in this paper seem to indicate a minor degrading influence of the exposure to sulphide containing groundwater. However, when compared with all the publicly available creep data on CuOFP from different heats and laboratories the current finding is still within the scatter band.",
    author = "Konsta Sipil{\"a} and Esko Arilahti and Taru Lehtikuusi and Timo Saario and P{\"a}ivi Varis",
    year = "2013",
    language = "English",
    series = "VTT Technology",
    publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
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    Sipilä, K, Arilahti, E, Lehtikuusi, T, Saario, T & Varis, P 2013, The effect of sulphide exposure on the mechanical behaviour of OFP copper. in P Auerkari & J Veivo (eds), Baltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Technology, no. 106, pp. 395-410, BALTICA IX - International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants, Helsinki-Stockholm, Finland, 11/06/13.

    The effect of sulphide exposure on the mechanical behaviour of OFP copper. / Sipilä, Konsta; Arilahti, Esko; Lehtikuusi, Taru; Saario, Timo; Varis, Päivi.

    Baltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. ed. / Pertti Auerkari; Juha Veivo. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2013. p. 395-410 (VTT Technology; No. 106).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Arilahti, Esko

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    AU - Saario, Timo

    AU - Varis, Päivi

    PY - 2013

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    N2 - A Japanese research group reported in 2008 susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking of oxygen free phosphorous doped copper (CuOFP) in sulphide containing sea water at T = 80°C and under uniaxial slow dynamical loading conditions. More evidence for stress corrosion cracking has not been found under multiaxial constant loading conditions in sulphide containing groundwater at T = 25°C. Indications of possible sulphur ingress to CuOFP grain boundaries from sulphide containing groundwater were found, which initiated further studies on the possibility of grain boundary embrittlement through such ingress. Further studies were conducted in order to clarify the effect of sulphide exposure on the mechanical behaviour of CuOFP. Tensile and creep tests were performed with specimens exposed to sulphide and reference specimens. In the studies presented in this paper only small con-centrations or no sulphur at all was found on fracture surfaces, in contradiction with earlier studies with precracked compact tension (CT) specimens under constant load. It is suggested that the high concentrations found earlier may have been caused by the method of opening up the fracture surfaces (i.e. post-exposure fatigue in air) and thus be an artefact. The tensile tests performed after the exposure to sulphide containing ground-water indicate a degrading influence of the exposure on mechanical properties of CuOFP. The result is based on adequate number of specimens and a standard test practise. The creep tests performed within the studies presented in this paper seem to indicate a minor degrading influence of the exposure to sulphide containing groundwater. However, when compared with all the publicly available creep data on CuOFP from different heats and laboratories the current finding is still within the scatter band.

    AB - A Japanese research group reported in 2008 susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking of oxygen free phosphorous doped copper (CuOFP) in sulphide containing sea water at T = 80°C and under uniaxial slow dynamical loading conditions. More evidence for stress corrosion cracking has not been found under multiaxial constant loading conditions in sulphide containing groundwater at T = 25°C. Indications of possible sulphur ingress to CuOFP grain boundaries from sulphide containing groundwater were found, which initiated further studies on the possibility of grain boundary embrittlement through such ingress. Further studies were conducted in order to clarify the effect of sulphide exposure on the mechanical behaviour of CuOFP. Tensile and creep tests were performed with specimens exposed to sulphide and reference specimens. In the studies presented in this paper only small con-centrations or no sulphur at all was found on fracture surfaces, in contradiction with earlier studies with precracked compact tension (CT) specimens under constant load. It is suggested that the high concentrations found earlier may have been caused by the method of opening up the fracture surfaces (i.e. post-exposure fatigue in air) and thus be an artefact. The tensile tests performed after the exposure to sulphide containing ground-water indicate a degrading influence of the exposure on mechanical properties of CuOFP. The result is based on adequate number of specimens and a standard test practise. The creep tests performed within the studies presented in this paper seem to indicate a minor degrading influence of the exposure to sulphide containing groundwater. However, when compared with all the publicly available creep data on CuOFP from different heats and laboratories the current finding is still within the scatter band.

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    T3 - VTT Technology

    SP - 395

    EP - 410

    BT - Baltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants

    A2 - Auerkari, Pertti

    A2 - Veivo, Juha

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Sipilä K, Arilahti E, Lehtikuusi T, Saario T, Varis P. The effect of sulphide exposure on the mechanical behaviour of OFP copper. In Auerkari P, Veivo J, editors, Baltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2013. p. 395-410. (VTT Technology; No. 106).