The effect of thickness in the through-diffusion experiment

Jarmo Lehikoinen, Kari Uusheimo, Matti Valkiainen

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

This report contains an experimental study of diffusion in the water filled pores of rock samples. The samples studied are rapakivi granite from Loviisa, southern Finland. The drill-core sample was sectioned perpendicularly with diamond saw and three cylinder formed samples were obtained. The nominal thicknesses (heights of the cylinders) are 2, 4 and 6 cm. For the diffusion measurement the sample holders were pressed between two chambers. One of the chambers was filled with 0.0044 molar sodium chloride solution spiked with tracers. Another chamber was filled with inactive solution. Tritium (HTO) considered to be water equivalent tracer and anionic 36Cl were used as tracers. The data has been modelled by assuming that the porosity can be divided in two categories: through-transport and dead-end porosity. The rock-capacity factor a is also divided in the same ratio in those two categories. The numeric computation software MATLAB was used to perform the fittings. Simplex-algorithm was used to minimize the sum of squares of the difference between the measured and calculated values. The effective diffusion coefficient De is the strongest fitting parameter and a decreasing tendency is seen, when the thickness of the sample increases. The values for 36Cl are smaller than for tritium both in the case of De and a. The results suggest that a+ is decreasing as a function of thickness. As to the length of the dead-ended pores lde, no clear tendency is seen. Neither the fraction nor the length of the dead-ended pores show clear differences between 3H and 36Cl.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages34
ISBN (Print)951-38-4490-0
Publication statusPublished - 1994
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

NameVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
PublisherVTT
No.1556
ISSN (Print)1235-0605
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0865

Fingerprint

porosity
tracers
chambers
tritium
tendencies
rocks
Finland
granite
sodium chlorides
holders
water
diffusion coefficient
diamonds
computer programs

Keywords

  • porous materials
  • granites
  • rock-fluid interactions
  • diffusion
  • radionuclide migration
  • solutions
  • modelling

Cite this

Lehikoinen, J., Uusheimo, K., & Valkiainen, M. (1994). The effect of thickness in the through-diffusion experiment. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 1556
Lehikoinen, Jarmo ; Uusheimo, Kari ; Valkiainen, Matti. / The effect of thickness in the through-diffusion experiment. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1994. 34 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1556).
@book{d888b95d9e754aa58e9f792c310b500f,
title = "The effect of thickness in the through-diffusion experiment",
abstract = "This report contains an experimental study of diffusion in the water filled pores of rock samples. The samples studied are rapakivi granite from Loviisa, southern Finland. The drill-core sample was sectioned perpendicularly with diamond saw and three cylinder formed samples were obtained. The nominal thicknesses (heights of the cylinders) are 2, 4 and 6 cm. For the diffusion measurement the sample holders were pressed between two chambers. One of the chambers was filled with 0.0044 molar sodium chloride solution spiked with tracers. Another chamber was filled with inactive solution. Tritium (HTO) considered to be water equivalent tracer and anionic 36Cl were used as tracers. The data has been modelled by assuming that the porosity can be divided in two categories: through-transport and dead-end porosity. The rock-capacity factor a is also divided in the same ratio in those two categories. The numeric computation software MATLAB was used to perform the fittings. Simplex-algorithm was used to minimize the sum of squares of the difference between the measured and calculated values. The effective diffusion coefficient De is the strongest fitting parameter and a decreasing tendency is seen, when the thickness of the sample increases. The values for 36Cl are smaller than for tritium both in the case of De and a. The results suggest that a+ is decreasing as a function of thickness. As to the length of the dead-ended pores lde, no clear tendency is seen. Neither the fraction nor the length of the dead-ended pores show clear differences between 3H and 36Cl.",
keywords = "porous materials, granites, rock-fluid interactions, diffusion, radionuclide migration, solutions, modelling",
author = "Jarmo Lehikoinen and Kari Uusheimo and Matti Valkiainen",
year = "1994",
language = "English",
isbn = "951-38-4490-0",
series = "VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes",
publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
number = "1556",
address = "Finland",

}

Lehikoinen, J, Uusheimo, K & Valkiainen, M 1994, The effect of thickness in the through-diffusion experiment. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 1556, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

The effect of thickness in the through-diffusion experiment. / Lehikoinen, Jarmo; Uusheimo, Kari; Valkiainen, Matti.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1994. 34 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1556).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

TY - BOOK

T1 - The effect of thickness in the through-diffusion experiment

AU - Lehikoinen, Jarmo

AU - Uusheimo, Kari

AU - Valkiainen, Matti

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - This report contains an experimental study of diffusion in the water filled pores of rock samples. The samples studied are rapakivi granite from Loviisa, southern Finland. The drill-core sample was sectioned perpendicularly with diamond saw and three cylinder formed samples were obtained. The nominal thicknesses (heights of the cylinders) are 2, 4 and 6 cm. For the diffusion measurement the sample holders were pressed between two chambers. One of the chambers was filled with 0.0044 molar sodium chloride solution spiked with tracers. Another chamber was filled with inactive solution. Tritium (HTO) considered to be water equivalent tracer and anionic 36Cl were used as tracers. The data has been modelled by assuming that the porosity can be divided in two categories: through-transport and dead-end porosity. The rock-capacity factor a is also divided in the same ratio in those two categories. The numeric computation software MATLAB was used to perform the fittings. Simplex-algorithm was used to minimize the sum of squares of the difference between the measured and calculated values. The effective diffusion coefficient De is the strongest fitting parameter and a decreasing tendency is seen, when the thickness of the sample increases. The values for 36Cl are smaller than for tritium both in the case of De and a. The results suggest that a+ is decreasing as a function of thickness. As to the length of the dead-ended pores lde, no clear tendency is seen. Neither the fraction nor the length of the dead-ended pores show clear differences between 3H and 36Cl.

AB - This report contains an experimental study of diffusion in the water filled pores of rock samples. The samples studied are rapakivi granite from Loviisa, southern Finland. The drill-core sample was sectioned perpendicularly with diamond saw and three cylinder formed samples were obtained. The nominal thicknesses (heights of the cylinders) are 2, 4 and 6 cm. For the diffusion measurement the sample holders were pressed between two chambers. One of the chambers was filled with 0.0044 molar sodium chloride solution spiked with tracers. Another chamber was filled with inactive solution. Tritium (HTO) considered to be water equivalent tracer and anionic 36Cl were used as tracers. The data has been modelled by assuming that the porosity can be divided in two categories: through-transport and dead-end porosity. The rock-capacity factor a is also divided in the same ratio in those two categories. The numeric computation software MATLAB was used to perform the fittings. Simplex-algorithm was used to minimize the sum of squares of the difference between the measured and calculated values. The effective diffusion coefficient De is the strongest fitting parameter and a decreasing tendency is seen, when the thickness of the sample increases. The values for 36Cl are smaller than for tritium both in the case of De and a. The results suggest that a+ is decreasing as a function of thickness. As to the length of the dead-ended pores lde, no clear tendency is seen. Neither the fraction nor the length of the dead-ended pores show clear differences between 3H and 36Cl.

KW - porous materials

KW - granites

KW - rock-fluid interactions

KW - diffusion

KW - radionuclide migration

KW - solutions

KW - modelling

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-4490-0

T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes

BT - The effect of thickness in the through-diffusion experiment

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Lehikoinen J, Uusheimo K, Valkiainen M. The effect of thickness in the through-diffusion experiment. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1994. 34 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1556).