The influence of building renovations on indoor comfort: A field test in an apartment building

Paula Ala-Kotila (Corresponding Author), Terttu Vainio, Jarmo Laamanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
42 Downloads (Pure)


This article presents a field test of how deep renovation affects indoor climate quality. The studied apartment building was built in 1968 and is located in Finland, within the Nordic climate zone. The deep renovation included façade repair with extra insulation, new windows with trickle vents, new balcony glass and doors, and the installation of an exhaust air heat pump into the existing mechanical exhaust air ventilation. The indoor climate conditions and building envelope tightness were measured before and after the renovation. As a result of these energy renovation measures, the building envelope tightness improved by nearly 40% and the uncontrolled supply of air (draughts) decreased by approximately 24%. The overall energy consumption of the building decreased by 45%. Above all, the long testing period gives credibility to the study. The field test brought up the challenge of supplying an adequate amount of fresh air. This article highlights the fact that windows are part of a mechanical ventilation system if fresh air is not controlled by being led through inlet ducts. The supply air flow and volume must be ensured by correctly dimensioned valves, and therefore we stress the importance of the technical cooperation of technical designers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4958
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Deep renovation
  • Exhaust air heat pump
  • Field test
  • Heat recovery system
  • Housing
  • Indoor air quality
  • Supply air window
  • Trickle vent


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