The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument

B.D. B. D. Jackson, H. van Weers, J. van der Kuur, R. den Hartog, H. Akamatsu, A. Argan, S.R. Bandler, M. Barbera, D. Barret, M.P. Bruijn, J.A. Chervenak, Dercksen; j., F. Gatti, L. Gottardi, D. Haas, J-W. den Herder, C.A. Kilbourne, Mikko Kiviranta, T. Lam-Trong, B-J. van LeeuwenC. Macculi, L. Piro, S.J. Smith

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper summarizes a preliminary design concept for the focal plane assembly of the X-ray Integral Field Unit on the Athena spacecraft, an imaging microcalorimeter that will enable high spectral resolution imaging and point-source spectroscopy. The instrument's sensor array will be a ~ 3840-pixel transition edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter array, with a frequency domain multiplexed SQUID readout system allowing this large-format sensor array to be operated within the thermal constraints of the instrument's cryogenic system. A second TES detector will be operated in close proximity to the sensor array to detect cosmic rays and secondary particles passing through the sensor array for off-line coincidence detection to identify and reject events caused by the in-orbit high-energy particle background. The detectors, operating at 55 mK, or less, will be thermally isolated from the instrument cryostat's 2 K stage, while shielding and filtering within the FPA will allow the instrument's sensitive sensor array to be operated in the expected environment during both on-ground testing and in-flight operation, including straylight from the cryostat environment, low-energy photons entering through the X-ray aperture, low-frequency magnetic fields, and high-frequency electric fields.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016
    Subtitle of host publicationUltraviolet to Gamma Ray
    PublisherInternational Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventSPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Duration: 26 Jun 20161 Jul 2016

    Publication series

    SeriesProceedings of SPIE
    Volume9905
    ISSN0277-786X

    Conference

    ConferenceSPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation
    CountryUnited Kingdom
    CityEdinburgh
    Period26/06/161/07/16

    Fingerprint

    assembly
    sensors
    x rays
    cryostats
    calorimeters
    flight operations
    detectors
    particle energy
    spectral resolution
    point sources
    cryogenics
    format
    shielding
    readout
    proximity
    cosmic rays
    spacecraft
    apertures
    pixels
    low frequencies

    Keywords

    • Athena
    • cryogenic anti-coincidence detector
    • focal plane assembly
    • frequency division multiplexing
    • SQUID amplifier
    • transition edge sensor
    • X-IFU
    • X-ray microcalorimeter

    Cite this

    B. D. Jackson, B. D., van Weers, H., van der Kuur, J., den Hartog, R., Akamatsu, H., Argan, A., ... Smith, S. J. (2016). The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray [990521] International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.. 9905 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232544
    B. D. Jackson, B.D. ; van Weers, H. ; van der Kuur, J. ; den Hartog, R. ; Akamatsu, H. ; Argan, A. ; Bandler, S.R. ; Barbera, M. ; Barret, D. ; Bruijn, M.P. ; Chervenak, J.A. ; j., Dercksen; ; Gatti, F. ; Gottardi, L. ; Haas, D. ; den Herder, J-W. ; Kilbourne, C.A. ; Kiviranta, Mikko ; Lam-Trong, T. ; van Leeuwen, B-J. ; Macculi, C. ; Piro, L. ; Smith, S.J. / The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument. Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2016. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905).
    @inproceedings{ab4fd51742be4ae6b0563f78f1d3fe23,
    title = "The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument",
    abstract = "This paper summarizes a preliminary design concept for the focal plane assembly of the X-ray Integral Field Unit on the Athena spacecraft, an imaging microcalorimeter that will enable high spectral resolution imaging and point-source spectroscopy. The instrument's sensor array will be a ~ 3840-pixel transition edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter array, with a frequency domain multiplexed SQUID readout system allowing this large-format sensor array to be operated within the thermal constraints of the instrument's cryogenic system. A second TES detector will be operated in close proximity to the sensor array to detect cosmic rays and secondary particles passing through the sensor array for off-line coincidence detection to identify and reject events caused by the in-orbit high-energy particle background. The detectors, operating at 55 mK, or less, will be thermally isolated from the instrument cryostat's 2 K stage, while shielding and filtering within the FPA will allow the instrument's sensitive sensor array to be operated in the expected environment during both on-ground testing and in-flight operation, including straylight from the cryostat environment, low-energy photons entering through the X-ray aperture, low-frequency magnetic fields, and high-frequency electric fields.",
    keywords = "Athena, cryogenic anti-coincidence detector, focal plane assembly, frequency division multiplexing, SQUID amplifier, transition edge sensor, X-IFU, X-ray microcalorimeter",
    author = "{B. D. Jackson}, B.D. and {van Weers}, H. and {van der Kuur}, J. and {den Hartog}, R. and H. Akamatsu and A. Argan and S.R. Bandler and M. Barbera and D. Barret and M.P. Bruijn and J.A. Chervenak and Dercksen; j. and F. Gatti and L. Gottardi and D. Haas and {den Herder}, J-W. and C.A. Kilbourne and Mikko Kiviranta and T. Lam-Trong and {van Leeuwen}, B-J. and C. Macculi and L. Piro and S.J. Smith",
    year = "2016",
    doi = "10.1117/12.2232544",
    language = "English",
    series = "Proceedings of SPIE",
    publisher = "International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE",
    booktitle = "Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016",
    address = "United States",

    }

    B. D. Jackson, BD, van Weers, H, van der Kuur, J, den Hartog, R, Akamatsu, H, Argan, A, Bandler, SR, Barbera, M, Barret, D, Bruijn, MP, Chervenak, JA, j., D, Gatti, F, Gottardi, L, Haas, D, den Herder, J-W, Kilbourne, CA, Kiviranta, M, Lam-Trong, T, van Leeuwen, B-J, Macculi, C, Piro, L & Smith, SJ 2016, The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument. in Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray., 990521, International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 9905, SPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 26/06/16. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232544

    The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument. / B. D. Jackson, B.D.; van Weers, H.; van der Kuur, J.; den Hartog, R.; Akamatsu, H.; Argan, A.; Bandler, S.R.; Barbera, M.; Barret, D.; Bruijn, M.P.; Chervenak, J.A.; j., Dercksen; Gatti, F.; Gottardi, L.; Haas, D.; den Herder, J-W.; Kilbourne, C.A.; Kiviranta, Mikko; Lam-Trong, T.; van Leeuwen, B-J.; Macculi, C.; Piro, L.; Smith, S.J.

    Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2016. 990521 (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument

    AU - B. D. Jackson, B.D.

    AU - van Weers, H.

    AU - van der Kuur, J.

    AU - den Hartog, R.

    AU - Akamatsu, H.

    AU - Argan, A.

    AU - Bandler, S.R.

    AU - Barbera, M.

    AU - Barret, D.

    AU - Bruijn, M.P.

    AU - Chervenak, J.A.

    AU - j., Dercksen;

    AU - Gatti, F.

    AU - Gottardi, L.

    AU - Haas, D.

    AU - den Herder, J-W.

    AU - Kilbourne, C.A.

    AU - Kiviranta, Mikko

    AU - Lam-Trong, T.

    AU - van Leeuwen, B-J.

    AU - Macculi, C.

    AU - Piro, L.

    AU - Smith, S.J.

    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - This paper summarizes a preliminary design concept for the focal plane assembly of the X-ray Integral Field Unit on the Athena spacecraft, an imaging microcalorimeter that will enable high spectral resolution imaging and point-source spectroscopy. The instrument's sensor array will be a ~ 3840-pixel transition edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter array, with a frequency domain multiplexed SQUID readout system allowing this large-format sensor array to be operated within the thermal constraints of the instrument's cryogenic system. A second TES detector will be operated in close proximity to the sensor array to detect cosmic rays and secondary particles passing through the sensor array for off-line coincidence detection to identify and reject events caused by the in-orbit high-energy particle background. The detectors, operating at 55 mK, or less, will be thermally isolated from the instrument cryostat's 2 K stage, while shielding and filtering within the FPA will allow the instrument's sensitive sensor array to be operated in the expected environment during both on-ground testing and in-flight operation, including straylight from the cryostat environment, low-energy photons entering through the X-ray aperture, low-frequency magnetic fields, and high-frequency electric fields.

    AB - This paper summarizes a preliminary design concept for the focal plane assembly of the X-ray Integral Field Unit on the Athena spacecraft, an imaging microcalorimeter that will enable high spectral resolution imaging and point-source spectroscopy. The instrument's sensor array will be a ~ 3840-pixel transition edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter array, with a frequency domain multiplexed SQUID readout system allowing this large-format sensor array to be operated within the thermal constraints of the instrument's cryogenic system. A second TES detector will be operated in close proximity to the sensor array to detect cosmic rays and secondary particles passing through the sensor array for off-line coincidence detection to identify and reject events caused by the in-orbit high-energy particle background. The detectors, operating at 55 mK, or less, will be thermally isolated from the instrument cryostat's 2 K stage, while shielding and filtering within the FPA will allow the instrument's sensitive sensor array to be operated in the expected environment during both on-ground testing and in-flight operation, including straylight from the cryostat environment, low-energy photons entering through the X-ray aperture, low-frequency magnetic fields, and high-frequency electric fields.

    KW - Athena

    KW - cryogenic anti-coincidence detector

    KW - focal plane assembly

    KW - frequency division multiplexing

    KW - SQUID amplifier

    KW - transition edge sensor

    KW - X-IFU

    KW - X-ray microcalorimeter

    U2 - 10.1117/12.2232544

    DO - 10.1117/12.2232544

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    T3 - Proceedings of SPIE

    BT - Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016

    PB - International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE

    ER -

    B. D. Jackson BD, van Weers H, van der Kuur J, den Hartog R, Akamatsu H, Argan A et al. The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. 2016. 990521. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232544