The Josephson two-terminal-pair impedance bridge

Jinni Lee, Jürgen Schurr, Jaani Niissilä, Luis Palafox, Ralf Behr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


We present the connection of two programmable Josephson arrays generating synchronous waveforms to measure impedance ratios—the Josephson two-terminal-pair impedance bridge. This approach is more flexible than conventional bridges at the same level of uncertainty. The Josephson bridge can measure over a wider frequency range, over a wider range of impedance ratios than conventional two-terminal-pair bridges. Furthermore, the phase angle between the two impedances can take any value. As a first application, we present measurements of a 1 : 1 resistance ratio at the 10 kΩ level in the frequency range between 25 Hz and 10 kHz. The uncertainties are better than a few parts in 108 and hence comparable to those of conventional impedance bridges. Quantization at up to 10 kHz was confirmed by varying the bias current of the Josephson arrays, resulting in constant resistance ratios within the measurement resolution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-459
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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