The influence of biocomposite processing and composition on natural fiber length, dispersion and orientation

Heidi Peltola (Corresponding Author), B. Madsen, R. Joffe, Kalle Nättinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In the study, the effect of process steps, melt viscosity and fiber type on the fiber length of biocomposites from triethyl citrate plasticized starch acetate and natural fibers was investigated. Composites were prepared by melt processing (compounding and injection molding). The lengths of fully processed fibers were determined by dissolving the starch acetate matrix and measuring the length of the remaining fibers by optical microscopy and image analysis. A clear reductive effect of the pelletising and melt processing on the fiber length was noticed. Also a reduction of fiber length along the increasing fiber content and the decreasing plasticizer content was detected. This reduction was originated from the increasing shear forces during compounding, which again depended on the increased viscosity of the material. When comparing the fully processed hemp and flax fibers, hemp fibers remained longer and fibrillated more than flax fibers, leading to higher aspect ratio. Thus, the reinforcement efficiency of hemp fibers by the processing was improved, on the contrary to the reduced reinforcement efficiency of flax fibers. In addition, the analysis of fiber dispersion and orientation showed a good dispersion of fibers in the matrix, and a predominant orientation of the fibers in the melt flow direction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-198
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Engineering A
Volume1
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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biocomposites
natural fibers
hemp
flax
viscosity
acetates
starch
plasticizers
composite materials
fiber content
citrates
shear stress
microscopy
image analysis

Cite this

Peltola, Heidi ; Madsen, B. ; Joffe, R. ; Nättinen, Kalle. / The influence of biocomposite processing and composition on natural fiber length, dispersion and orientation. In: Journal of Materials Science and Engineering A. 2011 ; Vol. 1, No. 7. pp. 190-198.
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abstract = "In the study, the effect of process steps, melt viscosity and fiber type on the fiber length of biocomposites from triethyl citrate plasticized starch acetate and natural fibers was investigated. Composites were prepared by melt processing (compounding and injection molding). The lengths of fully processed fibers were determined by dissolving the starch acetate matrix and measuring the length of the remaining fibers by optical microscopy and image analysis. A clear reductive effect of the pelletising and melt processing on the fiber length was noticed. Also a reduction of fiber length along the increasing fiber content and the decreasing plasticizer content was detected. This reduction was originated from the increasing shear forces during compounding, which again depended on the increased viscosity of the material. When comparing the fully processed hemp and flax fibers, hemp fibers remained longer and fibrillated more than flax fibers, leading to higher aspect ratio. Thus, the reinforcement efficiency of hemp fibers by the processing was improved, on the contrary to the reduced reinforcement efficiency of flax fibers. In addition, the analysis of fiber dispersion and orientation showed a good dispersion of fibers in the matrix, and a predominant orientation of the fibers in the melt flow direction.",
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The influence of biocomposite processing and composition on natural fiber length, dispersion and orientation. / Peltola, Heidi (Corresponding Author); Madsen, B.; Joffe, R.; Nättinen, Kalle.

In: Journal of Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 1, No. 7, 2011, p. 190-198.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The influence of biocomposite processing and composition on natural fiber length, dispersion and orientation

AU - Peltola, Heidi

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AU - Joffe, R.

AU - Nättinen, Kalle

PY - 2011

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AB - In the study, the effect of process steps, melt viscosity and fiber type on the fiber length of biocomposites from triethyl citrate plasticized starch acetate and natural fibers was investigated. Composites were prepared by melt processing (compounding and injection molding). The lengths of fully processed fibers were determined by dissolving the starch acetate matrix and measuring the length of the remaining fibers by optical microscopy and image analysis. A clear reductive effect of the pelletising and melt processing on the fiber length was noticed. Also a reduction of fiber length along the increasing fiber content and the decreasing plasticizer content was detected. This reduction was originated from the increasing shear forces during compounding, which again depended on the increased viscosity of the material. When comparing the fully processed hemp and flax fibers, hemp fibers remained longer and fibrillated more than flax fibers, leading to higher aspect ratio. Thus, the reinforcement efficiency of hemp fibers by the processing was improved, on the contrary to the reduced reinforcement efficiency of flax fibers. In addition, the analysis of fiber dispersion and orientation showed a good dispersion of fibers in the matrix, and a predominant orientation of the fibers in the melt flow direction.

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