The effects of wood particle size and different process variables on the performance of steam-oxygen blown circulating fluidized-bed gasifier

Esa Kurkela (Corresponding Author), Minna Kurkela, Ilkka Hiltunen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pressurized circulating fluidized-bed gasification by steam-oxygen has been developed at VTT for syngas applications. In this process, wood feedstocks are first converted into raw gasification gas, which is then filtered at about 600°C before catalytic reforming of tars and hydrocarbon gases. This article presents results of the gasification and gas filtration tests carried out with wood pellets, crushed pellets, bark, and crushed forest residues. The effects of operating pressure, bed material used, and other main operating variables were examined. Dolomite, magnesium oxide, and sand were used as bed materials. Gasification pressure was in the range 0.25-0.6 MPa and operating temperature 860-930°C. In best operating conditions, over 98% carbon conversion was achieved with very smooth long-term operation. The feedstock particle size, operation pressure, and the presence of calcium-based bed material had strong effects on tar formation and filter operability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)681-687
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Progress and Sustainable Energy
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Steam
Gasification
Fluidized beds
Wood
Particle size
particle size
Oxygen
Tars
oxygen
Gases
Tar
tar
Feedstocks
Magnesium Oxide
gas
Catalytic reforming
Magnesia
Hydrocarbons
bark
dolomite

Keywords

  • gasification
  • biomass
  • fluidized-bed
  • pressurized

Cite this

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title = "The effects of wood particle size and different process variables on the performance of steam-oxygen blown circulating fluidized-bed gasifier",
abstract = "Pressurized circulating fluidized-bed gasification by steam-oxygen has been developed at VTT for syngas applications. In this process, wood feedstocks are first converted into raw gasification gas, which is then filtered at about 600°C before catalytic reforming of tars and hydrocarbon gases. This article presents results of the gasification and gas filtration tests carried out with wood pellets, crushed pellets, bark, and crushed forest residues. The effects of operating pressure, bed material used, and other main operating variables were examined. Dolomite, magnesium oxide, and sand were used as bed materials. Gasification pressure was in the range 0.25-0.6 MPa and operating temperature 860-930°C. In best operating conditions, over 98{\%} carbon conversion was achieved with very smooth long-term operation. The feedstock particle size, operation pressure, and the presence of calcium-based bed material had strong effects on tar formation and filter operability.",
keywords = "gasification, biomass, fluidized-bed, pressurized",
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T1 - The effects of wood particle size and different process variables on the performance of steam-oxygen blown circulating fluidized-bed gasifier

AU - Kurkela, Esa

AU - Kurkela, Minna

AU - Hiltunen, Ilkka

PY - 2014

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N2 - Pressurized circulating fluidized-bed gasification by steam-oxygen has been developed at VTT for syngas applications. In this process, wood feedstocks are first converted into raw gasification gas, which is then filtered at about 600°C before catalytic reforming of tars and hydrocarbon gases. This article presents results of the gasification and gas filtration tests carried out with wood pellets, crushed pellets, bark, and crushed forest residues. The effects of operating pressure, bed material used, and other main operating variables were examined. Dolomite, magnesium oxide, and sand were used as bed materials. Gasification pressure was in the range 0.25-0.6 MPa and operating temperature 860-930°C. In best operating conditions, over 98% carbon conversion was achieved with very smooth long-term operation. The feedstock particle size, operation pressure, and the presence of calcium-based bed material had strong effects on tar formation and filter operability.

AB - Pressurized circulating fluidized-bed gasification by steam-oxygen has been developed at VTT for syngas applications. In this process, wood feedstocks are first converted into raw gasification gas, which is then filtered at about 600°C before catalytic reforming of tars and hydrocarbon gases. This article presents results of the gasification and gas filtration tests carried out with wood pellets, crushed pellets, bark, and crushed forest residues. The effects of operating pressure, bed material used, and other main operating variables were examined. Dolomite, magnesium oxide, and sand were used as bed materials. Gasification pressure was in the range 0.25-0.6 MPa and operating temperature 860-930°C. In best operating conditions, over 98% carbon conversion was achieved with very smooth long-term operation. The feedstock particle size, operation pressure, and the presence of calcium-based bed material had strong effects on tar formation and filter operability.

KW - gasification

KW - biomass

KW - fluidized-bed

KW - pressurized

U2 - 10.1002/ep.12003

DO - 10.1002/ep.12003

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JO - Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy

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