The elusive boreal forest Thaumarchaeota

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years, Archaea have, with increasing frequency, been found to colonize both agricultural and forest soils in temperate and boreal regions. The as yet uncultured group I.1c of the Thaumarchaeota has been of special interest. These Archaea are widely distributed in mature vegetated acidic soils, but little has been revealed of their physiological and biological characteristics. The I.1c Thaumarchaeota have been recognized as a microbial group influenced by plant roots and mycorrhizal fungi, but appear to have distinct features from their more common soil dwelling counterparts, such as the Nitrosotalea or Nitrososphaera. They appear to be highly dependent on soil pH, thriving in undisturbed vegetated soils with a pH of 5 or below. Research indicate that these Archaea require organic carbon and nitrogen sources for growth and that they may live both aerobically and anaerobically. Nevertheless, pure cultures of these microorganisms have not yet been obtained. This review will focus on what is known to date about the uncultured group I.1c Thaumarchaeota formerly known as the "Finnish Forest Soil" (FFS) Archaea.
Original languageEnglish
Article number36
JournalAgronomy
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

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Archaea
boreal forests
forest soils
agricultural soils
acid soils
mycorrhizal fungi
soil pH
soil
microorganisms
carbon
nitrogen

Keywords

  • boreal forest soil
  • Crenarchaeota
  • humus
  • I.1c thaumarchaeota
  • mycorrhiza
  • uncultured archaea

Cite this

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title = "The elusive boreal forest Thaumarchaeota",
abstract = "In recent years, Archaea have, with increasing frequency, been found to colonize both agricultural and forest soils in temperate and boreal regions. The as yet uncultured group I.1c of the Thaumarchaeota has been of special interest. These Archaea are widely distributed in mature vegetated acidic soils, but little has been revealed of their physiological and biological characteristics. The I.1c Thaumarchaeota have been recognized as a microbial group influenced by plant roots and mycorrhizal fungi, but appear to have distinct features from their more common soil dwelling counterparts, such as the Nitrosotalea or Nitrososphaera. They appear to be highly dependent on soil pH, thriving in undisturbed vegetated soils with a pH of 5 or below. Research indicate that these Archaea require organic carbon and nitrogen sources for growth and that they may live both aerobically and anaerobically. Nevertheless, pure cultures of these microorganisms have not yet been obtained. This review will focus on what is known to date about the uncultured group I.1c Thaumarchaeota formerly known as the {"}Finnish Forest Soil{"} (FFS) Archaea.",
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language = "English",
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The elusive boreal forest Thaumarchaeota. / Bomberg, Malin.

In: Agronomy, Vol. 6, No. 2, 36, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The elusive boreal forest Thaumarchaeota

AU - Bomberg, Malin

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - In recent years, Archaea have, with increasing frequency, been found to colonize both agricultural and forest soils in temperate and boreal regions. The as yet uncultured group I.1c of the Thaumarchaeota has been of special interest. These Archaea are widely distributed in mature vegetated acidic soils, but little has been revealed of their physiological and biological characteristics. The I.1c Thaumarchaeota have been recognized as a microbial group influenced by plant roots and mycorrhizal fungi, but appear to have distinct features from their more common soil dwelling counterparts, such as the Nitrosotalea or Nitrososphaera. They appear to be highly dependent on soil pH, thriving in undisturbed vegetated soils with a pH of 5 or below. Research indicate that these Archaea require organic carbon and nitrogen sources for growth and that they may live both aerobically and anaerobically. Nevertheless, pure cultures of these microorganisms have not yet been obtained. This review will focus on what is known to date about the uncultured group I.1c Thaumarchaeota formerly known as the "Finnish Forest Soil" (FFS) Archaea.

AB - In recent years, Archaea have, with increasing frequency, been found to colonize both agricultural and forest soils in temperate and boreal regions. The as yet uncultured group I.1c of the Thaumarchaeota has been of special interest. These Archaea are widely distributed in mature vegetated acidic soils, but little has been revealed of their physiological and biological characteristics. The I.1c Thaumarchaeota have been recognized as a microbial group influenced by plant roots and mycorrhizal fungi, but appear to have distinct features from their more common soil dwelling counterparts, such as the Nitrosotalea or Nitrososphaera. They appear to be highly dependent on soil pH, thriving in undisturbed vegetated soils with a pH of 5 or below. Research indicate that these Archaea require organic carbon and nitrogen sources for growth and that they may live both aerobically and anaerobically. Nevertheless, pure cultures of these microorganisms have not yet been obtained. This review will focus on what is known to date about the uncultured group I.1c Thaumarchaeota formerly known as the "Finnish Forest Soil" (FFS) Archaea.

KW - boreal forest soil

KW - Crenarchaeota

KW - humus

KW - I.1c thaumarchaeota

KW - mycorrhiza

KW - uncultured archaea

U2 - 10.3390/agronomy6020036

DO - 10.3390/agronomy6020036

M3 - Review Article

VL - 6

JO - Agronomy

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