The effects of maturity and growth rate on the properties of spruce wood tracheids

Jari Sirviö, Petri Kärenlampi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hypotheses are created regarding the control of size scale and geometry of softwood tracheids within a genotype, and tested using two independent Norway Spruce (Picea abies) materials. Variation in physical dimensions of tracheids is controlled predominantly by cambium maturity. The accumulated amount of production appears to be a somewhat better descriptor of cambium maturity than cambium age. Thus, the mean tracheid dimensions within an annual ring can be predicted on the basis of the distance from the pith of the tree, at least as well as using the number of the annual ring. Cross-sectional tracheid geometry appears to be controlled by the growth rate of the tree.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541–554
JournalWood Science and Technology
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

tracheids
cambium
Picea
Wood
geometry
Picea abies
Geometry
Softwoods
genotype
softwood
pith
effect
material

Cite this

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The effects of maturity and growth rate on the properties of spruce wood tracheids. / Sirviö, Jari; Kärenlampi, Petri.

In: Wood Science and Technology, Vol. 35, No. 6, 2001, p. 541–554.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of maturity and growth rate on the properties of spruce wood tracheids

AU - Sirviö, Jari

AU - Kärenlampi, Petri

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Hypotheses are created regarding the control of size scale and geometry of softwood tracheids within a genotype, and tested using two independent Norway Spruce (Picea abies) materials. Variation in physical dimensions of tracheids is controlled predominantly by cambium maturity. The accumulated amount of production appears to be a somewhat better descriptor of cambium maturity than cambium age. Thus, the mean tracheid dimensions within an annual ring can be predicted on the basis of the distance from the pith of the tree, at least as well as using the number of the annual ring. Cross-sectional tracheid geometry appears to be controlled by the growth rate of the tree.

AB - Hypotheses are created regarding the control of size scale and geometry of softwood tracheids within a genotype, and tested using two independent Norway Spruce (Picea abies) materials. Variation in physical dimensions of tracheids is controlled predominantly by cambium maturity. The accumulated amount of production appears to be a somewhat better descriptor of cambium maturity than cambium age. Thus, the mean tracheid dimensions within an annual ring can be predicted on the basis of the distance from the pith of the tree, at least as well as using the number of the annual ring. Cross-sectional tracheid geometry appears to be controlled by the growth rate of the tree.

U2 - 10.1007/s002260100

DO - 10.1007/s002260100

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 541

EP - 554

JO - Wood Science and Technology

JF - Wood Science and Technology

SN - 0043-7719

IS - 6

ER -