The impact of tribology on energy use and CO2 emission globally and in combustion engine and electric cars

Kenneth Holmberg (Corresponding Author), Ali Erdemir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Growing concerns over energy and environmental sustainability have lately sparked worldwide interest in more efficient and cleaner transportation systems and industrial activities. Friction roughly consumes one-fifth of all energy used worldwide. One-third of all energy used in transportation goes to overcome friction. At the same time, the fruits of decades of dedicated research on all-electric vehicles powered by advanced batteries are paving the way toward a much cleaner and sustainable transportation future. In this article, we provide a short overview of what are the energy efficiency and environmental impacts of current transportation, industrial, and residential systems and how much of that efficiency is adversely affected by friction and wear losses in moving mechanical parts and components. We also touch upon recent advances in new materials, lubricants, and design changes that could reduce energy losses by 18–40%, mainly resulting from friction and wear. The savings would be up to 8.7% of the total global energy use and 1.4% of the gross national products (GNP). Finally, we calculate the energy consumption and friction losses in battery-powered electric passenger cars and show the benefit of electric cars where the total energy use is in average 3.4 times lower compared to combustion engine powered cars. The CO2 emissions are 4.5 times higher for a combustion engine car compared to an electric car when the electricity comes from renewable energy sources. Moving from fossil to renewable energy sources may cut down the energy losses due to friction in energy production by more than 60%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-396
Number of pages8
JournalTribology International
Volume135
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Mar 2019
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Fingerprint

tribology
Tribology
engines
Railroad cars
Friction
Engines
friction
cleaners
renewable energy
energy sources
energy
Energy dissipation
electric batteries
Wear of materials
gross national product
energy dissipation
Passenger cars
Fruits
passengers
fruits

Keywords

  • Electric car
  • Energy
  • Friction
  • Impact

Cite this

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abstract = "Growing concerns over energy and environmental sustainability have lately sparked worldwide interest in more efficient and cleaner transportation systems and industrial activities. Friction roughly consumes one-fifth of all energy used worldwide. One-third of all energy used in transportation goes to overcome friction. At the same time, the fruits of decades of dedicated research on all-electric vehicles powered by advanced batteries are paving the way toward a much cleaner and sustainable transportation future. In this article, we provide a short overview of what are the energy efficiency and environmental impacts of current transportation, industrial, and residential systems and how much of that efficiency is adversely affected by friction and wear losses in moving mechanical parts and components. We also touch upon recent advances in new materials, lubricants, and design changes that could reduce energy losses by 18–40{\%}, mainly resulting from friction and wear. The savings would be up to 8.7{\%} of the total global energy use and 1.4{\%} of the gross national products (GNP). Finally, we calculate the energy consumption and friction losses in battery-powered electric passenger cars and show the benefit of electric cars where the total energy use is in average 3.4 times lower compared to combustion engine powered cars. The CO2 emissions are 4.5 times higher for a combustion engine car compared to an electric car when the electricity comes from renewable energy sources. Moving from fossil to renewable energy sources may cut down the energy losses due to friction in energy production by more than 60{\%}.",
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The impact of tribology on energy use and CO2 emission globally and in combustion engine and electric cars. / Holmberg, Kenneth (Corresponding Author); Erdemir, Ali.

In: Tribology International, Vol. 135, 12.03.2019, p. 389-396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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