The history of airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and perylene as recorded in dated lake sediments

Kim Wickström, Kimmo Tolonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) were analyzed in sediment cores from five small forest lakes in Finland. The catchments of the lakes were undisturbed (2 lakes) or only very slightly disturbed by human activity (3 lakes). None of the lakes had runoff delivery of PAH from their shores. Lead-210 dating of four lakes enabled the calculation of individual PAH fluxes over the past 100 to 150 yr. The sedimentary distribution of abiotic PAH in these lakes appears to be indicative of the development of combustion-generated energy production in Finland and adjacent countries. This development is reflected in an overall increase in sedimentary PAH since about 1850. After World War II the rate of accumulation of PAH continues to increase. The large variation between the PAH fluxes of different lakes indicates different trapping efficiencies and/or different preservation of the PAH compounds due to limnological differences between the lakes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-175
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution
Volume32
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Perylene
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Lakes
lacustrine deposit
PAH
Sediments
lake
history
Fluxes
lead isotope
Runoff
Catchments
sediment core
trapping
human activity
Lead
combustion
catchment
runoff

Cite this

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title = "The history of airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and perylene as recorded in dated lake sediments",
abstract = "Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) were analyzed in sediment cores from five small forest lakes in Finland. The catchments of the lakes were undisturbed (2 lakes) or only very slightly disturbed by human activity (3 lakes). None of the lakes had runoff delivery of PAH from their shores. Lead-210 dating of four lakes enabled the calculation of individual PAH fluxes over the past 100 to 150 yr. The sedimentary distribution of abiotic PAH in these lakes appears to be indicative of the development of combustion-generated energy production in Finland and adjacent countries. This development is reflected in an overall increase in sedimentary PAH since about 1850. After World War II the rate of accumulation of PAH continues to increase. The large variation between the PAH fluxes of different lakes indicates different trapping efficiencies and/or different preservation of the PAH compounds due to limnological differences between the lakes.",
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doi = "10.1007/BF00227691",
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journal = "Water, Air, and Soil Pollution",
issn = "0049-6979",
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The history of airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and perylene as recorded in dated lake sediments. / Wickström, Kim; Tolonen, Kimmo.

In: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Vol. 32, No. 1-2, 1987, p. 155-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The history of airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and perylene as recorded in dated lake sediments

AU - Wickström, Kim

AU - Tolonen, Kimmo

PY - 1987

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N2 - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) were analyzed in sediment cores from five small forest lakes in Finland. The catchments of the lakes were undisturbed (2 lakes) or only very slightly disturbed by human activity (3 lakes). None of the lakes had runoff delivery of PAH from their shores. Lead-210 dating of four lakes enabled the calculation of individual PAH fluxes over the past 100 to 150 yr. The sedimentary distribution of abiotic PAH in these lakes appears to be indicative of the development of combustion-generated energy production in Finland and adjacent countries. This development is reflected in an overall increase in sedimentary PAH since about 1850. After World War II the rate of accumulation of PAH continues to increase. The large variation between the PAH fluxes of different lakes indicates different trapping efficiencies and/or different preservation of the PAH compounds due to limnological differences between the lakes.

AB - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) were analyzed in sediment cores from five small forest lakes in Finland. The catchments of the lakes were undisturbed (2 lakes) or only very slightly disturbed by human activity (3 lakes). None of the lakes had runoff delivery of PAH from their shores. Lead-210 dating of four lakes enabled the calculation of individual PAH fluxes over the past 100 to 150 yr. The sedimentary distribution of abiotic PAH in these lakes appears to be indicative of the development of combustion-generated energy production in Finland and adjacent countries. This development is reflected in an overall increase in sedimentary PAH since about 1850. After World War II the rate of accumulation of PAH continues to increase. The large variation between the PAH fluxes of different lakes indicates different trapping efficiencies and/or different preservation of the PAH compounds due to limnological differences between the lakes.

U2 - 10.1007/BF00227691

DO - 10.1007/BF00227691

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JO - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

JF - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

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