The fungal path for D-galacturonic acid catabolism

Satu Kuorelahti, Merja Penttilä, Peter Richard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

D-galacturonic acid is the major component of pectin and consequently an important carbon source for microorganisms living on decaying plant material or for biotechnological processes where cheap raw materials such as sugar beet pulp are used. A bacterial catabolic pathway has been described while a eukaryotic pathway has remained unknown. For E. coli a pathway was described consisting of five enzymes converting D-galacturonic acid to pyruvic acid and D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate. The enzymes of this pathway are uronate isomerase, NADH-utilizing D-tagaturonate reductase, altronate dehydratase, D-erythro-3-deoxy-D-hexulosonate kinase and D-erythro-3-deoxy-D-hexulosonate-6-phosphate aldolase. We show that a fungal pathway exists that is distinctly different from any previously described pathway. In this pathway D-galacturonic acid is converted to pyruvate and glycerol. Intermediates are L-galactonate and L-threo-3-deoxy-hexulosonate. We have identified most of the enzymes of this pathway, cloned the corresponding genes, expressed them in a heterologus host and determined the kinetic properties of the enzymes. We will present potential biotechnological applications of this novel pathway.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Specialised Symposium on Yeasts ISSY25
Subtitle of host publicationSystems Biology of Yeasts - from Models to Applications
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages142
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6308-5
ISBN (Print)951-38-6307-7
Publication statusPublished - 2006
EventInternational Specialised Symposium on Yeasts, ISSY 25 - Espoo, Finland
Duration: 18 Jun 200621 Jun 2006

Publication series

SeriesVTT Symposium
Number242
ISSN0357-9387

Conference

ConferenceInternational Specialised Symposium on Yeasts, ISSY 25
Abbreviated titleISSY 25
CountryFinland
CityEspoo
Period18/06/0621/06/06

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