The Intelligence of Intelligent Buildings: The Feasibility of the Intelligent Building Concept in Office Buildings: Dissertation

Mervi Himanen

Research output: ThesisDissertationMonograph


Building of the IBs (Intelligent Buildings) is based on the IB concepts, which are very accurately defined for the practical purposes. The lack of universal definition of intelligent building has encouraged to study the knowledge-based systems for the definition of building intelligence. The BI (Building Intelligence) turned out to be a function of human intelligence, which the building professionals lend to the building through knowledge transformation. The forms of the BI are: building connectivity, building self-recognition, spatiality, building kinaesthetics and building logic. The BIF (Building Intelligence Framework) describes the interplay between the building stakeholders and the building intelligence. In this interplay the focus is in the human-building connectivity, which is defined also in the thesis. Also end-users lend their intelligence to the building if they have the opportunity to give feedback of the design or the building. The definition of the BI is done on the grounds of the IBs Survey, which is comparing five IBs and seven reference buildings in the Helsinki metropolitan area with a questionnaire of 417 parameters, to which was got 534 responses. The difference of the two building types proves the existence of the successful implementation of the IB concepts in the office buildings. The office workers' productivity has been the measurement of the building efficacy. Rich result of the quality of knowledge work environment and the end-user requirements of it have been gained. The end-user requirements of knowledge work environment do not differ only on the basis of the quality of technology and spaces, but the working environment design should offer different solutions according to the status of the worker and it should be different for women and men.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor Degree
Awarding Institution
  • Aalto University
  • Leväinen, Kari I., Supervisor, External person
Award date27 Mar 2003
Place of PublicationEspoo
Print ISBNs951-38-6038-8
Electronic ISBNs951-38-6646-7
Publication statusPublished - 2003
MoE publication typeG4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph)


  • intelligent buildings
  • building intelligence
  • office buildings
  • building concepts
  • integrated facilities management
  • ICT
  • working environment
  • workspace
  • information society
  • office automation
  • quality
  • post-occupancy study
  • user connectivity
  • building connectivity
  • building self-recognition
  • spatiality
  • building kinaesthetics
  • building logic
  • combinativity
  • building automation
  • indoor air
  • energy effiency
  • business travelling
  • smart buildings


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