The industrial potential of bio-based glycolic acid and polyglycolic acid: Short survey

Thomas M. Gädda, Minni M. Pirttimaa, Outi Koivistoinen, Peter Richard, Merja Penttilä, Ali Harlin

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)


    The use of renewable natural resources in industrial applications reduces dependence on oil and the carbon footprint attributable to manufacture and use of consumer products. Several well-known products have been commercialized leveraging on platform chemicals produced, for example, by fermentation of sugars, or conversions of triglycerides or fermentation products to precursors such as lactic acid, succinic acid, sebacic acid, ethylene and ethylene glycol, making fully or partially bio-based thermoplastic materials available. ITT has developed several materials and methods for various bio-based chemicals or material solutions that can be industrially exploitable. A broad target has been to produce bio-based chemicals, polymers and polymer composites. A particular area of emphasis has been on materials for packaging applications. Approximately 40 per cent of all plastics are used in packaging, which puts a particular pressure on the packaging industry to adopt bio-based material solutions in products.

    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages1
    JournalAppita Journal
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
    MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


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