The impacts of EU CO2 emissions trading on electricity markets and electricity consumers in Finland

Mikko Kara (Corresponding Author), Sanna Syri, Antti Lehtilä, Satu Helynen, Veikko Kekkonen, Maija Ruska, Juha Forsström

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    90 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this paper, the likely impacts of the EU emission trading system on the Nordic electricity market and on the position of various market actors are assessed. In its first phase, the EU CO2 emission trading system includes power plants with thermal capacity greater than 20 MW, metals industry, pulp and paper industry, mineral industry and oil refineries. This paper describes the assessment done for the Finnish Minister of Trade and Industry, analysing the likely impacts on power plant operators, on energy-intensive industries, on other industries and on other consumer groups. The impacts of emissions trading were studied with the VTT electricity market model and with the TIMES energy system model. The annual average electricity price was found to rise 0.74 EUR MW h− 1 for every 1 € tonne CO2−1 in the Nordic area. Large windfall profits were estimated to incur to electricity producers in the Nordic electricity market. In Finland, metals industry and private consumers were estimated to be most affected by the electricity market price increases. Expanded nuclear power generation could limit the increases in the prices of electricity to one-third compared to those in the base case.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)193 - 211
    Number of pages19
    JournalEnergy Economics
    Volume30
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Electricity
    Industry
    Power plants
    Paper and pulp industry
    Mineral oils
    Mineral industry
    Metals
    Nuclear energy
    Specific heat
    Power generation
    Profitability
    Power markets
    Emissions trading
    Electricity market
    Finland
    CO2 emissions
    Nordic
    Power plant
    Metal industry
    Trading systems

    Keywords

    • Nordic electricity market
    • Investment
    • CO2 emission
    • Windfall profit
    • Industry
    • Domestic sector

    Cite this

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    title = "The impacts of EU CO2 emissions trading on electricity markets and electricity consumers in Finland",
    abstract = "In this paper, the likely impacts of the EU emission trading system on the Nordic electricity market and on the position of various market actors are assessed. In its first phase, the EU CO2 emission trading system includes power plants with thermal capacity greater than 20 MW, metals industry, pulp and paper industry, mineral industry and oil refineries. This paper describes the assessment done for the Finnish Minister of Trade and Industry, analysing the likely impacts on power plant operators, on energy-intensive industries, on other industries and on other consumer groups. The impacts of emissions trading were studied with the VTT electricity market model and with the TIMES energy system model. The annual average electricity price was found to rise 0.74 EUR MW h− 1 for every 1 € tonne CO2−1 in the Nordic area. Large windfall profits were estimated to incur to electricity producers in the Nordic electricity market. In Finland, metals industry and private consumers were estimated to be most affected by the electricity market price increases. Expanded nuclear power generation could limit the increases in the prices of electricity to one-third compared to those in the base case.",
    keywords = "Nordic electricity market, Investment, CO2 emission, Windfall profit, Industry, Domestic sector",
    author = "Mikko Kara and Sanna Syri and Antti Lehtil{\"a} and Satu Helynen and Veikko Kekkonen and Maija Ruska and Juha Forsstr{\"o}m",
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    The impacts of EU CO2 emissions trading on electricity markets and electricity consumers in Finland. / Kara, Mikko (Corresponding Author); Syri, Sanna; Lehtilä, Antti; Helynen, Satu; Kekkonen, Veikko; Ruska, Maija; Forsström, Juha.

    In: Energy Economics, Vol. 30, No. 2, 2008, p. 193 - 211.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Kara, Mikko

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    AU - Lehtilä, Antti

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    AU - Kekkonen, Veikko

    AU - Ruska, Maija

    AU - Forsström, Juha

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