The effect of wall depletion on the rheology of microfibrillated cellulose water suspensions by optical coherence tomography

T Saarinen, Sanna Haavisto, A Sorvari, Juha Salmela, J Seppälä (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rheology of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) water suspensions was characterized with a rotational rheometer, augmented with optical coherence tomography (OCT). To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first time the behavior of MFC in the rheometer gap was characterized by this real-time imaging method. Two concentrations, 0.5 and 1 wt% were used, the latter also with 10-3 and 10-2 M NaCl. The aim was to follow the structure of the suspensions in a rotational rheometer during the measurements and observe wall depletion and other factors that can interfere with the rheological results. The stepped flow measurements were performed using a transparent cylindrical measuring system and combining the optical information to rheological parameters. OCT allows imaging in radial direction from the outer geometry boundary to the inner geometry boundary making both the shear rate profile and the structure of the suspension visible through the rheometer gap. Yield stress and maximum wall stress were determined by start-up of steady shear and logarithmic stress ramp methods and they both reflected in the stepped flow measurements. Above yield stress, floc size was inversely proportional to shear rate. Below the yield stress, flocs adhered to each other and the observed apparent constant shear stress was controlled by flow in the depleted boundary layer. With higher ionic strength (10-2 M NaCl), the combination of yield stress and wall depletion favored the formation of vertical, cylindrical, rotating floc structures (rollers) coupled with a thicker water layer originating at the suspension-inner cylinder boundary at low shear rates
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1261-1275
Number of pages14
JournalCellulose
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Optical tomography
Rheometers
Rheology
Cellulose
Yield stress
Suspensions
Shear deformation
Water
Flow measurement
Imaging techniques
Geometry
Ionic strength
Shear stress
Boundary layers

Keywords

  • Flocculation
  • microfibrillated cellulose
  • optical coherence tomography
  • rheology
  • wall depletion
  • yield stress

Cite this

Saarinen, T ; Haavisto, Sanna ; Sorvari, A ; Salmela, Juha ; Seppälä, J. / The effect of wall depletion on the rheology of microfibrillated cellulose water suspensions by optical coherence tomography. In: Cellulose. 2014 ; Vol. 21, No. 3. pp. 1261-1275.
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The effect of wall depletion on the rheology of microfibrillated cellulose water suspensions by optical coherence tomography. / Saarinen, T; Haavisto, Sanna; Sorvari, A; Salmela, Juha; Seppälä, J (Corresponding Author).

In: Cellulose, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2014, p. 1261-1275.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Saarinen, T

AU - Haavisto, Sanna

AU - Sorvari, A

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AU - Seppälä, J

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AB - Rheology of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) water suspensions was characterized with a rotational rheometer, augmented with optical coherence tomography (OCT). To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first time the behavior of MFC in the rheometer gap was characterized by this real-time imaging method. Two concentrations, 0.5 and 1 wt% were used, the latter also with 10-3 and 10-2 M NaCl. The aim was to follow the structure of the suspensions in a rotational rheometer during the measurements and observe wall depletion and other factors that can interfere with the rheological results. The stepped flow measurements were performed using a transparent cylindrical measuring system and combining the optical information to rheological parameters. OCT allows imaging in radial direction from the outer geometry boundary to the inner geometry boundary making both the shear rate profile and the structure of the suspension visible through the rheometer gap. Yield stress and maximum wall stress were determined by start-up of steady shear and logarithmic stress ramp methods and they both reflected in the stepped flow measurements. Above yield stress, floc size was inversely proportional to shear rate. Below the yield stress, flocs adhered to each other and the observed apparent constant shear stress was controlled by flow in the depleted boundary layer. With higher ionic strength (10-2 M NaCl), the combination of yield stress and wall depletion favored the formation of vertical, cylindrical, rotating floc structures (rollers) coupled with a thicker water layer originating at the suspension-inner cylinder boundary at low shear rates

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