The influence of carbon impurities on the formation of loops in tungsten irradiated with self-ions

Jari Likonen, Nicolas Castin (Corresponding Author), A Dubinko, G Bonny, Andree De Backer, Andrea Sand, Kalle Heinola, D. Terentyev

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    23 Citations (Scopus)


    The microstructure changes taking place in W under irradiation are governed by many factors, amongst which C impurities and their interactions with self-interstitial atoms (SIA). In this work, we specifically study this effect by conducting a dedicated 2-MeV self-ions irradiation experiment, at room temperature. Samples were irradiated up to 0.02, 0.15 and 1.2 dpa. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) expectedly revealed a large density of SIA loops at all these doses. Surprisingly, however, the loop number density increased in a non-monotonous manner with the received dose. Performing chemical analysis with secondary ion spectroscopy measurements (SIMS), we find that our samples were likely contaminated by C injection during the irradiation. Employing an object kinetic Monte Carlo (OKMC) model for microstructure evolution, we demonstrate that the C injection is the likely factor explaining the evolution of loops number density. Our findings highlight the importance of the well-known issue of C injection during ion irradiation experiments, and demonstrate how OKMC models can help to rationalize this effect.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number151808
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    This work has been carried out within the framework of the EUROfusion Consortium and has received funding from the Euratom research and training programme 2014-2018 and 2019-2020 under grant agreement No 633053 . The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission.


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