The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument

B.D. B. D. Jackson, H. van Weers, J. van der Kuur, R. den Hartog, H. Akamatsu, A. Argan, S.R. Bandler, M. Barbera, D. Barret, M.P. Bruijn, J.A. Chervenak, Dercksen; j., F. Gatti, L. Gottardi, D. Haas, J-W. den Herder, C.A. Kilbourne, Mikko Kiviranta, T. Lam-Trong, B-J. van Leeuwen & 3 others C. Macculi, L. Piro, S.J. Smith

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper summarizes a preliminary design concept for the focal plane assembly of the X-ray Integral Field Unit on the Athena spacecraft, an imaging microcalorimeter that will enable high spectral resolution imaging and point-source spectroscopy. The instrument's sensor array will be a ~ 3840-pixel transition edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter array, with a frequency domain multiplexed SQUID readout system allowing this large-format sensor array to be operated within the thermal constraints of the instrument's cryogenic system. A second TES detector will be operated in close proximity to the sensor array to detect cosmic rays and secondary particles passing through the sensor array for off-line coincidence detection to identify and reject events caused by the in-orbit high-energy particle background. The detectors, operating at 55 mK, or less, will be thermally isolated from the instrument cryostat's 2 K stage, while shielding and filtering within the FPA will allow the instrument's sensitive sensor array to be operated in the expected environment during both on-ground testing and in-flight operation, including straylight from the cryostat environment, low-energy photons entering through the X-ray aperture, low-frequency magnetic fields, and high-frequency electric fields.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016
Subtitle of host publicationUltraviolet to Gamma Ray
PublisherInternational Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventSPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 26 Jun 20161 Jul 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
PublisherSPIE
Volume9905
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceSPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburgh
Period26/06/161/07/16

Fingerprint

assembly
sensors
x rays
cryostats
calorimeters
flight operations
detectors
particle energy
spectral resolution
point sources
cryogenics
format
shielding
readout
proximity
cosmic rays
spacecraft
apertures
pixels
low frequencies

Keywords

  • Athena
  • cryogenic anti-coincidence detector
  • focal plane assembly
  • frequency division multiplexing
  • SQUID amplifier
  • transition edge sensor
  • X-IFU
  • X-ray microcalorimeter

Cite this

B. D. Jackson, B. D., van Weers, H., van der Kuur, J., den Hartog, R., Akamatsu, H., Argan, A., ... Smith, S. J. (2016). The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray [990521] International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.. 9905 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232544
B. D. Jackson, B.D. ; van Weers, H. ; van der Kuur, J. ; den Hartog, R. ; Akamatsu, H. ; Argan, A. ; Bandler, S.R. ; Barbera, M. ; Barret, D. ; Bruijn, M.P. ; Chervenak, J.A. ; j., Dercksen; ; Gatti, F. ; Gottardi, L. ; Haas, D. ; den Herder, J-W. ; Kilbourne, C.A. ; Kiviranta, Mikko ; Lam-Trong, T. ; van Leeuwen, B-J. ; Macculi, C. ; Piro, L. ; Smith, S.J. / The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument. Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2016. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905).
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abstract = "This paper summarizes a preliminary design concept for the focal plane assembly of the X-ray Integral Field Unit on the Athena spacecraft, an imaging microcalorimeter that will enable high spectral resolution imaging and point-source spectroscopy. The instrument's sensor array will be a ~ 3840-pixel transition edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter array, with a frequency domain multiplexed SQUID readout system allowing this large-format sensor array to be operated within the thermal constraints of the instrument's cryogenic system. A second TES detector will be operated in close proximity to the sensor array to detect cosmic rays and secondary particles passing through the sensor array for off-line coincidence detection to identify and reject events caused by the in-orbit high-energy particle background. The detectors, operating at 55 mK, or less, will be thermally isolated from the instrument cryostat's 2 K stage, while shielding and filtering within the FPA will allow the instrument's sensitive sensor array to be operated in the expected environment during both on-ground testing and in-flight operation, including straylight from the cryostat environment, low-energy photons entering through the X-ray aperture, low-frequency magnetic fields, and high-frequency electric fields.",
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author = "{B. D. Jackson}, B.D. and {van Weers}, H. and {van der Kuur}, J. and {den Hartog}, R. and H. Akamatsu and A. Argan and S.R. Bandler and M. Barbera and D. Barret and M.P. Bruijn and J.A. Chervenak and Dercksen; j. and F. Gatti and L. Gottardi and D. Haas and {den Herder}, J-W. and C.A. Kilbourne and Mikko Kiviranta and T. Lam-Trong and {van Leeuwen}, B-J. and C. Macculi and L. Piro and S.J. Smith",
year = "2016",
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language = "English",
series = "Proceedings of SPIE",
publisher = "International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE",
booktitle = "Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016",
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B. D. Jackson, BD, van Weers, H, van der Kuur, J, den Hartog, R, Akamatsu, H, Argan, A, Bandler, SR, Barbera, M, Barret, D, Bruijn, MP, Chervenak, JA, j., D, Gatti, F, Gottardi, L, Haas, D, den Herder, J-W, Kilbourne, CA, Kiviranta, M, Lam-Trong, T, van Leeuwen, B-J, Macculi, C, Piro, L & Smith, SJ 2016, The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument. in Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray., 990521, International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 9905, SPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 26/06/16. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232544

The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument. / B. D. Jackson, B.D.; van Weers, H.; van der Kuur, J.; den Hartog, R.; Akamatsu, H.; Argan, A.; Bandler, S.R.; Barbera, M.; Barret, D.; Bruijn, M.P.; Chervenak, J.A.; j., Dercksen; Gatti, F.; Gottardi, L.; Haas, D.; den Herder, J-W.; Kilbourne, C.A.; Kiviranta, Mikko; Lam-Trong, T.; van Leeuwen, B-J.; Macculi, C.; Piro, L.; Smith, S.J.

Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE, 2016. 990521 (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AU - B. D. Jackson, B.D.

AU - van Weers, H.

AU - van der Kuur, J.

AU - den Hartog, R.

AU - Akamatsu, H.

AU - Argan, A.

AU - Bandler, S.R.

AU - Barbera, M.

AU - Barret, D.

AU - Bruijn, M.P.

AU - Chervenak, J.A.

AU - j., Dercksen;

AU - Gatti, F.

AU - Gottardi, L.

AU - Haas, D.

AU - den Herder, J-W.

AU - Kilbourne, C.A.

AU - Kiviranta, Mikko

AU - Lam-Trong, T.

AU - van Leeuwen, B-J.

AU - Macculi, C.

AU - Piro, L.

AU - Smith, S.J.

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N2 - This paper summarizes a preliminary design concept for the focal plane assembly of the X-ray Integral Field Unit on the Athena spacecraft, an imaging microcalorimeter that will enable high spectral resolution imaging and point-source spectroscopy. The instrument's sensor array will be a ~ 3840-pixel transition edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter array, with a frequency domain multiplexed SQUID readout system allowing this large-format sensor array to be operated within the thermal constraints of the instrument's cryogenic system. A second TES detector will be operated in close proximity to the sensor array to detect cosmic rays and secondary particles passing through the sensor array for off-line coincidence detection to identify and reject events caused by the in-orbit high-energy particle background. The detectors, operating at 55 mK, or less, will be thermally isolated from the instrument cryostat's 2 K stage, while shielding and filtering within the FPA will allow the instrument's sensitive sensor array to be operated in the expected environment during both on-ground testing and in-flight operation, including straylight from the cryostat environment, low-energy photons entering through the X-ray aperture, low-frequency magnetic fields, and high-frequency electric fields.

AB - This paper summarizes a preliminary design concept for the focal plane assembly of the X-ray Integral Field Unit on the Athena spacecraft, an imaging microcalorimeter that will enable high spectral resolution imaging and point-source spectroscopy. The instrument's sensor array will be a ~ 3840-pixel transition edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter array, with a frequency domain multiplexed SQUID readout system allowing this large-format sensor array to be operated within the thermal constraints of the instrument's cryogenic system. A second TES detector will be operated in close proximity to the sensor array to detect cosmic rays and secondary particles passing through the sensor array for off-line coincidence detection to identify and reject events caused by the in-orbit high-energy particle background. The detectors, operating at 55 mK, or less, will be thermally isolated from the instrument cryostat's 2 K stage, while shielding and filtering within the FPA will allow the instrument's sensitive sensor array to be operated in the expected environment during both on-ground testing and in-flight operation, including straylight from the cryostat environment, low-energy photons entering through the X-ray aperture, low-frequency magnetic fields, and high-frequency electric fields.

KW - Athena

KW - cryogenic anti-coincidence detector

KW - focal plane assembly

KW - frequency division multiplexing

KW - SQUID amplifier

KW - transition edge sensor

KW - X-IFU

KW - X-ray microcalorimeter

U2 - 10.1117/12.2232544

DO - 10.1117/12.2232544

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

T3 - Proceedings of SPIE

BT - Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016

PB - International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE

ER -

B. D. Jackson BD, van Weers H, van der Kuur J, den Hartog R, Akamatsu H, Argan A et al. The focal plane assembly for the Athena X-ray Integral Field Unit instrument. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. International Society for Optics and Photonics SPIE. 2016. 990521. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9905). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232544