The Emergence of Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: A review of the Literature

Arho Suominen (Corresponding author), Ozgur Dedehayir, Michelle Smidt

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific


    Despite the growing attention afforded to Entrepreneurial
    Ecosystems by scholars and academics alike, our conceptualisation of the
    phenomenon remains incomplete. In this paper we address this knowledge gap
    by focusing on Entrepreneurial Ecosystem emergence. Through a systematic
    review of the literature that includes detailed analysis of 165 papers, we
    identify the actors involved in the emergence process, together with facilitating
    factors, and the mechanisms driving emergence. Our findings show that besides
    entrepreneurs, established local and foreign firms, financiers, the regional
    government, accelerators, and research organisations play a pivotal role in the
    emergence of the ecosystem. Furthermore, supporting activities, local history,
    and available human and knowledge resources are some of the factors
    facilitating emergence. And finally, entrepreneurial break-off, resource
    injection, and communi
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of International Society for Professional Innovation Management (ISPIM)
    PublisherInternational Society for Professional Innovation Management ISPIM
    ISBN (Print)978-952-335-351-0
    Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2019
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
    EventXXX ISPIM Innovation Conference: Celebrating Innovation - 500 Years Since Da Vinci - Florence, Italy
    Duration: 16 Jun 201919 Jun 2019


    ConferenceXXX ISPIM Innovation Conference
    Internet address


    • entrepreneurial ecosystem
    • emergence
    • literature review
    • mechanisms


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