The effect of the physical form and size of raw materials in pressurized hot water extraction of birch

Marjatta Kleen, Tiina Liitiä, Mia Tehomaa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to study how the physical form and size of wood raw material affect the xylan dissolution in hot water extraction (HWE), three different birch materials were used. Industrial chips, compressed chips and sawdust were extracted in a 30 L apparatus in batch mode at 160°C up to 5 h. The total extraction dissolved about 30% of all starting materials, slightly more from the sawdust than from the chips. Higher proportion of the native xylan could be extracted from the sawdust (77%) than from the chips (67%). Higher amounts of polymeric material, consisting mainly of xylan, can be produced from birch sawdust than from birch chips. For sawdust, the extraction time of 30 min or less is enough for production of high-molar-mass xylan, whereas extraction time of 1 h is required for the chips. Compression of the chips is beneficial for the release of higher amounts of high-molar-mass material with Mw about 10 kDa. (10 refs.)
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings
Subtitle of host publication16th International Symposium on Wood, Fiber and Pulping Chemistry, 16th ISWFPC
Pages1013-1018
Volume2
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event16th International Symposium on Wood, Fiber and Pulping Chemistry, 16th ISWFPC - Tianjin, China
Duration: 8 Jun 201110 Jun 2011

Conference

Conference16th International Symposium on Wood, Fiber and Pulping Chemistry, 16th ISWFPC
Abbreviated title16th ISWFPC
CountryChina
CityTianjin
Period8/06/1110/06/11

Fingerprint

sawdust
Betula
xylan
raw materials
water
molecular weight

Keywords

  • Betula verrucosa
  • birch sawdust
  • birch wood
  • cellulose
  • hot water extraction
  • lignin
  • molar mass
  • pressurized extraction
  • xylan

Cite this

Kleen, M., Liitiä, T., & Tehomaa, M. (2011). The effect of the physical form and size of raw materials in pressurized hot water extraction of birch. In Proceedings: 16th International Symposium on Wood, Fiber and Pulping Chemistry, 16th ISWFPC (Vol. 2, pp. 1013-1018)
Kleen, Marjatta ; Liitiä, Tiina ; Tehomaa, Mia. / The effect of the physical form and size of raw materials in pressurized hot water extraction of birch. Proceedings: 16th International Symposium on Wood, Fiber and Pulping Chemistry, 16th ISWFPC. Vol. 2 2011. pp. 1013-1018
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abstract = "In order to study how the physical form and size of wood raw material affect the xylan dissolution in hot water extraction (HWE), three different birch materials were used. Industrial chips, compressed chips and sawdust were extracted in a 30 L apparatus in batch mode at 160°C up to 5 h. The total extraction dissolved about 30{\%} of all starting materials, slightly more from the sawdust than from the chips. Higher proportion of the native xylan could be extracted from the sawdust (77{\%}) than from the chips (67{\%}). Higher amounts of polymeric material, consisting mainly of xylan, can be produced from birch sawdust than from birch chips. For sawdust, the extraction time of 30 min or less is enough for production of high-molar-mass xylan, whereas extraction time of 1 h is required for the chips. Compression of the chips is beneficial for the release of higher amounts of high-molar-mass material with Mw about 10 kDa. (10 refs.)",
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Kleen, M, Liitiä, T & Tehomaa, M 2011, The effect of the physical form and size of raw materials in pressurized hot water extraction of birch. in Proceedings: 16th International Symposium on Wood, Fiber and Pulping Chemistry, 16th ISWFPC. vol. 2, pp. 1013-1018, 16th International Symposium on Wood, Fiber and Pulping Chemistry, 16th ISWFPC, Tianjin, China, 8/06/11.

The effect of the physical form and size of raw materials in pressurized hot water extraction of birch. / Kleen, Marjatta; Liitiä, Tiina; Tehomaa, Mia.

Proceedings: 16th International Symposium on Wood, Fiber and Pulping Chemistry, 16th ISWFPC. Vol. 2 2011. p. 1013-1018.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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Kleen M, Liitiä T, Tehomaa M. The effect of the physical form and size of raw materials in pressurized hot water extraction of birch. In Proceedings: 16th International Symposium on Wood, Fiber and Pulping Chemistry, 16th ISWFPC. Vol. 2. 2011. p. 1013-1018