The effectiveness of web-based mobile health interventions in paediatric outpatient surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Arja Rantala (Corresponding Author), Minna Pikkarainen, Jouko Miettunen, Hong Gu He, Tarja Pölkki

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of web-based mobile health interventions on paediatric patients and their parents in the day surgery context, where the primary outcome was children's pre-operative anxiety and secondary outcomes were postoperative pain and parents’ anxiety and satisfaction with entire course of the day surgery. Design: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Data Sources: CENTRAL, CINAHL, Scopus, Ovid MEDLINE, and Web of Science were systematically searched without time limits (up to December 2018). Review Methods: Studies were appraised using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. A random effect meta-analysis of children's pre-operative anxiety was performed. Results: Eight studies with a total of 722 patients were included in the analysis. The effectiveness of web-based mobile health interventions, including age-appropriate videos, web-based game apps, and educational preparation games made for the hospital environment, was examined in pre-operative settings. A meta-analysis (N = 560 children) based on six studies found a statistically significant reduction in pre-operative anxiety measured by the Modified Yale Pre-operative Anxiety Scale with a moderate effect size. Three studies reported parental satisfaction. Conclusion: Web-based mobile health interventions can reduce children's pre-operative anxiety and increase parental satisfaction. Web-based mobile health interventions could be considered as non-pharmacological distraction tools for children in nursing. There is not enough evidence regarding the effectiveness of reducing children's postoperative pain and parental anxiety using similar interventions. Impact: Web-based mobile health interventions reduce children´s pre-operative anxiety and could therefore be considered as non-pharmacological distraction tools for children in nursing.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2020
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

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Keywords

  • anxiety
  • day surgery
  • distraction
  • meta-analysis
  • mobile health intervention
  • nursing
  • paediatric
  • pain
  • parents
  • systematic review

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